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Sexual violence and trauma in the ‘war on terror’
Joanna Bourke

shouldn’t be in the military … Women are more vicious than men’. 20 This approach encourages an emphasis on Lynndie England’s pregnancy and the alleged fact that the female perpetrators were ‘smitten with [Charles] Graner’, the man most frequently seen in the photographs. 21 A more sociologically infused perspective posits that female perpetrators of sexual violence expose the folly of a world that deprecates femininity and views bodies (particularly female ones) as commodities. Women come to adopt the same attitude toward, all bodies. As women become similar

in ‘War on terror’
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Alison Phipps

scholarship, there is a narcissistic focus on (and universalisation of) the experiences and concerns of white people. There is also an inability to acknowledge the structures and histories of race and racism that have shaped the world.10 The methodological whiteness of mainstream feminist scholarship was described in the previous ­chapter – and this underpins the political whiteness of the mainstream Western feminist movement against sexual violence. This movement makes claims about ‘women’s victimhood’ based on the experiences of bourgeois white women. In 1982, in an

in Me, not you
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Alison Phipps

fight against sexual violence. Outrage about the widely sanctioned rape of Black women by white men was central to the Civil Rights movement. Reclaim the Night started in the UK in 1977 because feminists in Leeds were outraged about police telling them to stay indoors while the ‘Yorkshire Ripper’ Peter Sutcliffe was on the loose. Outrage is cathartic. It has righteousness because of its ‘outness’: it takes up space, demands attention to the matter at hand. It can put us in touch with our feelings about issues; it can be a collective release. In the information

in Me, not you
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Moira Maguire

can imagine that the system that prevailed to deal with ”problem” children in the first half of the twentieth century inflicted a significant degree of psychological violence on them, although the effect on children of social policy was scarcely, if ever, questioned. The plight of children in state care – either in institutions or foster homes – suggests a more general attitude of indifference towards children and childhood that was also reflected in official attitudes toward and treatment of physical and sexual violence against children. ISPCC case files

in Precarious childhood in post-independence Ireland
Who are they? Experiences of children, mothers, families and post-conflict communities
Sabine Lee

, today loving and caring relationships and successful marriages between soldiers and local women are more likely to remain hidden or unnoticed, whereas conflictrelated sexual violence (CRSV) will be more likely to be reported.15 In the early modern case, it was the exceptional archival find of a body of letters written to soldiers in the summer of 1625 by inhabitants of several towns in the border region of Thuringia and Hesse and some responses written by the soldiers, which gave insights into the predicament of women who had trusted soldiers’ marriage promises, and

in Children born of war in the twentieth century
Alison Spillane

public expenditure cutbacks, and on women’s position in both the formal labour market and in relation to unrecognised care work. It will also look at the issues of domestic and sexual violence against women, the female body as a site of struggle during the crisis, and the ways in which women have organised to resist austerity. Precarious work As regards the labour market, there are contradictions in the way in which women are being treated during the current crisis. While some women, such as lone parents, find themselves being forced out of the home to seek waged work

in Ireland under austerity
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Valerie Bryson

United Nations, describes as a ‘global pandemic’ of violence against women (UN News, 2018 ), and in 2017 the World Health Organization reported that around one in three women in the world experience physical and/or sexual violence at some time in their life, often from an intimate partner. By April 2020 this figure had risen sharply as a result of the COVID-19 lockdowns, and Guterres called on governments around the world to make addressing the problem a key part of their response to the crisis (Neuman, 2020 ). As new forms of religious and ethnic conflict have

in The futures of feminism
Christine Byron

perpetrator’s custody or control. Further, there must be awareness that such pain or suffering was not being imposed as a result of a lawful sanction. This part of the mens rea could potentially lead to ignorance of the law as a defence, if the perpetrator genuinely believed that he was carrying out a lawful sanction. 273 Article 7(1)(g) Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilisation, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity The origins and development of offences

in War crimes and crimes against humanity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Martin Barker, Clarissa Smith, and Feona Attwood

. Together these represent almost a fifth of our responses and suggest that our viewers felt at least some of the same concerns about sexual violence as the many popular and academic commentators. Various writers have noted the depiction of sexual violence of the series as a key characteristic (see, e.g., Rosenberg, 2012, 2015 ; Frankel, 2014b ; Ferreday, 2015 ; Gjelsvik, 2016 ) – focusing particularly on three rape scenes: of Daenerys by Khal Drogo; of Cersei by her brother Jaime Lannister; and of Sansa by Ramsay Bolton – and observing that the series presents sexual

in Watching Game of Thrones
The crisis of masculinity in Ian McEwan’s early fiction
Justine Gieni

of McEwan’s early work, it is frequently male protagonists who commit sexual violence to gain power. As evidenced in ‘Homemade’, The Cement Garden , and ‘In Between the Sheets’, it is male characters that feel ineffectual, vulnerable or weak and are thus driven by an apparent cultural imperative with the goal of gaining patriarchal dominance. In this way, these characters expose the fragility of the

in Incest in contemporary literature