Michael Clarke and Paul Cornish, ‘The
European defence project and the Prague summit’,
International Affairs , 78:4 (October 2002), p.
See Dieter Dettke, House Committee on
International Relations, The Future of TransatlanticRelations: A
Britain, France and the Rhodesian problem, 1965–1969
Community (EEC) to disagreements over transatlanticrelations, Cold War alliances and the Concorde Project, intensified this enduring Anglo-French mésentente (Young 2006: 165–8). In 1967, when De Gaulle
rejected Britain’s application for membership of the EEC for the second time,
these tensions increased exponentially. The outbreak of the Nigerian Civil War
in the same year, in which France supported the Biafran separatists in their
struggle against the British-backed Nigerian Federal Government, further
exacerbated Anglo-French hostility (Warson 2009). Understood within
Europe, Core Europe: TransatlanticRelations After the Iraq War ( London : Verso , 2005 ), 15 , 9 .
46 Fligstein, Euro-Clash , 178.
47 S. Jeffrey , ‘ Key Quotes: Tony Blair’s Speech to US Congress ,’ Guardian (18 July 2003 ); I. M. Young , ‘ De-Centering the Project of Global Democracy ,’ in D. Levy , M. Pensky and J. C. Torpey (eds), Old Europe, New Europe, Core Europe: TransatlanticRelations After the Iraq War ( London : Verso , 2005 ), 153 –159 .
48 P. J. Verovšek , ‘ Historical Criticism without Progress: Memory as an
against Terror: The Fall of NATO and Europe’s Reluctant Coming
of Age’, European Security , Vol. 12(2), 2003, pp.
Cited in T.G. Carpenter, ‘The Bush
Administration’s Security Strategy: Implications for
TransatlanticRelations’, Cambridge Review of International
Affairs , Vol. 16(3), 2003
, from his vantage position in the Washington embassy, felt that, by the time of Blair’s meeting with Bush in January 2003: ‘Transatlanticrelations were in a trough. Blair’s famous bridge between Europe and America was sinking beneath the waves’ (Meyer 2006: 261).
In sum, critics of the bridge strategy argue that it was undesirable in theory, or that it was impossible to execute in practice, either because Blair did not mean what he said or because he was unable to exercise enough of a calming influence over US policy in the war on terror. What we could add
Bears were bullish’ Sports Illustrated, 28 July 1980. The British
Olympic Association had come under considerable pressure from the Thatcher
government to stand with the United States and avoid British participation; see Kevin
Jefferys, Sport and Politics in Modern Britain: The Road to 2012 (Basingstoke: Palgrave
Macmillan, 2012), 149–71.
See J. Simon Rofe and Alan Tomlinson, ‘“Strenuous competition on the field of play,
diplomacy off it” – the 1908 London Olympics, Theodore Roosevelt, Arthur Balfour,
and transatlanticrelations’, Journal of the Gilded Age and
Inapplicability and necessity in Bosnia Herzegovina
Tanya Dramac Jiries
Center for TransatlanticRelations, Washington, DC .
Galtung , J. , 1969 . ‘Violence, peace, and peace research’, Journal of Peace Research , 6 ( 3 ), 167–191 .
Ginkel , B. , Westervelt , S. , 2009 . ‘The ethical challenges of implementing counterterrorism measures and the role of the OSCE’, Security and Human Rights , 2 , 123–142 .
Glenny , M. , 1996 . The Fall of Yugoslavia: The Third Balkan War , 3 rd edition. Penguin Books, London .
Glenny , M. , 2001 . The Balkans: Nationalism, War & the Great Powers (1804–1999) . Penguin Books
guided by another principle: the existence of domaines
privés or issues that cannot be submitted to discussion and
interference from the rest of the member states. These areas have
traditionally included security issues (national defence, borders,
nuclear status or neutrality) and special relationships (like the
US–UK relationship). For example, a member of a group dealing with
in the field of security. After the Fuchs and Pontecorvo scandals,
ministers reacted quickly to repair any damage to transatlanticrelations by introducing new security procedures known as
‘positive vetting’. The chapter also uses newly released
archival material to shed light on ministerial reactions to the
disapperance of the Foreign Office diplomats, Guy Burgess and Donald
Maclean, in the spring