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Craig Taylor

] and a sword with the point upright, supporting a crown. 2 In such a state, she set out to lead men-at-arms, and to command armies and great companies, in order to commit and to carry out inhuman cruelties, shedding human blood, stirring up sedition and unrest among the people, inciting them to perjuries and dangerous rebellions, 3 superstitions and false beliefs, disturbing all true peace and renewing mortal war. [She did

in Joan of Arc
Abstract only
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

studies of the economy of France in the 1960s, views of the Jacquerie changed. First, Luce read the documents with a sympathetic eye towards the peasantry, emphasising the contexts of war, terror, and destruction to the countryside by the English routiers , gangs of brigands, and above all else, ‘the decadence of French chivalry’. The nobles’ loss of military prestige, their failure to protect the

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
Abstract only
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

fourteenth century’ – the English peasant war or uprising, which lasted for less than a month in all, and for only six days in the capital, as a challenge to royal power (10–15 June). For that revolt, students are well armed with the excellent and thorough collection compiled by R. B. Dobson, The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 , which has rightly become standard reading for most courses on the social history

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
Abstract only
After the cluster, 1382-1423
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

After the 1380s the rhythms of revolt north and south of the Alps again went their separate ways. The duke of Berry may have brutally smashed the Tuchins of the Massif Centrale in 1384; yet the Hundred Years War, poorly enforced truces, and the mountainous terrain, allowed townsmen, rustics, dissatisfied noblemen, and ex-soldiers to continue to form armed bands in pursuit of

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
Craig Taylor

who will come to see you shortly, to your very great harm. King of England, if you do not do this, I am commander of war, and in whatever place I come upon your men in France, I will make them leave, whether they wish to or not. And if they do not wish to obey, I will have them all killed; I have been sent here by God, the King of Heaven, to drive you out of all France, body for body. 18 And if

in Joan of Arc
Abstract only
Anthony Musson
and
Edward Powell

) the death of the king, his consort, or eldest son; 3 violating his consort, eldest unmarried daughter or his eldest son’s wife; levying war against the king in his realm or adhering to the king’s enemies; counterfeiting the great seal or the coinage of the realm; killing the chancellor, treasurer or judges in open court. [ 3.15 , 3.16 ] The political intrigues that

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages
Craig Taylor

was to be defended by a virgin sent by God, and that the task had been committed to the weaker sex so that the French might not trust in their own virtue with pride, as was their habit; in any case a girl whose advice was so full of sense could not be regarded as mad. This opinion prevailed and they entrusted the matter of Orléans to the girl [ puella ]. A woman was made the commander of the war. Arms

in Joan of Arc
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr

, where a period of relative social peace may have followed the Jacquerie until the crisis of the French state at the end of Charles V’s reign. 1 More clearly than in 1358 these revolts, 1378–82, arose from the demands of war, forcing the king to exact new taxes. 2 The first wave of revolt erupted in the last years of Charles V’s reign, when with rapid succession he

in Popular protest in late-medieval Europe
I. S. Robinson

of Augsburg 45 had the role of chief adviser of the empress, which greatly displeased some of the princes of the kingdom, who would not tolerate his arrogance. 1059. In this year there were many deaths among men and a sickness among cattle. War broke out between the Milanese and the Pavians and many died on both sides. 46 Rudolf, duke of the Swabians married Matilda, the sister of King Henry. 47 In

in Eleventh-century Germany
Elisabeth van Houts

local princes. Among the latter were the princes of Salerno and Capua, the duke of Naples, the sons of Melus, who had a stronghold at Comino in the north of the principality of Capua, and even the monastery of Montecassino. Civil wars and outside pressure from Byzantium and the Saracens led to an insatiable need for soldiers to take part in the endemic fighting. In c . 1030 a group of Norman

in The Normans in Europe