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Jennifer Mori

fossils and rock samples to illustrate a new series of lectures on geology and palaeontology, and the professor was pleased to report in 1782 that the study of petrology was gaining ground in Cambridge. In our time, you know, it was a study scarce heard of among us; we were looked upon as no better than cockle-shell pickers; butterfly-hunters and weed gatherers; and I remember very well when I walked forth now & then, with a little hammer concealed under my coat, I looked carefully around me, lest I should be detected in the ridiculous act of knocking a poor stone to

in The culture of diplomacy
Natural history and the East India Company
Deepak Kumar

to living objects: ‘Why deprive the butterfly its natural enjoyment because it has the misfortune to be rare or beautiful?’ he asked. 75 In 1804, an Institution for promoting the Natural History of India was set up at Barrackpur near Calcutta, with a menagerie and an aviary. In a minute Wellesley, the then Governor-General of India, recorded, ‘the illustration and improvement of that important

in Imperialism and the natural world
D.N. Lammers

laboured fiction which, none-the-less, tried to make many similar points about an Asian people (the ‘Thulians’), who are easily recognisable as the Japanese. 12 The Hidden Flower might well be called ‘Madame Butterfly Fifty Years On’. Like that archetypical ‘novel of desertion’ it told the story of how

in Asia in Western fiction
An interpretive framework, 1840–1907
Richard S. Hill

would therefore, in a newspaper’s (typical) words, ‘transform the native grub into a civilised butterfly’. 7 The Armed Police Force system ushered in a forty-year period characterised by a strategic policing mode located towards the condign end of the control continuum. In that period, various tactical modes of policing came and went in response to various

in Policing the empire
Gavin R.G. Hambly

nature. Such bitter-sweet encounters, once so fashionable among suburban readers, now survive mainly in the opera house, in Delibes’ Lakhmé or Puccini’s Madame Butterfly . That the outcome of such relationships had to be tragic was implicit in prevailing racial and imperial ideologies. The native woman was the embodiment of unrestrained sexuality, and to submit to her embraces was to pass from a

in Asia in Western fiction
The multiple careers of a colonial museum curator
Savithri Preetha Nair

not considering the intellectual history of anthropology, and by not bothering to examine the nature of scientific activity undertaken by Thurston at the museum and on the field, Bates highhandedly dismisses his anthropological researches as one of the ‘most ludicrous’ and reduces the work of a colonial museum curator to a prejudicial ‘labelling and pinning butterflies, and of collecting and categorising the varieties of plants’. See Bates, ‘Race, caste and tribe in central India’, pp. 245

in Curating empire
Philip McEvansoneya

purchased with public money for deposit in an Irish institution. In 1867–68 with equal success he had canvassed the government on behalf of the RIA to purchase the ‘Tara’ brooch, one of the most significant of all Irish antiquities. 6 In Ceylon, Gregory revived his interest in natural history, especially Lepidoptera. He personally sponsored the production of watercolours of the island’s 350 species of butterfly, which were later used to illustrate Frederic Moore’s three-volume Lepidoptera of Ceylon (London, 1880–87), and

in Curating empire
Sadiah Qureshi

, Buddhist idols, Chinese weighing and measuring machines, a Chinese mariner’s compass, specimens of tea and ‘three cases containing very elaborate models of Chinese villas, made of ivory, mother-of-pearl, and other costly materials; and from the ceiling is suspended a large and highly-decorated Chinese lantern, made of thin sheets of horn’. Adjacent rooms housed paintings, prints, models of Chinese war junks, Burmese musical instruments, models of looms, ploughs, smiths’ bellows, butterflies, beetles’ shells, stuffed birds from

in Curating empire
Abstract only
Andrew J. May

grandmother Susannah Halford with a short account of life at the station: the long rides she enjoyed on a pony given to her by judge Skipwith in Sylhet; her older sister Susan taking a sketch of the bungalow; her Aunt Emily Brownlow making social calls on the Rabans; her younger sister collecting butterflies for Mrs Garstin. Emily also wrote with pride of her little nephew Thomas, who

in Welsh missionaries and British imperialism
Abstract only
John M. MacKenzie

assemblages of preserved and fossilised bones or antlers, which revealed the grandeur of extinct creatures of ‘deep time’. The smaller-scale collecting of birds’ eggs, bird skins, butterflies, moths and so on was pursued by a wider public. Activities now viewed as wholly lacking in conservation correctness were encouraged by educators and clergymen as a means of ‘rational recreation’, the pursuit of higher

in Museums and empire