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The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years
Eamon Maher

1 Crisis, what crisis? The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger years Eamon Maher Any book purporting to offer a socio-­cultural critique of the Celtic Tiger cannot fail to deal with the thorny issue of Irish Catholicism. There is a commonly held belief that the Celtic Tiger hastened a wave of aggressive secularism that proved fatal to the hallowed status of organized religion in Ireland, and particularly to the majority faith, Roman Catholicism. However, such a perspective fails to recognize the steady decline in vocations to the priesthood from the beginning

in From prosperity to austerity
Abstract only
Mark O’Brien

disturbed’. An objective and critical examination of Irish social life would, Brown concluded, ‘have revealed as well as things unique to the country the degree to which Irish life was influenced by the world around it’.4 During this period, many national newspapers were effectively the organs or semi-​organs of the dominant institutions within the state. In broad terms, Fianna Fáil had the uncritical support of the Irish Press, Fine Gael was supported by the business-​oriented Irish Independent, and both these newspapers were wholly uncritical of the Catholic Church

in The Fourth Estate
Open Access (free)
Sarah Roddy

:47 Introduction to emigration within the Catholic Church, to which about another fifth to a quarter of eighteenth-century migrants nominally belonged, are more difficult to discern. If Miller’s assertion that the majority of these early Catholic migrants were ‘rootless’ holds true, however, then it seems unlikely that their removal caused their clergy a great deal of practical trouble or mental anguish.8 Outward migration in the nineteenth century was a different matter. By 1815, Ireland’s population had expanded to almost seven million, more than double what it had been only a

in Population, providence and empire
Daniel Gerster

However, the ‘Cold War religion’ approach is certainly right in stressing that Christian anti-communism is of crucial importance in understanding how Roman Catholics perceived the inherent threats of the nuclear arms race. An examination of Roman Catholic perceptions of nuclear deterrence should not only look at the concepts themselves but also ask who supported them. Furthermore, it is essential to take into consideration the fundamental organisational structures of the Roman Catholic Church during the twentieth century. From the nineteenth century onwards, a

in Understanding the imaginary war
Abstract only
Ireland’s referendum and the journey from Gemeinschaft to Gesellschaft
Eugene O’Brien

Irish people participated in a constitutional referendum on two   147 ‘Belief shifts’ issues:  the thirty-​fourth amendment to the Constitution was about permitting same-​sex marriage, while the thirty-​fifth amendment suggested reducing the age of candidacy for the post of president of Ireland from thirty-​five to twenty-​one. Ireland had long been seen as a de-​facto theocracy in which the Catholic Church held a hegemonic position. Issues of law, health and education have all been subject to strong levels of control, both implicit and explicit, by the Catholic

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
Nils Freytag

era of Enlightenment holds true outside educated society. 6 The Catholic Church and state administration were confronted time and again with petitions and queries regarding witchcraft and magic, which contain many differing views and interpretations. The opinions of the acting parties will be the subject of the following discussion, which analyses the intentions of the medical profession and the state administration, the reaction of the Catholic

in Witchcraft Continued
The Batavia leprosy asylum in the age of slavery
Stephen Snelders

a working relationship between the colonial state and the Roman Catholic Church. This was possible because of the ambivalence in governmental policies regarding the management of the Batavia asylum. The vast majority of the sufferers in the asylum were a special category of slaves; they were unproductive. Since the slaves only cost the government money, it was unwilling to invest resources in the asylum. For instance, although the asylum was established in 1824, medical services were only provided in the 1850s. To provide support and sustenance for the sufferers

in Leprosy and colonialism
The work of rescue and refuge homes
Leanne McCormick

originally begun, and was attached to the Church of Ireland Magdalen Chapel on Donegall Pass. The Catholic Church was represented by the Good Shepherd Sisters, who came to Belfast in 1867. They established a ‘Home for Destitute Penitents’ in the centre of the city before moving to premises on the Ormeau Road.2 The Belfast Midnight Mission, a non-denominational organisation, was established in the 1860s, and sent a missionary out onto the streets at night to find women and bring them back to the rescue home.3 The Salvation Army opened its rescue home in Wellington Park in

in Regulating sexuality
Fergal Casey

14 The ‘greening’ of Cardinal Manning Fergal Casey Henry Edward Manning, son of a governor of the Bank of England, graduate of Harrow and Oxford, ended his life being denounced for home rule politics and socialistic economics. Manning expected to ‘sink to the bottom and disappear’1 when he resigned as Anglican archdeacon of Chichester in 1850 before converting to Catholicism, but in 1865 the pope personally intervened to appoint him archbishop of Westminster and leader of the Catholic Church in England, and in 1875 created him a cardinal. Manning’s increasing

in Irish Catholic identities
John Privilege

and development of life in the form of the idea of natural selection, Darwin not only contradicted the biblical account of creation but offered a universe which could run quite well without the Christian God at all. Evolution was creation and development devoid of conscious purpose.2 Historically, the Catholic Church has not often been associated with scientific endeavour and engagement with modern thought. In Ireland and across the Catholic world, however, a passionate debate on science developed among the clergy. Certain priests embraced the discoveries of modern

in Michael Logue and the Catholic Church in Ireland, 1879–1925