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Brototi Roy and Francesca Rhys-Williams

In this chapter, we argue that economics has not done enough to prioritise democracy or self-determination in economic development. This builds on our argument in the last chapter , that globalisation has for many countries prescribed a single predetermined pathway from ‘poor’ to ‘developed’, rather than supporting countries to chart their own

in Reclaiming economics for future generations
Responses to crisis and modernisation

This book considers the underlying causes of the end of social democracy's golden age. It argues that the cross-national trend in social democratic parties since the 1970s has been towards an accommodation with neo-liberalism and a corresponding dilution of traditional social democratic commitments. The book looks at the impact of the change in economic conditions on social democracy in general, before examining the specific cases of Germany, Sweden and Australia. It examines the ideological crisis that engulfed social democracy. The book also looks at the post-1970 development of social policy, its fiscal implications and economic consequences in three European countries. It considers the evolution of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from its re-emergence as a significant political force during the 1970s until the present day under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. The book also examines the evolution of the Swedish model in conjunction with social democratic reformism and the party's relations to the union movement. It explores the latest debate about what the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) stands for. The SPD became the role model for programmatic modernisation for the European centre-left. The book considers how British socialist and social democratic thought from the late nineteenth century to the present has treated the objective of helping people to fulfil their potential, talents and ambitions. It aims to contribute to a broader conversation about the future of social democracy by considering ways in which the political thought of 'third way' social democracy might be radicalised for the twenty-first century.

J. A. Chandler

8 War and social democracy Undermining the dual-polity ethos of the nineteenth century opened the door to an insidious encroachment of central controls and manipulation of local government services and structure by central government. During the 1930s a general mood of modernisation and streamlining attached to economies of scale pervaded radical thinking in relation to service provision. The major utilities – gas, electricity and water – along with transport such as the rail services were viewed as national rather than local concerns that needed to be supplied

in Explaining local government
Kirsten Haack

The idea of democracy clearly has been an integral part of the UN since its inception. Yet the meaning of democracy has evolved over time through its development and application as a UN practice. Definitions of democracy have been shaped in reaction to the organisation’s changing environment, be that in the context of decolonisation, ethnic wars or the process of democratisation (the Third Wave). In this sense, democracy, or the practice of democracy assistance, was part of an attempt at problem-solving. Because democracy served a

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Stella Gaon

5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 23/10/09 16:09 Page 157 7 Alterity as democracy-to-come Stella Gaon The increasing force of global capital, together with the rise of inter- and intra-state violence all over the world, has profoundly undermined the sovereignty of nation-states, the solidarity of multi-ethnic political communities and the quality of democracy, even where it does already exist. The 2003 invasion of Iraq in the absence of United Nations

in Democracy in crisis
Kirsten Haack

In the 1990s democracy gained an international dimension. Democracy became part of the UN agenda as the end of the Cold War promised not only an end to the stalemate between East and West at the UN, but also the possibility to pursue the liberal ideas which had underpinned the very idea of international organisation itself. Disregarding any explicit mention of democracy – indeed steering away from democracy – had served a vital political function during the Cold War, while interpreting principles such as self-determination in terms of

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Katherine Fierlbeck

It is clear that the real world of democracy is changing. (C.B. Macpherson 1965 : 2) The role of democracy in development debates From the exhilaration of revellers celebrating the obsolescence of the Berlin Wall to the horror of the Balkan wars, the modern experiment with self-government has

in Globalizing democracy
Duncan Watts

Chap 12 28/8/03 1:18 pm Page 305 Democracy in theory and practice 12 In recent years, the leaders of many countries have described their systems of government as democratic. The emphasis they place on certain institutions of government and their interpretations of the role of the state and individual in society may vary, but the label carries definite prestige and esteem. Britain and America are usually seen as examples of model Western representative, liberal democracies in which the people choose representatives who govern on their behalf and according to

in Understanding US/UK government and politics
Jeremy Nuttall

2 Social democracy and the people Jeremy Nuttall The dilemmas of democracy At the start of the twenty-first century, the British … had plenty of public spirit. Large numbers of them were involved in a wide range of voluntary organizations and informal social networks. They had outgrown political paternalism, … but they were not isolated from their society or from each other. This did not mean that they were itching to transform the political order. The servility and snobbery that Tawney had seen as the most contemptible vices of his fellow countrymen were much

in Making social democrats
Katherine Fierlbeck

Cuius regio, eius religio [whose territory, his religion] was a rotten idea in 1555, compared with universal religious toleration; and its successor is no better. (Brian Barry 1995 :4) What is a ‘nonliberal’ democracy? The

in Globalizing democracy