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Carmen M. Mangion

6 7 Edward R. Norman, The English Catholic Church in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984), p. 2. Robert J. Klaus, The Pope, the Protestants, and the Irish: Papal Aggression and Anti-Catholicism in Mid-Nineteenth Century England (London: Garland Publishing, 1987), p. 228. On 29 September 1850, Pope Pius IX reestablished the English Catholic hierarchy, a canonical form of church government which included a hierarchy of bishops who had episcopal authority over clergy and laity. Frank H. Wallis, Popular Anti-Catholicism in Mid

in Contested identities
Laurence Lux-Sterritt

compared with their Continental counterparts, English nuns were invested with an especially important mission. As members of a clandestine community under penalty, English Catholics valued the spiritual role of nuns perhaps more keenly than people did in countries where Catholicism had remained the established religion. Despite their physical separation from the world and their lack of geographical mobility, the exiled Sisters were part of the on-going English Catholic effort not only to survive but also to rekindle the flame of a fervent and militant piety. The vigour

in English Benedictine nuns in exile in the seventeenth century
Bodies and environments in Italy and England

This book explores whether early modern people cared about their health, and what did it mean to lead a healthy life in Italy and England. According to the Galenic-Hippocratic tradition, 'preservative' medicine was one of the three central pillars of the physician's art. Through a range of textual evidence, images and material artefacts, the book documents the profound impact which ideas about healthy living had on daily practices as well as on intellectual life and the material world in Italy and England. Staying healthy and health conservation was understood as depending on the careful management of the six 'Non-Naturals': the air one breathed, food and drink, excretions, sleep, exercise and repose, and the 'passions of the soul'. The book provides fresh evidence about the centrality of the Non-Naturals in relation to groups whose health has not yet been investigated in works about prevention: babies, women and convalescents. Pregnancy constituted a frequent physical state for many women of the early modern European aristocracy. The emphasis on motion and rest, cleansing the body, and improving the mental and spiritual states made a difference for the aristocratic woman's success in the trade of frequent pregnancy and childbirth. Preventive advice was not undifferentiated, nor simply articulated by individual complexion. Examining the roles of the Non-Naturals, the book provides a more holistic view of convalescent care. It also deals with the paradoxical nature of perceptions about the Neapolitan environment and the way in which its airs were seen to affect human bodies and health.

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Continental powers and the succession
Thomas M. McCoog, SJ

, despite numerous memorials flowing from the pens of English Catholics, did nothing. In March 1596 Persons (but more likely Sir Francis Englefield or the Jesuit Joseph Creswell) bemoaned the slow seepage of support for a Spanish candidate because of Philip’s inertia and the extraordinary efforts of his opponents. James was making overtures to English Catholics and to the pope. Because France and Scotland tended to behave similarly, James would imitate Henry. Nonetheless, the author argued, there would be no more hope for the eradication of heresy and the reformation of

in Doubtful and dangerous
Rosemary O’Day

imprisonment. Freedom of worship was granted by the Relief Act of 1791. In 1793 these concessions were extended to Scottish Catholics. These were tremendous steps forward, but Catholics still suffered from considerable religious and civil disabilities. In Scotland they could not open schools. Neither Scottish nor English Catholics could celebrate marriages or funerals in public. Catholics did not have the vote and they could not hold any rank in the army or navy. A Catholic could not sit in either House of Parliament. Whereas he could now become a barrister he could not 67

in The Debate on the English Reformation
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The material and visual culture of the Stuart Courts, 1589–1619
Author: Jemma Field

This book analyses Anna of Denmark’s material and visual patronage at the Stuart courts, examining her engagement with a wide array of expressive media including architecture, garden design, painting, music, dress, and jewellery. Encompassing Anna’s time in Denmark, England, and Scotland, it establishes patterns of interest and influence in her agency, while furthering our knowledge of Baltic-British transfer in the early modern period. Substantial archival work has facilitated a formative re-conceptualisation of James and Anna’s relationship, extended our knowledge of the constituents of consortship in the period, and has uncovered evidence to challenge the view that Anna followed the cultural accomplishments of her son, Prince Henry. This book reclaims Anna of Denmark as the influential and culturally active royal woman that her contemporaries knew. Combining politics, culture, and religion across the courts of Denmark, Scotland, and England, it enriches our understanding of royal women’s roles in early modern patriarchal societies and their impact on the development of cultural modes and fashions. This book will be of interest to upper level undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses on early modern Europe in the disciplines of Art and Architectural History, English Literature, Theatre Studies, History, and Gender Studies. It will also attract a wide range of academics working on early modern material and visual culture, and female patronage, while members of the public who enjoy the history of courts and the British royals will also find it distinctively appealing.

Ralph Knevet's Supplement of the Faery Queene (1635) is a narrative and allegorical work, which weaves together a complex collection of tales and episodes, featuring knights, ladies, sorcerers, monsters, vertiginous fortresses and deadly battles – a chivalric romp in Spenser's cod medieval style. The poem shadows recent English history, and the major military and political events of the Thirty Years War. But the Supplement is also an ambitiously intertextual poem, weaving together materials from mythic, literary, historical, scientific, theological, and many other kinds of written sources. Its encyclopaedic ambitions combine with Knevet's historical focus to produce an allegorical epic poem of considerable interest and power.

This new edition of Knevet's Supplement, the first scholarly text of the poem ever published, situates it in its literary, historical, biographical, and intellectual contexts. An extensive introduction and copious critical commentary, positioned at the back of the book, will enable students and scholars alike to access Knevet's complicated and enigmatic meanings, structures, and allusions.

The Archpriest controversy and the issue of the succession
Peter Lake and Michael Questier

centre stage and the claims of different candidates – Lord Beauchamp, Arbella Stuart, the Earl of Huntingdon, or James Stuart – on various Puritan and Protestant constituencies were emphasized.3 Over and against this actually or potentially fragmented Protestant camp, Persons set the English Catholics, who were presented as relatively united and as yet undecided as to whom they would support as Elizabeth’s successor. A conference, at least in its English recension, was an utterly public document.4 Dedicated, in the most provocative of terms, to the Earl of Essex, the

in Doubtful and dangerous
Robert Poole

grisly contents of Macbeth’s witches’ cooking pot, finding the macabre relics of English Catholic priests, martyred under Elizabeth I. He goes on to tease out connections with the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, to which, as we have seen, the activities of the Lancashire witches were compared by Thomas Potts, and whose conspiratorial connections reached into Lancashire. Finally, he shows how Lancashire’s gentry families were implicated in the underworld of persecuted Catholicism, particularly through the mission of the martyred Edmund Campion, and suggests that their mostly

in The Lancashire witches
Religion, persecution and identity in Britain and Ireland, 1558–1794
J.C.D. Clark

. There were many, many more; and they had proliferated. ‘From about ten English Catholic houses on the continent at the beginning of the seventeenth century there were a hundred or so fifty years later. Additionally, there were about forty Irish Catholic foundations and a dozen Scottish.’5 They constituted a communications network, dedicated to a cause that was at once both religious and political. 22 british and irish diasporas Lady Lucy Herbert thus united in her person several key diasporic themes: an elite family, used to leadership roles, that had suffered in

in British and Irish diasporas