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Gavin Barrett

democratic deficit at European level. As was seen in Chapter 1, the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty saw the role of national parliaments was for the first time made the subject of express general Treaty provisions in the form of Articles 10 and 12 TEU. These Articles involved a significant symbolic elevation of the status of national parliaments after an almost six-​decade absence of any mention of them in the Treaties.1 Such Treaty provisions are both (a) evidence of change in the role of national parliaments in EU matters, and (b) instruments of that change

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
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The age of supply­side politics?
Matt Qvortrup

mechanism which allows citizens to demand that parliaments propose legislation. A provision for the citizens’ initiative is included in the Lisbon Treaty and exists in many countries. Though sceptics have questioned whether this seemingly toothless mechanism would have any democratic bite, the evidence in this book suggests that the critics and the cynics have been wrong to dismiss it. The citizens’ initiative has contributed to the enactment of relatively uncontroversial legislation in countries like Poland and Austria. Legislatures that had not introduced legislation

in Direct democracy
Historical outlook and analytical frameworks
Ingi Iusmen

disjuncture between the EU’s internal and external objectives in relation to human rights, which was in place at the time of the accession negotiations with the CEECs. Put bluntly, when accession negotiations commenced with the CEECs, at the Treaty level there was a striking dissonance between the EU’s role in human rights inside and outside the Union. The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the binding nature of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights led to the constitutionalization of human rights at the EU level (Groussot and Pech, 2010). In legal terms, the

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime
Richard Hayton

the European Parliament; and secondly the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty. In a move that attracted criticism from some of his natural supporters Cameron first pledged to withdraw Conservative MEPs from the EPP and form a new group as part of his 2005 leadership election campaign. This was a barefaced attempt to secure the backing of Eurosceptic MPs, and helped Cameron garner sufficient The European question 73 support to defeat the right-wing Eurosceptic candidates Liam Fox and David Davis (Lynch and Whitaker, 2008: 34). This pledge was eventually fulfilled in

in Reconstructing conservatism?
Marcel H. Van Herpen

that legally it had only an advisory character. “There is no binding legal process to force Cameron to invoke article 50 [of the Lisbon Treaty – the article about leaving the Union],” wrote the Guardian on the day of the referendum. “In theory he could ignore the public and disregard a Brexit vote. In practice he has repeatedly promised that the result will stick – and there may be no going back on that line now.” 10 It was, indeed, a promise made by the prime minister which was decisive and not the letter of the law. Cameron put his personal credibility above the

in The end of populism
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Shivdeep Grewal

pace, with a ‘pillar’ structure and numerous national opt outs. EU juridification would thereon be characterised by ‘variable geometry’: the simultaneous activity of multiple integrative dynamics, with variations dependent on policy area and national setting (Mazey, 1996 : 35-6). The eventual accession to EU membership of Central European states only exacerbated the complexity of this arrangement, which the European Constitution and Lisbon Treaty have in turn been intended to address. Once again, theories evolved to accommodate

in Habermas and European integration
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Shivdeep Grewal

complexity of this arrangement, which the European Constitution and Lisbon Treaty have in turn been intended to address. Once again, theories evolved to accommodate a changing reality. Multilevel governance (MLG) came to prominence as an explanation for the institutional landscape created by the TEU. The originators of the theory, Hooghe and Marks, argued that European integration had shifted certain areas of policy making upward to supranational institutions, while regionalism had effected a displacement of elements of political authority to subnational levels of

in Habermas and European Integration (second edition)
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An overview of the role of the Oireachtas in European Union affairs
Gavin Barrett

provides that the treaties governing the EU, acts adopted by the EU institutions,34 acts adopted by the institutions of the European Communities in force immediately before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and acts adopted by bodies competent under those treaties are binding on the State and part of domestic law under the conditions laid down in the treaties governing the EU.35 The original Treaties have been added to and amended by many others.The list of treaties in the 1972 Act has been correspondingly amended (thereby calling the legislative role of the

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Cormac Behan

find an equilibrium with voters, politicians, prison staff and electoral officials. The next section examines levels of registration and voting among prisoners in polls subsequent to the 2007 election. Lisbon Treaty referendum, 2008 In June 2008, prisoners had the second opportunity to vote when the Irish government held a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty which provided for changes in governance of the European Union. Table 4.3 shows that the total number in custody on 15 February 2008 (date on which the voting register was published) was 3,491. At the publication of

in Citizen convicts
Community engagement and lifelong learning
Author: Peter Mayo

In this broad sweep, Mayo explores dominant European discourses of higher education, in the contexts of different globalisations and neoliberalism, and examines its extension to a specific region. It explores alternatives in thinking and practice including those at the grassroots, also providing a situationally grounded project of university–community engagement. Signposts for further directions for higher education lifelong learning, with a social justice purpose, are provided.