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Horror now and then
Fred Botting

account of the discursive formation of modernity, Michel Foucault comments upon the function of monsters in processes of biological classification. Unnatural but of nature, monsters are necessary figures in the taxonomic systems through which species are identified and associated. Monsters are both necessary and excluded, exceptional figures crucial in the process of furnishing the natural world with

in Limits of horror
Rustam Alexander

employed in the struggle with sexual perversions’. The head of the GULAG also suggested that apart from prison officers, specialists in psychiatry, forensic medicine and venereology should also be engaged in the effort to eradicate homosexuality in the GULAG system. 4 Yegorov’s decree represented, in Michel Foucault’s words, an ‘institutional incitement’ to speak about homosexuality and a ‘determination on the part of the agencies of power to hear it spoken about’. 5 It was also apparently one of the first serious and massive attempts of the Soviet officials to bring

in Regulating homosexuality in Soviet Russia, 1956–91
Reason and relation in the work cure
Jennifer Laws

of Friends (York: W. Alexander, 1813), p. 153.   2 Anne Digby, Madness, Morality and Medicine: A study of the York Retreat, 1796– 1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), p. xiii.   3 Jennifer Laws, ‘Crackpots and basket-cases: A history of therapeutic work and occupation’, History of the Human Sciences, 24 (2011), 65–81.   4 Michel Foucault, Madness and Civilisation: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, trans. R. Howard (London: Tavistock, 1967), p. 247.  5 Tuke, Description of the Retreat, p. 156.   6 Sigmund Freud, Civilisation and Its

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
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Ory Bartal

subjectivity, transforming them to a large extent into an object of social activity rather than a subject or initiator. This condition calls to mind Michel Foucault’s understanding of culture as structured around specific discourses, values, and norms that serve as powerful mechanisms of social and cultural surveillance, and enable powerful social groups to subject and control other groups.60 These discourses and values are culturally accepted as natural, while in fact embodying the hegemonic norms of the dominant group and policing us to unconsciously conform to ‘acceptable

in Critical design in Japan
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From national defense to self-defense
Justin A. Joyce

Equally important to the development of American law, as well as the Western’s imagination of gunslinging heroics, is the constitutional guarantee of gun possession, a guarantee explored in this chapter by examining key Supreme Court cases. This chapter argues that the modified conception of defense, from a collective duty to an individual right, enforces a rhetorical shift to normativity concomitant with the rise of modernity and the formation of dispersed, interrelated networks of power that create individuated subjects, what Michel Foucault has termed ‘biopower.’

in Gunslinging justice
Dave Boothroyd

This chapter examines the dialogue on the subject of drugs, madness and philosophy that can be traced in several texts by Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze. It addresses the question of the relationship between drugs, literary art, artistic life and the processes of theorising itself in the context of their own intellectual movements away from the humanistic modernity. The chapter considers how drugs and drug effects may be considered to figure in their respective attempts to overcome anthropocentric modernity, and also shows that the drug effects which circulate in culture at large are related to specific materialisations of individual existence.

in Culture on drugs
The Dewan Bahasadan Pustaka (House of Language) and Malaysia’s cultural decolonisation
Rachel Leow

This essay argues that an examination of the cultural effects of decolonisation can yield a clearer appreciation of the combined role of both coloniser and colonised in the making of the postcolonial order. Taking an approach informed by Michel Foucault, Jean-François Bayart and Romain Bertrand, it shows that the ethnic tensions which erupted over questions of national language planning, multilingualism, and culture in postcolonial Malaya, and persist through to the present, cannot be explained away as a simple “colonial legacy” inflicted by British divide-and-rule policies. They must also be recognised as the result of a particular hegemonic configuration, produced and maintained through the agency of postcolonial subjects themselves.

in Cultures of decolonisation
Author: Wing-Chung Ho

This book is about the lived experience of occupationally sick workers in China. When China initiated its economic reform in 1978, the Pearl River Delta (PRD) started attracting immense industrial capital from Hong Kong. The aftermath of the Zhili fire marked the invention and consolidation of different strategies on the part of Hong Kong-based NGOs to protect the rights of Chinese workers. The spinning-off of Labor Action China (LAC) from Christian Industrial Committee (CIC) in 2005 was prompted by the surge of pneumoconiosis cases among gemstone/jewelry workers in Guangdong province. In understanding the post-illness experiences of sick Chinese workers, the book subscribes to Michel Foucault's view that they face a hybrid of powers involving sovereignty, discipline, and governmentality. It argues that the social estrangement of Chinese sick workers can be understood as an instantiation of Agamben's notion of homo sacer - the ultimate biopolitical subject whose life is located outside "normal" political, economic, and cultural practices. The narratives of cadmium-poisoned workers suggest that they usually find themselves in situations where their rights are being exploited. Sick workers tend to strategize their pursuit of compensation toward the mode of "rightful resistance". The book sheds light on one response pattern observed at the actor-power interface, the compromising citizenry. It discusses the three major types of preferred ways of seeking compensation solicited from different groups of occupationally sick workers, namely, the craving for sick role status, rightful resistance, and compromising citizenry, can be considered as struggles for obtaining "legality".

Author: Chari Larsson

Didi-Huberman and the image is an introduction to French art historian and philosopher Georges Didi-Huberman. With an enormous body of work spanning four decades, Didi-Huberman is considered one of the most innovative and influential critical thinkers writing in France today. In this monograph art historian Chari Larsson presents the first extensive English-language study of Didi-Huberman’s research on images. Placing Didi-Huberman’s project in relation to major historical and philosophical frameworks, this book shows not only how Didi-Huberman modifies dominant traditions, but also how the study of images is central to a new way of thinking about poststructuralist-inspired art history. This book explores the origins of Didi-Huberman’s project, arguing he has sought renewal by turning the discipline of art history on its axis, wresting it away from its founding ‘fathers’ such as Giorgio Vasari and Erwin Panofsky and instead reorganising it along the poststructuralist lines of Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida and Gilles Deleuze. An image is a form of representation, but what is the philosophical framework supporting it? Didi-Huberman takes up this question repeatedly over the course of his career.

Banishment, abuse of power and strategies of resistance
Author: Pascale Drouet

This book analyses three Shakespearean plays that mainly deal with abusive forms of banishment: King Richard II, Coriolanus and King Lear. These plays present with particular clarity the mechanism of the banishment proclamation and its consequences, that is, the dynamic of exclusion and its repercussions. Those repercussions may entail breaking the ban to come back illegally and seek revenge; devising strategies of deviation, such as disguise and change of identity; or resorting to mental subterfuges as a means of refuge. They may also lead to entropy – exhaustion, letting go or heartbreak. Each in its own way, they invite us to reflect upon the complex articulation between banishment and abuse of power, upon the strategies of resistance and displacement employed to shun or endure the painful experience of ‘deterritorialisation’; they put into play the dialectics of allegiance and disobedience, of fearlessly speaking and silencing, of endurance and exhaustion; they question both the legitimacy of power and the limits of human resistance. This study draws on French scholars in Shakespearean studies, and also on contemporary French historians, theorists, anthropologists, psychoanalysts, essayists and philosophers, who can help us read Shakespeare’s plays in our time. It thus takes into account some of the works of Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, Gaston Bachelard, Marcel Detienne and Jean-Pierre Vernant, Boris Cyrulnik and Emmanuel Housset. The hope is that their respective intellectual approaches will shed specific kinds of light on Shakespeare’s plays and initiate a fruitful dialogue with Anglo-Saxon criticism.