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Gender, sexual difference and knowledge in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Kate Aughterson

difference as central organising metaphors in his utopian discourse. Joabin’s commentary on European habits reads like a protestant sermon on marriage,35 whose ideals are only realised in Bensalem. In Joabin’s description, European practice is represented as the opposite to Bensalem’s ideal, in its economic and political manipulation of marriage, its use of courtesans, ‘delight in meretricious embracements’, adultery, ‘deflowering of virgins’, and ‘masculine love’ (477). The objects of Bacon’s critique uncannily echo those voiced by feminists, in particular the double

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
The London left and the 1984–85 miners’ strike
Diarmaid Kelliher

. S. McGrail and V. Patterson, ‘For as Long as It Takes!’: Cowie Miners in the Strike, 1984–5 (self-published pamphlet, 1985), p. 32; B. Heathfield, ‘Women of the Coalfields’ (unpublished book draft, 1985), p. 30, TWL/7BEH/1/2; ‘What Did You Do in the Strike, Mum?’, Spare Rib, 151, February (1985), p 7. Tariq Ali argued that unlike the 1930s when disaffected young miners would have joined the CP, there was no obvious equivalent in the 1980s. Ali, untitled article, Time Out, p. 8. The Economic League, ‘Special Report. Ruthless, Cunning and Contemptuous: Political

in Waiting for the revolution
Abstract only
The growth of terrorism and counterterrorism in Nigeria, 1999–2016
Jennifer Giroux and Michael Nwankpa

cent by replacing the Oil Minerals Producing Areas Development Commission (OMPADEC) with the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), such measures failed to address the larger issues of oil exploitation, underdevelopment and environmental degradation. 51 By 2002, as JAS emerged in the north, years of political manipulation, poor community engagement practices within the oil industry, and communal and ethnic conflicts had encouraged the formation of armed groups and arms proliferation in the Niger Delta. On the one hand, this led to an increase in threats

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
Giuliana Chamedes

Materialism, 1871–1900 , Hayes had argued that American liberalism had cast aside Christian teachings and become increasingly secular and materialistic. In the process, it had put too much faith in democracy and nationalism, making itself thus vulnerable to political manipulation. In place of hyper-nationalism and the cult of democracy, Hayes advocated a return to Catholic principles and politics. Similar points were raised by Hoffman, in his 1945 speech before the United States Catholic Historical Association. Hoffman delivered the keynote at the

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Exhibiting the Great War in Australia, 1917–41
Jennifer Wellington

’, I refer to ‘lived experience’, or simply the physical fact of living one’s life in a specific place and time. I am aware that the possibility of understanding the soldier’s experience was certainly contested at the time – many soldiers believing that it was impossible for civilians to comprehend the experience of the soldier. George Mosse eloquently describes this and its political manipulation as the ‘Myth of the War Experience’ in Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars (New York: Oxford

in Curating empire
A staged evolution or failed revolution?
Tom Junes

students took to the streets on the pre-war Constitution Day holiday, which had been banned by the communist-led government of national unity. 2 Following rigged elections, a terror campaign and other methods of political manipulation, the communist take-over was complete. Subsequently, a Stalinist Gleichschaltung took place, atomising Polish society and subordinating it to the central control of the new Communist Party, the Polska Zjednoczna Partia Robotnicza (PZPR – Polish United Workers’ Party). The zenith of the totalitarian Stalinist period lasted until the mid-1950

in The 1989 Revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
William J. Bulman

Islam. ‘Under the pretense of religion’, Addison wrote, ‘he designed an empire; and he was a prophet in show, but a tyrant in project.’ Indeed, Muhammad’s political manipulation of religious truth was so similar to political puritanism that for Addison, the Prophet’s only rival as ‘the only great impostor that ever continued so long prosperous in the world’ was Oliver Cromwell. Muhammad ‘so well managed his ambition and injustice, under the cloak of religion, as never any have yet proved his equal’, wrote Addison. ‘The nearest and most exact transcript of this great

in Making the British empire, 1660–1800
Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley, and Catherine McGlynn

provoke and thus ensured that political manipulation of these emotive issues do not promote societal breakdown. However, it must also be noted that this line crossing and openness to dialogue has not signified the end of inter-community mistrust. Former prisoners have demonstrated in interviews that they can work with the other side without dropping their innate suspicions and

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Corruption and the police, c. 1750–1910
Francis Dodsworth

and office-based problem of individual malpractice, bribery and embezzlement. Crucially, the organisational reform of policing was put forward by a number of reformers as a solution to both of these problems; but it was also, as we shall see, contested in these terms as well. The framing of the body politic as corrupted by ‘luxury’ and executive political manipulation and

in The many lives of corruption
Shirley’s and Davenant’s protectorate entertainments
Rachel Willie

necessary to prevent idleness and discontent while also maintaining a stock of healthy cannon fodder in the event of war.69 However, Davenant goes on to argue that performances are not only beneficial as a way to appease boredom (and thereby prevent revolution) but may also be a tool for political manipulation: If morall representations may be allow’d (being without obscenenesse, profaneness, and scandall) the first argument may consist of the Spaniards barbarous Conquests in the West Indies and of their several cruelties there exercis’d upon the subjects of this Nation

in Staging the revolution