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Duncan Morrow

degree to which political change in recent years has promoted reconciliation. While there is no doubt that there have been major achievements in reducing violence and creating shared institutions, the challenges of reconciliation remain. The chapter concludes that Northern Ireland has the characteristics of a society caught between truce and transformation, which is evident in the weakness of

in Everyday life after the Irish conflict
Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

At the heart of all efforts to bring about reconciliation in post-conflict societies is the question of how to deal with the victims of violence. The resolution of this issue is often considered the litmus test of a successful peace endeavour for societies emerging from conflict. Irrespective of whether restorative or retributive forms of justice are applied to a conflict, the recognition

in Conflict to peace
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Marco Barducci

relations between Independents and Presbyterians in Parliament between 1648 and 1649, reconstructing in detail their several attempts at political and religious reconciliation. Shortly after the trial and execution of Charles I in January 1649, which brought about the change of English monarchy into Republic, the Rump Parliament started a politics of appeasement towards moderate Presbyterian MPs, agreeing

in Order and conflict
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The enigmas of Saint Bartholomew’s Day
Arlette Jouanna

acceptance of confessional duality. These oscillations arose out of the choices that alternatively faced the King, the Queen Mother and the leading members of their entourage. For these Catholics, there were only two conceivable solutions to the religious division. The first was to temporise, which meant the provisional acceptance of peaceful co-existence between the two confessions until the hoped-for reconciliation could come about by peaceful means within the bosom of the Roman church; all of the edicts of pacification, including that of Nantes, which brought the

in The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
Eşref Aksu

with the decision to create a Conciliation Commission, point to a crucial notion, which would assume increasing importance for the UN’s peacekeeping agenda, namely national (re)conciliation. During the Congo episode, the UN gradually began to define its role as a comprehensive conciliator. A growing number of states endorsed, implicitly or explicitly, an unprecedented role for the UN, that is, creating

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
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State-enforced agency
Michael Rush

‘American exceptionalism’ (Levmore, 2003:204). Non-resident fathers and the child support enforcement regime When President Bill Clinton promised to ‘end welfare as we know it’ with the introduction of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, he stressed that child support payments from non-resident fathers were a central plank of American welfare reforms. Specifically, President Clinton said that ‘if every parent paid the child support they should … we could move 800,000 women and children off welfare immediately’ (Hansen

in Between two worlds of father politics
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Paul Reilly

’ use of social media to contest their legitimacy. Facebook, Twitter and YouTube were ‘battlegrounds’ in which citizens disputed the perceived grievances of working-class loyalist communities who felt left behind by the Stormont Assembly and that their culture was under attack by ‘Sinn Féin/IRA’ and the ‘PSNIRA’. #Flegs demonstrated how affective publics, ‘discursively rendered’ by the shared emotions communicated via Twitter hashtags ( Papacharissi, 2014 ), militate against efforts to promote reconciliation within a deeply divided society. The affective dimension

in Digital contention in a divided society
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German–Israeli relations between past and future
Lorena De Vita

in the region (and beyond) was crucially shaped by the competition with its former nemesis, especially in the first two decades of its existence. The analysis of this seminal period in the evolution of German–Israeli relations in particular, and of German foreign policy more broadly, is therefore not only crucial to understanding the Cold War and Germany’s role within it – both in the respective bloc and in the Middle East – but it also offers a new lens for understanding contemporary political developments. Processes of (inter)national reconciliation

in Israelpolitik
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South African fiction in the interregnum
Tim Woods

class and gender rather than race (Ngcobo 1992 : 167). With the world transfixed upon this experiment in national ‘reconciliation’, part of whose laboratory has been the national public hearings as well as legal proceedings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the social transformation has been constantly cast in the metaphor of healing a national trauma. As writers who have been part of that

in African pasts
Sophie Haspeslagh

. But the intense polarisation and stigmatisation accompanying the terrorist framing still remained an issue for the ongoing transition of the listed armed group into political life and for longer-term reconciliation efforts in Colombia. This raises questions regarding the concept of the ‘linguistic ceasefire’. Is it just an elite-level pact to get negotiations off the ground? How far and by whom does

in Proscribing peace