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Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
The myths of modernity
Author: S.J. Barnett

This book offers a critical survey of religious change and its causes in eighteenth-century Europe, and constitutes a challenge to the accepted views in traditional Enlightenment studies. Focusing on Enlightenment Italy, France and England, it illustrates how the canonical view of eighteenth-century religious change has in reality been constructed upon scant evidence and assumption, in particular the idea that the thought of the enlightened led to modernity. For, despite a lack of evidence, one of the fundamental assumptions of Enlightenment studies has been the assertion that there was a vibrant Deist movement which formed the “intellectual solvent” of the eighteenth century. The central claim of this book is that the immense ideological appeal of the traditional birth-of-modernity myth has meant that the actual lack of Deists has been glossed over, and a quite misleading historical view has become entrenched.

Norman Bonney

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/03/2013, SPi 8 Monarchy and religion in Canada, Australia and the Commonwealth The discussion turns to consider the evidence of the patterns of religious affiliation and belief to be found among all the realms of the monarch with a view to determining their compatibility with the inherited religious rituals of accession and coronation or possible successor forms. Consideration is also given as to the question of the continued viability of collective ritual for all the realms and the possibility of there being individualised

in Monarchy, religion and the state
Globalising kosher and halal markets
Authors: John Lever and Johan Fischer

Over the last two decades, global demand for kosher products has been growing steadily, and many non-religious consumers view kosher as a healthy food option: in the US over 60 per cent of kosher food consumption is linked to non-religious values associated with health and food quality. This book explores the emergence and expansion of global kosher and halal markets with a particular focus on the UK and Denmark. While Kosher is a Hebrew term meaning 'fit' or 'proper', halal is an Arabic word that literally means 'permissible' or 'lawful'. The book discusses the manufacture and production of kosher and halal meat (both red meat and poultry) with specific reference to audits/inspections, legislation, networking, product innovation and certification. It draws on contemporary empirical material to explore kosher and halal comparatively at different levels of the social scale, such as individual consumption, the marketplace, religious organisations and the state. It compares the major markets for kosher/halal in the UK with those in Denmark, where kosher/halal are important to smaller groups of religious consumers. Denmark plays an important role in biotechnology that is compatible with what we call kosher/halal transnational governmentality. The book explores how Jewish and Muslim consumers in the UK and Denmark understand and practice kosher consumption in their everyday lives. It also explores how 'compound practice' links eating with issues such as health and spirituality, for example, and with the influence of secularism and ritual.

Irish migrants negotiating religious identity in Britain
Louise Ryan

M&H 03_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:15 Page 55 3 Exploring religion as a bright and blurry boundary: Irish migrants negotiating religious identity in Britain Louise Ryan We were very holy in those days. (Dympna, nurse, migrated 1950s) I used to go to church every morning, I was holy in those days, to the Brompton Oratory. (Fiona, nurse, migrated 1950s) This chapter uses the sociological concept of boundaries to explore the processes through which migrants may be included in or excluded from national, ethnic and religious collectivities. In so doing, the discussion

in Women and Irish diaspora identities
A political history
Author: Sarah Glynn

This exploration of one of the most concentrated immigrant communities in Britain combines a new narrative history, a theoretical analysis of the evolving relationship between progressive left politics and ethnic minorities, and a critique of political multiculturalism. Its central concern is the perennial question of how to propagate an effective radical politics in a multicultural society: how to promote greater equality that benefits both ethnic minorities and the wider population, and why so little has been achieved. It charts how the Bengali Muslims in London’s East End have responded to the pulls of class, ethnicity and religion; and how these have been differently reinforced by wider political movements. Drawing on extensive recorded interviews, ethnographic observation, and long sorties into the local archives, it recounts and analyses the experiences of many of those who took part in over six decades of political history that range over secular nationalism, trade unionism, black radicalism, mainstream local politics, Islamism, and the rise and fall of the Respect Coalition. Through this Bengali case study and examples from wider immigrant politics, it traces the development and adoption of the concepts of popular frontism and revolutionary stages theory and of the identity politics that these ideas made possible. It demonstrates how these theories and tactics have cut across class-based organisation and acted as an impediment to tackling cross-cultural inequality; and it argues instead for a left alternative that addresses fundamental socio-economic divisions.

Re-examining popular movements
Biswamoy Pati

5 ‘Religion’ and social ‘subversion’: re-examining popular movements1 In some of the garhjats neighbouring Cuttack a new dharma has emerged. Its name is Mahima Dharma .  .  . This Dharma does not accept caste and prohibits any form of ritualistic worship and its followers accept only the supreme-being . . . 2 Utkala Dipika, 1 June 1867 [T]he abnormal increase of rent . . . [in Gangpur] . . . engendered intense popular discontent amongst the Christians . . . [who] on account of Christian ideals and influence of missionaries . . . refused to pay bribes and

in South Asia from the margins
Jennifer Mori

9 War, ethnography and religion In the last chapter of the British Diplomatic Service, Horn listed many of the novels, essays, pamphlets and books sponsored or produced by members of the foreign service. These ranged from an illustrated Views in Egypt to an account of the madness of George III. Horn was deterred from analysing them in any depth because few dealt in any way with international politics.1 What officials had to contribute to the republic of letters in its own right was not a subject that much interested him, nor were the intellectual and cultural

in The culture of diplomacy
A gendered divide in Victorian society
Diana Donald

4 The ‘two religions’:  a gendered divide in Victorian society T wo contrasting images expose a fault line that runs through attitudes to animals in Victorian Britain. In May 1873, the RSPCA’s journal Animal World decorated its front page with an engraving of Queen Victoria and Princess Beatrice in the cottage of ‘an old Highland woman’ (­figure  13). One of the Queen’s many dogs, an adopted collie of ‘doubtful character’, is menacing the old woman’s cat, but the Princess, graciously directed by her mother, wards off his attack with her parasol. The royal

in Women against cruelty (revised edition)