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Mariela Breen-Smyth

Contemporary insecurities Mamdani (2002) argues that the ability to see ‘terrorism’ as a ‘new’ problem that began in September 2001 is dependent on an ahistoricism that denies more recent histories. Organisations such as al Qaida are not purely products of ‘radical Islam’ but co-productions of interrelationships with the West. Al Qaida was born of local political conditions and rivalries between Muslims and co-opted and deployed by the US in the past to serve its anti-Soviet political projects. During the Cold War, the ‘other’ was largely separated from

in Encountering extremism
Conor Gearty

Terror and terrorism For many years I worried with all the other so-called ‘terrorism experts’ about the fact that there was no proper, objective definition of terrorism. I even abandoned a law textbook I planned on the subject on account of the inadequacy of my introductory chapter. In the end I wrote a book on terrorism that was more about language and the power of labels than it was about killing and kidnapping. 1 This was because it had eventually dawned on me that the whole point of the subject of terrorism was that there was no definition

in ‘War on terror’
The weapon of the weakest?
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

5 Terrorism after wars: the weapon of the weakest? We have come across a number of instances in which serious terrorist violence followed rather than preceded insurgencies. Much of the writing on the subject has suggested that terrorism is used during an early attentiongetting stage of an insurgency (see Chapter 3). In this chapter we investigate circumstances in which terrorist violence appears to follow or increase toward the end of an internal war. Unlike wars between states, internal wars are usually depicted as fights to the finish: either the challengers

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
Hussein Solomon

in South Africa, 6 as new recruits were trained in the deadly arts accompanying the rise of militant Islam across the African continent. For all these reasons, an effective counterterrorism policy is essential. If one examines the country's legislative framework, on the face of it South Africa does have a clear and comprehensive counterterrorism strategy. The US State Department's June 2015 Country Reports on Terrorism argues that the South African Police Service (SAPS) Crime Intelligence Division, the Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation, the

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
Jack Holland

president to use America’s military might because, ultimately, ‘It’s what our fathers taught us’? 6 These shows make powerful, resonant, and consequential discursive interventions into policy debates, as is demonstrated by the fact it was to these shows that these three giants of American politics turned in explaining their lives and the challenges facing the US and its government. This chapter traces the interventions and impact of Homeland, 24 , and The West Wing on America’s world politics, with a particular focus on how Americans think and feel about counter-terrorism

in Fictional television and American Politics
Senia Febrica

Defense Department affirmed Southeast Asia as a crucial front in the War on Terror (WoT). The Principal Director for South and Southeast Asia in the US Department of Defense, Marine Brig. Gen. John Toolan, suggested that to win the fight against terrorism, Southeast Asia “has emerged quietly, but it is a crucial front in the long war” (US Department of Defense, 2007 ). Under this

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
A genealogy
Christopher Baker-Beall

2 Constructing the threat of terrorism in Western Europe and the European Union: a genealogy Introduction There can be little doubt that EU politicians and policy-makers view terrorism as one of the most pervasive threats to the security of the EU, its member states and its citizens. Speaking in 2008, the EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator (EU CTC) Gilles de Kerchove made this case by arguing that ‘terrorism remains the most significant actual threat facing democratic societies’.1 Drawing upon a ‘biological life’ metaphor, de Kerchove went on to state that the

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
A case study of MUHURI and HAKI Africa
Oscar Gakuo Mwangi

Introduction Kenya began prioritizing counter-terrorism efforts following the 9/11 attacks. The implementation of post-9/11 repressive state-led measures have led to the securitization of civil society organizations (CSOs) involved in counter-terrorism efforts in Kenya. The state socially constructs CSOs that advocate the rights of communities

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Zoha Waseem

Introduction Despite its position as a principal actor in the global war on terrorism since 2001, Pakistan has not adequately implemented counter-terrorism and security policies. Following the attacks on the Army Public School (APS) in Peshawar in 2014, Pakistan’s first official counter-terrorism policy, the National Action Plan (NAP), was

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Christian Kaunert

The European Union and the advent of international terrorism Amongst scholars of EU counter-terrorism, there are diverging opinions as to which extent EU competences matter in the fight against the global terrorist threat (Reinares, 2000 ; Dubois, 2002 ; den Boer and Monar, 2002 ; Mitsilegas and Gilmore, 2007; Occhipinti, 2003; Deflem, 2006 ; Bures, 2006, 2008

in European internal security