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Alexander Spencer

German narratives of the pirate in Somalia 47 narrative told by some think tanks and academics which links pirates to terrorists, while the fourth part shows that despite the logic of the arguments made, this narrative has difficulty in gaining prominence in the media and amongst politicians in Germany as it stands in too stark a contrast to dominant romantic understandings. An analysis of parliamentary debates on the issue of piracy shows that while the terrorism–piracy link was briefly mentioned in 2008 it quickly disappeared, while romantic elements and in

in Romantic narratives in international politics
Stanley R. Sloan

this traditional challenge is joined by others including radical extremist terrorism, continued Middle Eastern turbulence, refugees flowing out of North Africa and the Middle East, and a more subtle and emerging threat from another major international power: China. Among NATO and EU member states, the ones closest to Russia undoubtedly feel that their existence as free, democratic nations could be in jeopardy. For NATO and EU countries along Europe’s southern rim, the new threats and their consequences emerging in North Africa and the Middle East have been judged

in Defense of the West (second edition)
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Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

Introduction Most observers cannot help but notice that each of the major armed conflicts that occurred during the 1990s and the first decade of the present century – Bosnia, Kosovo, Chechnya, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria – has involved the use of terrorism by one or more of the contestants, at one time or another. Conflicts involving armed non-state actors challenging states and each other have become the main form of warfare thus far in the new millennium. The main participants are insurgents and counterinsurgents. Their conflicts are primarily internal

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
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Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

seems to have made a considerable contribution to the securitisation of the media sphere and to the perception that media freedom in contemporary Russia is deteriorating. Securitising the legal framework: the media and terrorism Media coverage of terrorist activities and anti-terrorist operations is, unsurprisingly, at the forefront of official concerns which have led to attempts at tightening Russian media legislation. This ‘threat’ predictably has been framed in a considerably more securitised discourse than the discourse on the media and elections which we

in Securitising Russia
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Enhancing India–U.S. intelligence cooperation
Saikat Datta

the “U.S. might be constrained to act against Pakistan and India for indulging in acts of terrorism against each other.” 28 The fact that Raman was called for the briefing was also due to his position as the head of R&AW’s “Special Operations” 29 desk that primarily worked on Pakistan-related work. This is a significant detail that establishes Raman’s long-held suspicions of U.S. intentions in South Asia. However, Raman’s frustration epitomizes the strained relationship between the Indian and American intelligence

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
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The EU and the governance of European security
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

networked terrorism is not sourced from a specific region and cannot be reliably reduced to an identifiable set of individual actors with a fixed abode. The European Security Strategy (ESS), adopted by the Thessoloniki European Council in December 2003, singled out terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, regional conflicts, state failure and organised crime as

in EU security governance
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Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

addresses a range of empirical state capabilities, which are grounded in the concept of “positive sovereignty” or the state proactively providing for citizens’ needs. And while the concept of “state failure” or “failing states” is much debated among academics (and will not be resolved here), the consequences of such failure are all too real, especially in Africa. Endemic violence, ethnic and religious tensions, rampant human rights abuses, rising terrorism and crime, along with a lack of legitimacy and political inclusion, as well as an inability to exercise effective

in African security in the twenty-first century
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Lee Jarvis and Michael Lister

-profile assassinations, the restructuring of security bureaucracies, vast financial expenditure and much else besides have served similarly to keep the latter at the forefront of political debate. Within the UK, but beyond this as well, a concerted attempt to uprate and enhance existing anti-terrorism 1 powers has formed a major part of this dynamic, with four separate Acts of Parliament introduced between 2001 and

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
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Lee Jarvis and Michael Lister

At the book’s outset, we identified four research questions underpinning our exploration of anti-terrorism powers, citizenship and security in the United Kingdom. First, how are contemporary anti-terrorism powers understood, assessed and discussed by different publics across the UK? Second, how do anti-terrorism powers affect the experience of citizenship within the UK

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
Arabs, Israelis, and the limits of military force
Author: Jeremy Pressman

The Arab–Israeli conflict has been at the centre of international affairs for decades. Despite repeated political efforts, the confrontation and casualties continue, especially in fighting between Israelis and Palestinians. This new assessment emphasizes the role that military force plays in blocking a diplomatic resolution. Many Arabs and Israelis believe that the only way to survive or to be secure is through the development, threat, and use of military force and violence. This idea is deeply flawed and results in missed diplomatic opportunities and growing insecurity. Coercion cannot force rivals to sign a peace agreement to end a long-running conflict. Sometimes negotiations and mutual concessions are the key to improving the fate of a country or national movement. Using short historical case studies from the 1950s through to today, the book explores and pushes back against the dominant belief that military force leads to triumph while negotiations and concessions lead to defeat and further unwelcome challenges. In The sword is not enough, we learn both what makes this idea so compelling to Arab and Israeli leaders and how it eventually may get dislodged.