55 Roger Manning, Village Revolts: Social Protests and Popular Disturbances in England, 1509–1640 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), pp. 237–8.
56 John Bossy, The English Catholic Community, 1570–1850 (London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1975), pp. 37–8.
57 Kaushik, ‘Resistance, loyalty and recusant politics’, pp. 37–72.
58 Anne Hughes, ‘Warwickshire on the eve of the Civil War: a “countycommunity”?’, Midland History 7 (1982), p. 51.
59 For a recent
’, pp. 136–7. For evidence of the
persistence of local sales into the eighteenth century, see N. J. G. Pounds, ‘Food production and distribution in pre-industrial Cornwall’, in W. Minchinton (ed.), Population
and Marketing; Two Studies in the History of the Southwest (Exeter Papers in Economic
History, 11, 1976), p. 120.
72 Thirsk and Cooper (eds), Seventeenth-Century Economic Documents, p. 344; A. Fletcher,
A CountyCommunity in Peace and War: Sussex, 1600–1660 (London, 1975), p. 151. Local
sales to labourers were speciﬁcally exempted from orders to sell all grain in
machinery of the “commune petition” in the fourteenth
century’, EHR , 56 (1941), 198–233, 549–70;
J. R. Maddicott, ‘The countycommunity and the making of
public opinion in fourteenth century England’, TRHS 5th
series, 28 (1978), 27–43.
Musson and Ormrod, Evolution , pp.
146–57; Ross, Edward IV
The 1341 Royal Inquest in Lincolnshire ,
ed. B. W. McLane, Lincoln Record Society, 78 (1988).
G. L. Harriss, King, Parliament and Public
Finance in Medieval England to 1369 (Oxford, Clarendon
Press, 1975), pp. 405–10; W. N. Bryant, ‘The financial
dealings of Edward III with the county
Payling, ‘Law and arbitration’,
150–51; S. J. Payling, ‘Arbitration, perpetual entails
and collateral warranties in late medieval England: a case
study’, JLH , 13 (1992), 32–62.
Rawcliffe, ‘Commercial disputes’, p.
110; M. J. Bennett, ‘A countycommunity: social cohesion
Political communication and the rise of the agent in seventeenth-century England
in the wake of provocative claims about the importance of the ‘countycommunity’ and of localism. Scribal documents and printed pamphlets have
been used to demonstrate the degree to which national issues penetrated
into local cultures and society, the degree to which people across the country
were engaged with, and able to follow, national affairs and the degree to
which local people could influence national affairs, as authors, petitioners
and lobbyists. Recent work on political communication, in other words, has
detected important shifts in the kinds of
paid dividends of up to 10 per cent, although free admission seems to have been
as great an attraction. In the nineteenth century, when most courses were unenclosed, upper- and middle-class groups had provided subscriptions to the race
meetings. By the interwar period this practice had died out on flat courses,
which were almost all enclosed and reliant on entrance money through the
turnstiles. The traditional pattern continued, however, in the smaller National
Hunt courses, where elite patronage allowed status positioning within the
exhaustively explored: see C. Holmes, ‘The countycommunity in Stuart historiography’, The Journal of British Studies 19 (1980), pp. 54–73.
2 V. Morgan, ‘The cartographic image of “the country” in early modern England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th Series 29 (1979), pp. 129–54; Cliffe, The Yorkshire Gentry, pp. 20–4.
3 Gerard, Dorset, p. 35; Carew, Cornwall, p. 138.
4 Compare the introductions of Staffs. C.R.O. D649/4/2, and Burton, Revised; Williams,
‘William Burton’s 1642 revised edition of the Description of Leicestershire’, pp. 30–6.
5 M. Aston
Jury, pp. 58–60.
29 Herrup, ‘Law and morality’, 108; Hindle, State and Social Change, pp. 20, 28–9;
Goldie, ‘The unacknowledged republic’, pp. 153–94.
30 CALS QJB, 1/5, fos 435, 485, 529; QJF 70/1, no. 59; J. H. E. Bennett and J. C.
Dewhurst (eds), Quarter Sessions Records, with Other Records of the Justices of the
Peace for the County Palatine of Chester, 1559–1760 (Record Society of Lancashire
and Cheshire, 94, 1940), pp. 97–9.
31 Holmes, ‘Countycommunity’, pp. 54–73.
32 CALS QJB 1/5, 1/6.
33 Morrill, Cheshire Grand Jury, pp. 14–15; Morrill
such as the Pilot Area Development Programme (Scully 1968)
recently launched to tackle the chronic problems facing small farmers in western
counties. Community development was, therefore, ‘being increasingly accepted
in Ireland as a most useful instrument not only by some rural organisations but
by the Government itself and by some of the service agencies (notably Bord
Failte and the Agricultural Advisory Services)’ and ‘it would be tragic if this commitment were not supported by the most effective possible organisation to link
the voluntary and public bodies’. The