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Colonial policing and the imperial endgame 1945–80

The Colonial Police Service was created in 1936 in order to standardise all imperial police forces and mould colonial policing to the British model. This book is the first comprehensive study of the colonial police and their complex role within Britain's long and turbulent process of decolonisation, a time characterised by political upheaval and colonial conflict. The emphasis is on policing conflict rather than the application of British law and crime-fighting in an imperial context. The overlapping between the Irish-colonial and Metropolitan-English policing models was noticeable throughout the British Empire. The policing of Canada where English and Irish styles of policing intermingled, in particular after 1867 when Canada became a nation in its own right with the passage of the British North America Act. Inadequate provisions for the localisation of gazetted officers within most colonies prior to independence led to many expatriates being asked to remain in situ. Post-war reform included the development of police special branches, responsible for both internal and external security. From the British Caribbean to the Middle East, the Mediterranean to British Colonial Africa and on to Southeast Asia, colonial police forces struggled with the unrest and conflict that stemmed from Britain's withdrawal from its empire. A considerable number of them never returned to Britain, settling predominantly in Kenya, South Africa, Australia and Canada. Policing the immediate postcolonial state relied on traditional colonial methods. The case of the Sierra Leone Police is revealing in a contemporary context.

Matthew M. Heaton

different value judgements placed on this cooperation. See, for example, Markia Sherwood, ‘Elder Dempster and West Africa 1891–c.1940: The Genesis of Underdevelopment’, International Journal of African Historical Studies , 30, 1993 , pp. 253–76 for a particularly negative spin, while P.N. Davies, ‘The Impact of the Expatriate Shipping Lines

in Beyond the state
Abstract only
Anna Bocking-Welch

beyond the governing elite. Imperial decline stimulated productive and optimistic discussions – alongside those that were anxious and regretful – within middle-class communities in industrial towns, in isolated villages, in seaside expatriate havens, in churches, chapels, school assembly rooms, town halls, and sitting rooms across Britain. Notes 1 School of African and Oriental Studies (hereafter

in British civic society at the end of empire
Joseph Hardwick

’, 63; Thompson, ‘The languages of loyalism’, 628–9; J. Lambert, ‘“The Last Outpost”: the Natalians, South Africa, and the British Empire’, in R. Bickers (ed.), Settlers and Expatriates: Britons over the seas (Oxford, 2010), pp. 150–76 . 107 Thompson, ‘The languages of loyalism’, 622. 108 W. Macrorie, National Calamities (Pietermaritzburg, 1873) . 109 Giliomee, Afrikaners , p. 226. 110

in Prayer, providence and empire
Anna Bocking-Welch

religious life. As with the Colonial Civil Service, decolonisation forced many missionaries to leave posts across the British Empire, contributing to the broader movement of return-migration discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 . The expatriate experience of these missionaries was not uniform, but it shaped the domestic experience of decolonisation in significant ways. Missionaries redeployed their energies in a range of geographic and employment fields: many returned to posts in small, rural English parishes; others travelled to evangelise in communist countries in Eastern

in British civic society at the end of empire
Anna Bocking-Welch

in Chapter 2 , many of those who worked for the colonial administration towards the end of empire went on to become ‘experts’ in the international development movement. 44 Through Freedom from Hunger, the Department for Technical Cooperation, which had been established in 1961 to bring together expertise on colonial development, helped British-funded FFHC projects to recruit members of the expatriate civil service to work as experts overseas. 45 In addition to the many (ex)colonial ‘experts’ working on FFHC projects out in

in British civic society at the end of empire
Medicine and the knowledge economy in Asia
Andrew Mackillop

enlightenment as well as educational trends in Ireland. Greater attention to the city’s role does not diminish the provincial factors shaping the intersection between migration and enlightenment. The social networks that enabled the metropolitan phase often relied on expatriates and reinforced patterns of association based on local identities. 26 Equally, while there is no doubting the dynamism of educational provision in Scotland, the development of a knowledge economy centred on high-value human capital did not happen in isolation. 27 The European centres of learning

in Human capital and empire
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A colonial world
John Darwin

full use of it, we need to know more about the local ‘agents of empire’, the physical embodiment of the imperial project. These were the ‘imperial communities’ which form the subject of this book. By and large, they have been an unfashionable topic for serious historical research, except where settlers’ descendants have formed the majority population (as for example in North America or Australasia). Less earnest writers have been fascinated by the colourful antics of gilded expatriates – as in the numerous accounts of the

in New frontiers
Abstract only
Georgina Sinclair

so close to Young’s policing ethos. In a paramilitary force, the police constable generally operates as a member of a group under the direct orders of his superior officer. Within this colonial context, constables were recruited locally and officered by expatriates. In the absence of emergency legislation, the law governing the use of force was the same for both a civil-British and paramilitary

in At the end of the line
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Catherine Ladds

his mother that he had not lost sight of his national roots on immersion in the multinational environment of the Customs Service. This issue preoccupied Denby throughout his short Customs career. On taking up his appointment in 1887 he was concerned that his family would think ‘I had done a wrong thing in expatriating myself’ by joining the Chinese government’s employ. Furthermore, the cosmopolitanism

in Empire careers