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Abstract only
Tommy Dickinson

and suppression of the sexual deviant are examined in Chapter 1. The narrative of the ways in which homosexuals and transvestites have been regarded and treated by British society are explored and the introduction of aversion therapies for sexual deviance considered. The mixed and muddled messages nurses were receiving about these individuals are also discussed. During the 1930s–1950s, mental health care witnessed a spirit of ‘therapeutic optimism’ as new somatic treatments and therapies 27 ‘Curing queers’ were introduced in mental hospitals. Chapter 2 examines

in ‘Curing queers’
Transnational commercial surrogacy in Thailand
Elina Nilsson

requires the woman to navigate risks; both for herself and for the child she is gestating. Many women acting as surrogates lack follow-up physical and mental health care after delivery. This increases their health risks and bodily vulnerability (Khader, 2013 ). Together with the lack of informed consent, the ignoring of medical rights, the lack of information provided to the surrogates and the requirement to comply with any requests for foetal reduction, this illustrates how the surrogacy process reduced the women to their reproductive capacity and womb, rendering

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Recruitment and retention in mental health nursing in England, 1948-68
Claire Chatterton

bitterly fought against dilution schemes throughout the period under discussion. The early years of the NHS were marked by contentious debates about the necessary skill mix on the wards as assistant or enrolled nurses were introduced into mental health care. In 1943 the Nurses’ Act had provided a legislative framework that legitimated ‘a lower stratum of nursing labour, that would then free the student nurse to pursue an educationally orientated form of training’.60 Then, building on the recommendations of the Athlone Report (1945), experienced nursing orderlies and

in Mental health nursing
Surviving change c.1970-90
Duncan Mitchell

leaders. If they expected a bland ministerial delivery of the sort that was written for ministers by civil servants, they were in for a shock. Powell was concerned by the amount of beds taken up by mental health care and had been influenced by the mental hospitals that he had visited.18 He delivered a rallying call for the closure of the mental hospitals and their replacement by care in the community for those needing services: Now look and see what are the implications of these bold words. They imply nothing less than the elimination of by far the greater part of this

in Mental health nursing
Nikolas Rose

preventive intervention especially in families and schools, repeating the familiar argument that earlier is almost always better, and early intervention services are key. ‘Close treatment gaps’ by providing mental health care provisions locally in every community and thus improving access and impact, although a lot of the specific actions concern homelessness and opioid addiction. ‘Partner with communities’, embracing the wisdom and strength of local communities, to create effective and culturally competent solutions, which seems to amount to trying to create

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Pain in Dutch stock trade discourses and practices, 1600–1750
Inger Leemans

health care costs – little attention has been given to pain in economic theory and practice.2 Cultural histories of pain analyse the phenomenon in the context and terms of science, religion, politics, law, language, literature, arts, etc., but they seem to have little interest in the way pain might have functioned in the realm of commerce and trade, nor how economic discourses might have informed discourses on pain.3 This chapter will explore the role pain played in stock trade discourses in the early modern Dutch Republic. Did stock trade always hurt as much as it did

in The hurt(ful) body
Ben Harris

feared – the abandonment of moral treatment, a purely clinical approach to patients, huge custodial hospitals, and a sharply class-differentiated system of mental health care – all came to pass in the late nineteenth century. What might be styled a ‘cult of pessimism’ thoroughly supplanted the old cult of curability.26 The eclipse of moral therapy In the last two decades of the nineteenth century, the era of moral therapy ended in America. This happened as the spirit of the Kirkbride-style hospital was replaced by the custodial ethos of asylum bureaucracies, depriving

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
Abstract only
New Jersey, 1800–70
James Moran

(Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press, 2006), pp. 108–29; Steven Cherry, Mental Health Care in Modern England: The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum/St. Andrew’s Hospital c. 1810–1998 (Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2003), pp. 53–82; Ellen Dwyer, Homes for the Mad: Life Inside Two Nineteenth-Century Asylums (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1987); Nancy Tomes, A Generous Confidence: Thomas Story Kirkbride and the Art of Asylum-Keeping, 1840–1883 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), pp. 188–263, passim; James Moran, Committed to the State Lunatic Asylum: Insanity and

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
The policies of professionalisation in English mental hospitals from 1919 to 1959
John Hall

Manning, The Therapeutic Community Movement: Charisma and Routinisation (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1989). 34 Vicky Long, ‘Rethinking post-war mental health care: Industrial therapy and the chronic mental patient in Britain’, Social History of Medicine, 26:4 (2013), 738–58. 35 Maxwell Jones, ‘Industrial therapy of patients still in hospital’, Lancet, 2 (1956), 985. 36 Diane Waller, Becoming a Profession: History of Art Therapy in Britain, 1940–82 (London: Tavistock, 1991). 37 Nancy Wansbrough and Agnes Miles, Industrial Therapy in Psychiatric Hospitals (London

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
Marjo Kolehmainen

illustrated above (often mobile) technologies, platforms, software and applications in particular have been transformed into essential agents in the maintenance and implementation of mental health care. COVID-19 has enacted the agency of mundane, everyday objects in remarkable ways ( Sikka, 2021 ) and this also is evident in teletherapies. However, the increased reliance on

in Affective intimacies