, the highly educated profile of immigrant families means that they often possess the kinds of social and cultural capital valued by the school system. However, the ease with which immigrant-origin students settle in a school may vary across nationalities, linguistic or religious groups, and socialclass depending on various types of capital at their disposal. In other words, the extent to which immigrant-origin students are ‘insiders’ or ‘outsiders’ may vary across a number of characteristics. Some groups of young people can be particularly marginalised and
the murderer turns out to
be a woman, she is a background ﬁgure until the solution of the mystery.
Home Guard activities (patrols, guard duties and the successful capture
of a parachutist) are central to the action. Class issues have underpinned
the crime: the implied message is that class prejudices need to disappear
from Britain so that such tragedies are not repeated. But the conclusion
restores conventional gender relations.
In Murder in the Home Guard by Ruth Adam (1942), issues of socialclass are again at stake, but so are those of gender, and women are
law and lawyers
This argument is especially significant for Ireland where the relationship between the legal system, the British administration and the Irish
is central to its political status.7 Such discussions attempt to explain the
function, boundaries and legitimacy of ‘the law’ and its relationship to
the operation of power.
This chapter contributes to this discussion by exploring the ways
that, through legal practice, the law comes to embody particular social
relationships, notably those between coloniser and colonised, the socialclasses, and men and women
devices is embedded in and deeply affected by social, class and market
Sound, vibration, feeling and sounding
Extended perception rested upon techniques for sounding and feeling –techniques which drew upon a combination of hearing, whole-body feeling, ultra-sonic
machines, digital visual representations of sound, and the power and vibration
of internal combustion engines and hundreds of metres of steel wire. Fishermen
developed their own complex visualisations of what the seafloor and their fishing
gear looked like as it worked, but in this process they
The history of class struggle
‘The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggle.’
These words, surely the most famous about socialclass, open The Communist Manifesto (1848), the most influential work on class and class struggle in history.
The Manifesto has shaped how people have imagined class, both those who have accepted its broad-brush outline of history, as well as those hostile to its analysis, and
Monuments, memorials and their visibility on the metropole and periphery
, and thus a degree of
successful cultural and political assimilation, these sites
encountered very different readings and receptions. These varied
according to the political and social principles connected to the
rise of new socialclasses in both metropole and colony, and a
growing political and social division between the subjects/citizens
of the motherland and the inhabitants
The next Lansbury generation and Labour politics, 1881–1951
another, the majority of this Lansbury generation
was destined to play a part always on the left in British politics, often in
association with married partners and with others in the wider family
circle. Yet, in his 1928 autobiography, George Lansbury boldly claimed:
‘We never trained our children to be socialists’.
This chapter explores the predominant influences of family, socialclass and community that shaped the career paths, and the political and
social activism, of Bessie and George Lansbury’s family in British politics.
With merger through marriage
Adapting to Diversity implied that over-representation of newcomers within
such disadvantaged settings was an obstacle to integration but also, possibly,
a social-inclusion boon:
This suggests that some schools are dealing with, not only a larger proportion of
newcomer students, but also considerable literacy, numeracy, behavioural and
attendance difficulties, and a high proportion of other disadvantaged groups like
travellers, which could place a considerable burden on their resources. There is
also a possibility that newcomer students may raise
However, considerably different policies for institutionalisation and drink control were implemented in each era, resulting in disparate impacts on people's lives, depending on their socialclass and gender. In the late nineteenth century, private medical retreats were licensed for voluntary treatment of affluent, male inebriates.
The disease concept of inebriety served the interests of both psychiatrists and those families who sought relief from the social stigma associated with alcoholism. After the turn of the
reporter in Pistoleiro bossa nova (Bossa
Nova Gunman, 1960), set in the one-horse town of Desespero, who represents
the newspaper A Voz do Desespero (literally ‘The Voice of Despair’).
The chanchadas thus got their own back on the relentless savaging
that they received from film critics in the press.
The dialogues of these comedy films repeatedly used language
as a marker of socialclass, and the penchant of social climbers