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Helen Thompson

M1218 - THOMPSON TXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7.3 10/3/08 13:10 Page 18 1 The modern democratic nation-state For Machiavelli and his heirs, reason of state was prudent politics for princes and republics in competition for territory and power at home and abroad using violence. By the time the first aspects of what were to become modern democratic nation-states were emerging during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the domestic and external conditions in which the authority and power of any state had to be realised were very different. That change began with

in Might, right, prosperity and consent
Katy Hayward

M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 27/1/09 13:23 Page 18 2 Nation-state and European Union The purpose of this chapter is to elaborate in detail the theoretical basis for the application of the triform model – identity, borders and governance – to the nation-state and the European Union. Theories of nationalism and European integration are examined in three sections. The first section sets out a constructivist/modernist conception of official nationalism and nation-statehood, which traditionally frames a political system in a triform model of ‘nation

in Irish nationalism and European integration
Hilary Charlesworth
Christine Chinkin

Introduction Statehood confers the capacity to claim rights and duties under international law. 1 Other entities, such as individuals and international inter-governmental and NGOs, can assert some degree of international personhood for particular purposes, but the state is considered the most complete expression of international legal personality. 2 The state

in The boundaries of international law
Risks and opportunities for conflict transformation
Maéva Clément
Anna Geis
, and
Hanna Pfeifer

Introduction Internal wars are the prevalent contemporary type of violent conflict (Sarkees and Wayman 2010 ). Many violent conflicts involve armed non-state actors (ANSAs) such as insurgents, rebels, guerrillas, warlords, militias, paramilitaries and private security companies. In addition, the so-called ‘global war on terrorism’ indicates that transnational terrorist networks are considered to be one of the major security threats today. Whatever label is used for a certain armed actor by a government, official

in Armed non-state actors and the politics of recognition

On 25 January 1474, in Dijon, Charles the bold, robed in silk, gold and precious jewels, wearing a headpiece giving the illusion of a crown, expressed cryptically in front of his subjects his desire to become a king. Three years later, the battle of Nancy, taking Charles to his death, plunged the Great Principality of Burgundy into the drama of its split. This book, innovative and essential, not only explores Burgundian historiography and history but offers a complete synthesis about the nature of politics in this space considered from both the north and the south. Focusing on political ideologies, the book’s scope is wide-ranging and raises a number of important issues about the nature of the medieval state, the signification of the nation under the Ancien Regime, the role of warfare in the creation of political power, the impact of political loyalties in the exercise of government and even the place of symbolic communication and geographical knowledge in a wide territory lying from northern county of Holland to the southern grapevines of Mâcon. In examining all these issues, the book challenges a number of existing ideas about the Burgundian state. Questioning the means to create a viable political community, it offers a completely new interpretation of Burgundian history in the later Middle Ages, and new ideas also relevant to the historians of other European states in the later Middle Ages.

Kelly-Kate Pease

States have been, and continue to be, the main actors engaged in human rights and humanitarian diplomacy. One of the central attributes of being a state is the ability to recognize other states and enter into formal diplomatic relations with each other. This involves exchanging ambassadors, opening embassies and consulates, and creating international law (the formal rules and principles that govern the relations and the behavior of states). States are the main subjects of international law in that they possess international legal personality . This

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Hungarian Jewry and the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria- Hungary
Rebekah Klein-Pejšová

Hungarian Jewry and the wartime crisis in Austria-Hungary v 7 v Between refugees and the state: Hungarian Jewry and the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria-Hungary1 Rebekah Klein-Pejšová Introduction Galician Jews crossed the border by the thousands into the Kingdom of Hungary when Russian troops advanced on the Eastern Front in September 1914. They fled from the Russian army, aware of the fate of Jews in Russia’s western borderlands expelled en masse from their homes and sent deep into the interior of the empire by military commanders fearful of breaches

in Europe on the move
Sagarika Dutt

3 Identities and the Indian state 1 The study of Indian politics has traditionally centred on the political system: government, political parties, elections and so on. However, a strong central government, a dirigiste state and the dominance of the Congress Party promoted a strong national focus. Globalization and economic liberalization has changed all that. A decentralization of power is taking place. And, as regions and constituent states of the Indian union are beginning to compete with one another for investment in their economic development,2 regionalism

in India in a globalized world
Becky Taylor

6 Travellers and the welfare state In this chapter I explore how the post-war welfare state changed the ideological context in which Travellers existed. I consider how the ethos of citizenship was deployed in relation to the idea of a modern, reconstructing Britain, and how this fed into the establishment of the welfare state.1 While Travellers saw participation in the war effort as the ‘qualifier’ for full inclusion in the new benefits, bureaucrats saw citizenship as consisting of a wider set of responsibilities. This attitude combined with old prejudices

in A minority and the state
Norman Bonney

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/13/2013, SPi 1 Secularisation, religion and the state This chapter introduces a discussion of a fundamental paradox concerning contemporary society and government in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) – that while there is strong evidence of continuing trends towards a more secular and less religious society and pattern of social behaviour, at the same time, religious doctrines, rituals and institutions are central to the legitimacy, stability and continuity of key elements of the constitutional and

in Monarchy, religion and the state