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Scripts for slavery’s endings
Anita Rupprecht

secured in order for the Caribbean plantations to survive and prosper maybe hints at a long-held colonial anxiety that perhaps things might not work out. 77 from slavery to indenture Perhaps unexpectedly, Madden’s reflections about a possible conciliation between masters and workers leads him to eulogise about the success of Mathew Lewis’s so-called enlightened plantership in 1815 and 1817, instead of any earlier experiment in ‘freeing’ the enslaved. Lewis had (reluctantly) inherited two plantations, and when he arrived in Jamaica in 1815 he found his properties in

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
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Daniel Owen Spence

winning several prizes and leading the editor of the Naval Bulletin to commend ‘his style and ability as a coming journalist’. 42 In 1942 Germany launched Operation Neuland, deploying 27 U-boats in the Caribbean by June, and sinking 385 merchant vessels that year alone. 43 The need for naval expansion to combat the submarine threat came when Trinidadians were being

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
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Family legacies: after abolition
Katie Donington

’ commercial roots. Like his cousins George junior and Samuel, he invested in the insurance industry and acted as a Director of the Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation for over twenty years from the 1840s. William junior also sought to exploit the new opportunities offered by a timely expansion into different theatres of empire away from the Caribbean. He was a member of the Canada

in The bonds of family
Jamaican beauty competitions and the myth of racial democracy, 1955–64
Rochelle Rowe

entrants’ bodies, were paraded alongside each other to suggest a racially harmonious Jamaica. Thus as the islands of the British Caribbean grappled with the problem of how to stabilise the national image, out of Jamaican cultural nationalism, a solution, a multiracial, multi-competition with an audacious experimental air, was proudly put forward. Since their inception in 1929, beauty contests in Jamaica had emerged as deeply political ventures which staged idealised performances of femininity that were pointedly racialised and class-bound. Jamaica had seen the prewar

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
Sabine Clarke

The work of the CPRC to identify new uses for sugar was incorporated into Colonial Office plans to encourage industrial development in Britain’s Caribbean colonies. Expanding on its role as a sponsor of research at British universities, the CPRC created a new laboratory for sugar research in Trinidad in 1951 with the goal of inspiring West Indian sugar producers to diversify their interests and establish chemical factories in the Caribbean. A second laboratory was created in Trinidad to carry out research into microbiological problems

in Science at the end of empire
Anonymity, authority and mobility in the reception of William Macintosh’s Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa (1782)
Innes M. Keighren

treason having allegedly plotted with conspirators to establish an independent state in North America. 3 The highland Scot was William Macintosh, an erstwhile Caribbean planter turned global traveller and author whose efforts to furnish the British government with strategically valuable information during the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic Wars had earned him Napoleon’s antipathy. 4 In different ways, and for different reasons, Burr and Macintosh were personae non gratae ; they were exiles (respectively, voluntary and involuntary) whom fate and the

in Empire and mobility in the long nineteenth century
Douglas J. Hamilton

Islands After the failure of the Darien scheme to establish an independent Scottish Caribbean empire, a few survivors drifted across to Jamaica. One of the more prominent members of this small, wearied band was Colonel John Campbell. He arrived in Jamaica in 1700 and settled in the parish of St Elizabeth in the west of the island. He was one of the first Campbells in Jamaica; many others

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
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Ireland in the early English Atlantic world
David Brown

the Caribbean in the 1620s drew the English Atlantic colonies and plantation Ireland closer together. Tobacco, being a highly labour intensive crop, could not be serviced entirely with imported English labour. As some colonial investors owned plantations both in Ireland and in Virginia, and a small group of New English planters resident in Ireland also invested in the Atlantic colonies, it seemed natural to turn to Ireland to fill the gap as the demand for labour intensified in the 1620s. 4 The Virginia colony was nearly wiped out by a massacre of the colonists by

in Empire and enterprise
Women’s experiences of cocoa farming
Emma Robertson

production demands recognition of the intersections between capitalism, patriarchy and colonialism, and the effects of such structures on women’s lives. Before the establishment of the West African industry, women in South and Central America, and in the Caribbean, were already involved in diverse ways in the production and sale of cocoa to the western market. Again, there has been

in Chocolate, women and empire
Pratik Chakrabarti

The expansion of British naval interests in the Caribbean took place during Oliver Cromwell’s ‘Western Design’, which involved taking over many of Spain’s colonies in the Americas. The island of Jamaica was occupied in 1655 during this surge. The Anglo-Spanish rivalry had two main issues: the British attempt to intercept Spanish galleons on their way to or out of home, and thereby blocking the remittances of the King of Spain’s treasure. The other was to stop Spanish galleons and other ships before they reached

in Materials and medicine