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Anca Mihaela Pusca

non-existent in much of Central and Eastern Europe, or more specifically Romania. Those who are wealthy seek to maintain their wealth and often see giving it away as a threat. Wealth can be exchanged for services and only in very few instances is wealth given away for charity. The sense of responsibility to one’s neighbor or community has all but disappeared and people are reluctant to help each other. With prices on the rise and the prohibitive cost of apartments, young people are finding creative ways to make a life of their own: either sharing spaces with each

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment
Neo-colonialism encounters regionalism?
Mark Langan

world’s conscience”’, Guardian , 7 February 2002, [accessed 6 November 2017]. Millar, J. (2017) ‘Brexit’s Africa boost: UK will benefit from creative new trade deals, says Daniel Hannan’, Express , 16 July 2017, [accessed 30 August 2017]. Monteith, B. (2017) ‘Trade the immoral customs union for fruitful deals that benefit the developing world’, City A

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Tarja Väyrynen

for creative conflict resolution, researchers become involved in an action programme which offers them the opportunity to make observations of continuing processes of conflict and conflict resolution. Opinions vary as to what is the ultimate goal of third-party consultation. According to Burton, the goal is conflict resolution. Kelman, on the other hand, emphasises that the workshop is designed to promote

in Culture and international conflict resolution
Abstract only
Michelle Bentley

taboo were applied at the time. This was not a straight application of the taboo to a conflict scenario, but the innovative, creative, and manipulative exploitation of those ideas for the realisation of Obama’s self-interest. Strategic taboos Thus, the sheer extent of Obama’s strategic exploitation of the chemical weapons taboo to influence the scope

in Syria and the chemical weapons taboo
Peace-building in south-eastern Europe
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

Article 308 is known as the ‘residual powers clause’ and has been used to empower the creation of various agencies and initiatives that were neither originally envisioned by nor incorporated into the Treaties. Accordingly, rather than use Article 308 as a ‘codification of implied powers doctrine in its instrumental sense’, it has been employed in a creative and radical fashion. As

in EU security governance
Abstract only
Lorena De Vita

products promised to be cheaper and just as good. But there was a problem. A 1948 peace agreement signed between Finland and the Soviet Union committed the Helsinki government to hindering any future German rearmament plans. A Finnish–West German arms deal risked seriously irking the Soviets, with potentially disastrous consequences. How could the five avoid upsetting the Soviets and at the same time seal the deal between the Finnish firm and the West German Defence Ministry? Shlomo Zabludowicz suggested a creative answer to this thorny question. Polish

in Israelpolitik
Abstract only
Lorena De Vita

more than thirty books and sixty screenplays, free to move between East and West Germany, and one of the very few East Germans to be able to indulge in a passion for expensive cars, Kaul demonstrated a creative approach to agitprop that was possibly without equal in the workers’ and builders’ state. Just four days after Ben-Gurion’s announcement of the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem, Kaul had written to Heinz Stadler, one of Albert Norden’s closest collaborators, pitching his ideas about how to approach the upcoming event. 44 ‘I have had the impression that

in Israelpolitik
The case of the Group for Social Dialogue
Anca Mihaela Pusca

to be developed in much of post-communist Central and Eastern Europe.10 The idea that civil society was the easy solution to just about every bump in the road to democratization caused all creative efforts to go into figuring out how this could be achieved. The idealization of civil society and the role that it can play in bringing about harmony in society conveniently helped to simplify and legitimize a series of international and national practices, including important economic and political reforms as well as international interventions in transitioning states

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment
Paul Midford

the foreign ministers of Japan, China and South Korea, where the final decision was reached to establish the APT summit. 17 Although the APT, with a regular Japan–ASEAN summit as one part, undoubtedly served Japan’s national interest, 18 it is also clear that this represented a polite and creative ASEAN rejection of Japan’s bid to re-establish a special ASEAN–Japan relationship. As Michael Green notes, ‘Though not exactly what Tokyo had in mind, Japan nevertheless joined the first official ASEAN Plus Three meeting in late 1997’ (Green

in Japan's new security partnerships