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Anthony Musson
Edward Powell

multifarious, encompassing both executive and judicial functions and requiring close liaison with the exchequer, chancery and the various courts. By the later fourteenth and fifteenth centuries sheriffs were changed annually, though reappointment in subsequent years (after a suitable interval) was common. 15 [ 7.11 ] The sheriff often bore the brunt of complaints of injustice on the one hand and inefficiency or incompetence on the other

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages
Abstract only
Chivalry, nationality and the man-at-arms
Simon Walker

acting as the earl of Northumberland’s attorney at the exchequer and, in the following December, Percy influence secured for Janico appointment as one of the English commissioners assigned to settle infractions of the fragile Anglo-Scottish truce at a march day. 48 Henry of Lancaster was enough of an idealist to appreciate the display of conspicuous fidelity that Janico had staged at Flint, however, and quickly welcomed his old acquaintance into the royal household. Retained by the new king in November 1399, all his fees were confirmed – including the 100 marks from

in Political culture in later medieval England
Service Family and Dependants’ Allowances, 1939 to 1945
Barbara Hately-Broad

night on the town. Secondly, they agreed to attempt to encourage troops to invest part of their pay in war bonds, insurance or army savings schemes. Although Sir Kingsley Wood, Chancellor of the Exchequer, saw these suggestions as being ‘very helpful’ in principle, their actual effectiveness is open to doubt.64 By September 1942, GIs were routinely spending two-thirds of their disposable pay and largely ignoring official saving schemes.65 Unfavourable comparisons were also made, both by the public and in the press, between service pay and that earned by civilian, and

in War and welfare
Simon Walker

protest against the ‘symbolic taxation’ that was exacted through demonstrations of public acquiescence to Henry’s authority, as dangerous in its way as the refusal to meet the actual fiscal demands of a Crown threatened by the rebellions of Henry Percy in 1403 and of Richard Scrope in 1405. The metaphorical connection between the two forms of resistance had been articulated as early as 1401, when Geoffrey Taylor predicted that the kingdom would be suddenly changed within two years, ‘as a tally in the Exchequer is changed’. 86 It follows from this that the Ricardian

in Political culture in later medieval England
Simon Walker

made to the justices suggest, though, that in practice they made little use of this opportunity. John Markham (JCB, 1396–1408) was paid for two sessions on the North Riding bench between 1397 and 1399, John Cokayn (chief baron of the Exchequer, 1400–6) for one session in the West Riding early in Henry IV’s reign, and William Gascoigne (CJKB, 1400–13), whose Yorkshire lands gave him more reason than any of the other assize judges to sit with the justices of the peace, was paid for only four sessions on the West Riding bench while Chief Justice. 44 To rely on the

in Political culture in later medieval England
The rise of the internationalists
Aeron Davis

again able to roam freely across the world, able to establish its own international operations and to restore its earlier ‘greatness’. 1 This vision stands in stark contrast to two alternative but overlapping internationalist views. One of these is deeply enshrined in the Exchequer. A strong part of the Treasury orthodoxy, going back to William Gladstone's time, is manifested in its support for free trade and anti-mercantilism. It is not that the Treasury is opposed to empire per

in Bankruptcy, bubbles and bailouts
J. A. Chandler

the Exchequer.41 Functions such as the education of the poor and health care of the destitute were transferred to other branches of the local authorities. In the context of health, this represented a considerable consolidation of local authority responsibility and the creation of a more uniformly administered health service at the local level. Despite its Conservative origins the 1929 Act in many of its aspects was welcomed by the Labour Party and was seen by the Webbs as a vindication of many elements of the minority report of the 1909 Poor Law Commission. Poor

in Explaining local government
The ‘mill-stone’
Andrekos Varnava

was deposited into a ‘special account’ in the Bank of England and applied to pay the Ottoman default. Morgan justified the tribute relieving French liabilities because it was ‘one of the first rules of equity’ that when a guarantor obtained the assets of the defaulted party it must be shared with any co-guarantor. 27 In November 1888, Goschen, now Chancellor of the Exchequer in Salisbury’s government

in British Imperialism in Cyprus, 1878–1915
Jemma Field

Anna’s collecting are particularly poorly evidenced and have contributed to her omission from the literature. What does survive are inventories of two of Anna’s main properties in England – Denmark House and Oatlands Manor – dating to the time of her occupancy. From these documents, coupled with entries found among the accounts of the pipe office, the queen’s receiver-general, and the exchequer, and commentary contained within ambassadorial dispatches, a firm image emerges of a consort who took a directorial role in the layout and furnishings of her main residences

in Anna of Denmark
Abstract only
Philippa Byrne

; serving both as a royal justice and Bishop of London. His Dialogue of the Exchequer (c.1180), explains the performance and routine of royal justice at the exchequer with explicit reference to the scriptural foundations of that justice. 24 It is not only Richard FitzNigel whose biography suggests at least a familiarity with moral arguments about justice. Eustace de Fauconberg (1170–1228), educated in either Paris or Bologna, served as a judge both at Westminster and on eyre, and followed a similar path to FitzNigel, as both treasurer of the exchequer and Bishop of

in Justice and mercy