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María Pilar Rodríguez

imposed by the Franco regime and to become European in every way possible – to the new writers and filmmakers of the 1990s, a decade defined ‘by a total absence of state, governmental, or global European-style projects other than that of monetary integration’ (Moreiras, 2000 : 35). By the mid-1990s, the lives of young people in Spain were very similar to those of their counterparts in the rest of the western world and there was

in Screening songs in Hispanic and Lusophone cinema
Paul Kennedy

relatively comfortable, middle-­class family – his mother was the daughter of a paediatrician and his father was a lawyer – Rodríguez Zapatero had little reason to sympathise with the Franco regime. His paternal grandfather, Juan Rodríguez Zapatero Lozano, a military officer and Socialist sympathiser, had been executed by Franco’s rebels a month after the uprising which sparked off the Civil War. The death left an indelible mark on the family, and Rodríguez Zapatero has indicated that his decision to join the PSOE was linked to the memory of his grandfather (Calamai and

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain
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Progressive ideology in a post­social democratic world?
Paul Kennedy

Spain’s transition to democracy was the so-­called ‘pacto de olvido’ whereby there existed – across the political spectrum – a tacit agreement not to engage in any claims concerning the violation of human rights under the Franco regime (Aguilar, 1996, 2002). There had been no official parliamentary condemnation of Franco’s coup, nor any tribute to Franco’s victims until Rodríguez Zapatero became Prime Minister. It was thought that any attempt to re-­visit the past, much less seek to call people to account for their actions during the Civil War and Francoist

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain
Paul Kennedy

objectives (Jiménez Redondo, 2006: 71–82). The PSOE shared Ortega y Gasset’s aphorism that Europe offered the solution to the historic problem of Spanish backwardness and isolation, a sense of being ‘different’ to the rest of the continent – as had been all too balefully illustrated during the Franco regime. The Spanish population shared the PSOE’s enthusiasm for Europe and concepts such as modernisation, welfare, pluralism and rationality became virtually synonymous with Spain’s Europeanisation. Moreover, although the end of the Cold War threatened to shift the European

in The Spanish Socialist Party and the modernisation of Spain
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

. García-Paramio, ‘Nurses for a new fatherland: gender and ideology in the health policies of the early Franco regime in Spain (1938–1942)’, Women’s History Magazine, 68 (2012), 33–41 and A.  Peters, ‘Nanna Conti:  the Nazis’ Reichshebammenfuehrerin (1841–1951)’, Women’s History Magazine, 65 (2011), 33–41. 37 A.  Hardy and E.  M. Tansy, ‘Medical enterprise and global response, 1945–2000’, in W.  F. Bynum, A.  Hardy, S.  Jacyna, C.  Lawrence and E.  M. Tansy, The Western Medical Tradition 1800 to 2000 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), p. 519. 38 M.  Vaughan, Curing Their Ills

in Colonial caring
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti, and Cecilia Sironi

Ispettorato Superiore Generale Servizi Militari, L’organizzazione sanitaria e la salute delle truppe, X. 19 Ispettorato Superiore Generale Servizi Militari, L’organizzazione sanitaria e la salute delle truppe, XI. 20 Ispettorato Superiore Generale Servizi Militari, L’organizzazione sanitaria e la salute delle truppe, XI. 21 M. E. Galiana-Sanchez, J. Bernabeu-Mestre and P. García-Paramio, ‘Nurses for a new fatherland: gender and ideology in the health policies of the early Franco regime in Spain (1938–1942)’, Women’s History Magazine, 68 (2012), 33–41. 22 Grace Baxter

in Colonial caring
Ellora Bennett

. Campos Pérez, ‘Representing the enemy. The iconography of the other in history schoolbooks during the first years of Franco's regime’, Contributions to the History of Concepts , 5 (2009), 140–61, here 141–2. 26 en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/enemy (accessed 27 March 2019). 27

in Early medieval militarisation
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David J. Bailey, Jean-Michel De Waele, Fabien Escalona, and Mathieu Vieira

electoral performance for the party since the establishment of democracy Introduction13 and the end of the Franco regime. Similarly, in Greece, Dimitri Sotiropoulos (Chapter 11) argues that PASOK’s implementation of austerity measures in an attempt to avoid a furthering of the country’s economic and fiscal crisis (combined with an absence of party structure or recognisable ideological profile) resulted in the party’s worst electoral performance ever – an event made more notable still by the fact that it followed a strong electoral victory only two years earlier. The

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Civil insecurity, democracy and the home
Tom Whittaker

Antifascista y Patriota [Revolutionary Antifascist Patriotic Front]), the revolutionary organisation deemed by the Franco regime to be a terrorist group. Imprisoned for his alleged involvement in a terrorist attack against two police officers, Moya is released along with several other political prisoners following the passing of the amnesty law of 1977. As the film suggests, Spain's political classes are, however, more concerned with the greater project of national reconciliation than addressing the material problems of youth unemployment and public insecurity. On its

in The Spanish quinqui film
Culture and community in the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia
Duncan Wheeler

emigrants’ bread they will eat? 108 This provides an ill fit with the folklorism cultivated by the Franco regime, and belongs to a literary tradition that hones in on the darkness conjured by poverty and ancestral forces alike. Eduardo Blanco Amor’s 1959 novel A esmorga ( On a Bender ), featuring a twenty-four-hour drinking spree that ends violently, was set in 1934 in an attempt to make it less of an obvious affront to the current regime, although the Galician

in Following Franco