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Open Access (free)
Fernando Espada

After three special issues of the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs – on humanitarianism and the end of liberal order, humanitarian security and humanitarian innovation – the first regular issue includes a range of articles touching on questions that at the time of writing are largely off the radar of global public attention. When the journal’s editorial board compiled the contributions to this issue, it could not have foreseen the first pandemic of the twenty-first century: Covid-19. The same eyes that now frantically pore over graphs showing the evolution

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Negotiated Exceptions at Risk of Manipulation
Maelle L’Homme

numerous changes in meaning in architectural semantics before being picked up by other fields such as biology and geography, where it was used in a more or less metaphorical sense to designate a passage, most often long and narrow, connecting two spaces. It is difficult to date the exact time when the image was applied to humanitarian action but worth highlighting that the idea to supply or evacuate a besieged city is not specific to humanitarianism. Even when such operations made it possible to save human lives, they were first implemented by States themselves in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

adaptation in the humanitarian field ( Sandvik, 2017 ) and consider humanitarian pasts and futures: earlier humanitarian uses of body tracking devices for care and control, together with how contemporary affordances in emergencies shape ideas about what wearables can be used for, on whom and how. I suggest that what the ‘humanitarian wearable’ tells us about the nature of digital humanitarianism can be the point of departure for articulating a critique of aid in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse
Juliano Fiori

-and-rescue missions. But it is citizen movements that have been at the forefront of the emergency response. Similarly inspired by cosmopolitan ideals, these groups tend to use more political language than conventional NGOs, presenting their relief activities as a form of direct resistance to nationalist politics and xenophobia. As liberal humanitarianism is challenged in its European heartland, they are developing – through practice – a new model of humanitarian engagement. SOS MEDITERRANEE is an ad hoc citizen initiative founded in 2015 to prevent the death of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

Fortified Aid Compound: Everyday Life in Post-Interventionary Society ’, Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding , 4 : 4 , 453 – 74 . Fast , L. ( 2014 ), Aid in Danger: The Perils and Promise of Humanitarianism ( Philadelphia, PA : University of Pennsylvania Press ). Jackson

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

history approach, which seeks both to set humanitarianism within a longer context of imperial and neocolonial histories, and to explore how these histories framed humanitarian and development action ( Hilton et al. , 2018 ). This conversation has an importance beyond historiography – for example, in the increasing focus on the idea of a ‘white saviour complex’ among humanitarian actors, and the way that humanitarianism is impacted by racism and the associated prioritising of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Valérie Gorin

Introduction Humanitarian films in the 1920s served to blame or impel audiences, without naming or shaming perpetrators most of the time. Instead of being proper political advocacy, early humanitarian cinema displayed more educational advocacy, which aims to impose a transformative agenda based on solidarity. Advocacy developed more systematically as a form of humanitarian communication in the 1970s and 1980s. It was influenced by the French and British schools of humanitarianism ( Dolan, 1992 ; Edwards, 1993 ; Gorin, 2018 ). While British NGOs such as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

Techniques Reduces Their Influence ’, PLoS ONE , 12 : 5 , 1 – 21 . Cooper , G. ( 2007 ), ‘ Anyone Here Survived a Wave, Speak English and Got a Mobile? Aid Agencies, the Media and Reporting Disasters since the Tsunami ’, 14th Guardian Lecture, Nuffield College, University of Oxford . Cottle , S. and Cooper , G. (eds) ( 2015 ), Humanitarianism, Communications and Change ( New York : Peter Lang ). Cottle , S. and Nolan , D. ( 2007

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

nineteenth century, with its progress in transport and communications, was also a time of accelerating colonial conquest, ‘transformed ipso facto into just wars in the name of natural law, trade, movement, and property’, in the words of historian Enzo Traverso ( Traverso, 2004 ). While humanitarianism by definition refers to a single human species, the concept of the existential equality of all humans is not necessarily included (all humans, but some more than others, as Orwell

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

were two kinds of relief group: those who professed neutrality and the very few who did not. The most prominent among the latter was Norwegian People’s Aid, which used to run newspaper adverts stating that it wasn’t neutral like MSF and others, but that it supported the rebels. It is understandable that mainline humanitarian groups working with migrants don’t want to be so unequivocal. But sooner or later they will have to be, and not just on the personal blogs of individual aid workers. Humanitarianism has weathered many crises, and perhaps it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs