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Carol Polsgrove

Office on 21 June 1937, Colonel Sir Vernon Kell gave a rundown of Wallace Johnson’s activities thus far. Wallace Johnson had succeeded in what he came to do – ‘establish a central bureau for coloured people the object of which is to avoid interference from colonial governments’. Helped by ‘George PADMORE’s Pan-African Brotherhood’, he had set up the International African Service Bureau at an office on

in Ending British rule in Africa
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Steve Hanson

; it is a key quality of the city of Manchester. It is worth repeating: in Manchester, always attend to the facades, and to what they are telling you. The stories themselves, then, are the biggest facades in the city. For instance, the blurred afterimage of Romanticism completely obliterates the figure of Thomas de Quincey, a biological racist, at the same time as the place where the Fifth Pan-African Congress was held becomes nothing but a thin, preserved frontage. These are just some of the contradictions that can be found. 227 Manchester: Something rich and

in Manchester
Math Noortmann
Luke D. Graham

Affairs); the Pan-African Parliament; the Court of Justice; the Financial Institutions (the African Central Bank, the African Monetary Fund, and the African Investment Bank); the Commission (AU Secretariat). 96 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN was established in 1967 on

in The basics of international law
Andrea Thorpe

politics, drawing on the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Power movement and Pan-Africanism as much as on the South African Black Consciousness Movement, informed the ‘bold anti-racism’ that manifested in unrest in British cities (Williams 2015 : 3). Historians of the anti-apartheid struggle have attested that the 1980s saw the international anti-apartheid struggle intensify (Thörn 2006 : 120), and Williams argues that ‘South African politics became uniquely part of the political landscape of Britain in a way that no other country had done since perhaps the Biafran

in South African London
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Pan-Africanism within a Politics of Respectability
Alease Brown

and Rosa Guy agreed that it was necessary to show solidarity with those on the African continent. “We’ve got to let the Congolese … know that we are with them.” 27 Angelou convened a meeting of CAWAH. The decision to pursue a Pan-Africanist agenda split the fledgling organisation. The six Pan-African members who remained set about organising a demonstration at the United Nations secretariat in New York to protest against the assassination. After determining their planned course of action, Angelou and Abbey Lincoln went to Harlem to

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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A Black journey of Red hope
Maxim Matusevich

to Pan-Africanism was well documented in his autobiography; it exposed a prominent point of contention between the class-based internationalism of Marxism-Leninism and the powerful thrust towards global black solidarity. 13 The tension will never quite dissipate and will leave its mark on the relations between the Soviet Union and independent African states. It will also reveal itself in the ambivalence with which Moscow would look at both the civil rights and black nationalist movements in the United States during

in The Red and the Black
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With Africa on His Mind
Selwyn R. Cudjoe

protested the destruction of these homes. It hardly registered with the residents of the island that in one short year the Trinidadian government had destroyed two monuments that signified Pan-African wisdom and intellectual excellence, without even giving it a second thought. It is this shameful neglect of our intellectual legacy and the lackadaisical manner in which we research our intellectual heroes that is, in part, the subject of this essay. For too long, scholars of C.L.R. James’s work have failed to examine the intellectual milieu

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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Initiatives and obstacles, 1870–1914
Douglas A. Lorimer

contrast between American slavery and race prejudice and British opposition to slavery and freedom from prejudice. Frederick Douglass became the symbolic representative of this alliance, and through his influence, even after 1865, this alliance was kept alive. As late as 1900, the Address of the Pan-African Conference to the Peoples of the World appealed to the memory of this

in Science, race relations and resistance
Open Access (free)
Feminism, anti-colonialism and a forgotten fight for freedom
Alison Donnell

we have been fighting for, let us use it to the full advantage’ – then Britain, with its blatant racism, demanded a more complicated and plural understanding of fights for freedom. 8 It was in this context, compelled by her growing awareness of Pan-African movements and the political urgency of contesting racial hierarchies, that Marson initiated the discourse on mutual liberation that is

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Stephen Emerson
Hussein Solomon

is to say that following independence, African leaders and elites perceived themselves to be members of an “African” international society based on a degree of shared historical experiences and cultural ties. At the core of this notion was the ideology of African nationalism that paved the way to today’s cooperative security framework. Early discourses about African nationalism and identity were based on the concept of Pan-Africanism, which referred to the idea “that all Africans have a spiritual affinity with each other and that, having suffered together in the

in African security in the twenty-first century