Matthew Worley, Keith Gildart, Anna Gough-Yates, Sian Lincoln, and Bill Osgerby
History of Punk and Underground Resources in Turkey 1978–99
(Athens: BAS, 2007).
8 For a non-Western focus, see E. Baulch, Making Scenes: Reggae, Punk and Death Metal
in 1990s Bali (London: Duke University Press, 2007); J. Matsue, Making Music in
Japan’s Underground: The Tokyo Hardcore Scene (London: Routledge, 2009); A.
O’Connor, ‘Punk Subculture in Mexico and the Anti-globalisation Movement:
A Report from the Front’, New Political Science, 25:1 (2003), 43–53. Also, Beijing
Bubbles: Punk and Rock in China’s Capital (directed by George Lindt and Susanne
and 6 will show, IS and AQ’s political-economic development occurred in the aftermath of, and in some ways reproduced, a history of US-led military and economic intervention in the Middle East.
In Chapter 3, I argued that the key political events that influenced the evolution of AQ propaganda included the end of the Cold War, the emergence of anti-neo-colonial and anti-globalisation movements in the 1990s, the attacks of 9/11, and the 2008 GFC. By contrast, my discussion here begins from the premise that IS’s political-economic propaganda
activists represents to the state, as marked by undue persecution and criminalisation, is taken by Raunig as an example of how competition against the violence of the state becomes itself a war machine that defies the logic of representation. Finally, against the homogenising tendency of anti-globalisation and anti-war protest, Raunig gives examples of specific interventions in concrete locations by small groups of activists who circumvent media spectacularisation and police criminalisation.
the MAI. Accusing the OECD and the business sector
of engineering ‘a silent coup’,51 Clarke posted the document on the internet,52
triggering protests around the world. This campaign spread quickly, helped
along by the internet, which was used to recruit and mobilise activists. The
resultant movement, which built up momentum quickly, exploited already
widespread anti-globalisation sentiments that, up until the MAI, had lacked a
cause it could latch onto.
Like NAFTA’s Chapter 11, the draft MAI provided strong protections for
investors against regulatory takings
Conservative members, and you hit the very centre of that target, Heffer's marker would be there. He was, and is, pro-Section 28, pro-Christianity's influence on public policy, pro-tie-wearing, and pro-hereditary peers. He was also anti-‘liberal society’, anti-Europe and anti-globalisation. He was deeply antagonistic towards modern politicians who he thought seemed to know and believe in little, and to work for the kind of pay that would only attract the ‘second rate’. In his view, Cameron, the party's dynamic young new leader, was no different
Religion and spirituality in environmental direct action
Bronislaw Szerszynski and Emma Tomalin
. Prior to the Labour victory, there had been a shift in
the Tory policy on road building and a number of proposed projects were halted
while others were abandoned, signalling to activists that their innovative and sustained campaign had achieved some degree of success. Since then, much of the
energy that was channelled into environmental direct action has been directed
into campaigns against ‘genetically modified’ crops and for the anti-capitalist
and anti-globalisation movement which has been growing since the protests
against the 1999 World Trade Organisation meeting
, security and political success. This order is already under attack from multiple sources: domestic populism, anti-globalisation, the rise of authoritarian states, and income inequality, among others. A United States which does not proactively engage in the process of managing this transition may find itself on the wrong side of change with the cards stacked against it when the dust settles.
China: The biggest winner
Xi Jinping has made it clear that China aspires to its share of global leadership, pledging the ‘renewal of the Chinese nation’ and ensuring what he sees
Laguiller, and the Ligue Communiste Révolutionnaire’s Olivier
Besancenot, achieved in 2002 a combined score approaching three
million. The growing influence of la gauche de la gauche was accompanied
by the mushrooming of various militant groups and associations campaigning against racism, unemployment, homelessness and homophobia,
boosted from the turn of the century by an emerging anti-capitalist
movement spearheaded by individuals like the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu
and the anti-globalisation campaigner José Bové, and by groups like the
Attac association against
44 R. Debray, ‘A Guerrilla with Difference’, in Hayden (ed.), The Zapatista Reader, p. 129.
45 Notes from Everywhere (ed.), We Are Everywhere: The Irresistible Rise of Global Capitalism
(London: Verso), p. 21.
46 N. Klein, ‘Reclaiming the Commons’, in T. Mertes, A Movement of Movements (London:
Verso, 2004), pp. 81–7.
47 J. Couch, ‘Imagining Zapatismo: The Anti-globalisation Movement and the Zapatistas’,
Communal/Plural, 9: 2 (2001), p. 244.
49 J. Simon, ‘The Marcos Mystery: A Chat with the Subcommander of Spin’, in Hayden
or social groups and their allies from organising trans-nationally in
defence of perceived common interests and using for their own beneﬁt the capacities for trans-national interaction created by the world-system. As examples of
cosmopolitan activities he gives: South–South dialogues and organisations, new forms
of labour internationalism, trans-national networks of women’s groups, indigenous
peoples’ and human-rights organisations and so on. In his view, despite their
heterogeneity, the various anti-globalisation movements are a good example of