society in Elizabethan Sussex (Leicester, 1969),
D.N.J. MacCulloch, ‘Power, privilege and the countycommunity: county
politics in Elizabethan Suffolk’, unpublished PhD thesis (University of
Cambridge, 1977), pp. 144–7.
Collinson, Religion of Protestants, p. 78; Rosemary O’Day, ‘Ecclesiastical
patronage and recruitment, with special reference to the diocese of Coventry
and Lichfield, 1558–1642’, unpublished PhD thesis (University of London,
Patrick Collinson, ‘Episcopacy and reform in England in the later sixteenth
century’, in G.J. Cuming (ed
government’ (J. E. Neale, Essays in Elizabethan History [London, 1958], pp. 200–1).
29 Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, 1559–81, pp. 386–92.
30 Chapter 4 in this volume; Z. Dovey, An Elizabethan Progress: the Queen’s journey into
East Anglia, 1578 (Stroud, 1996); D. MacCulloch, ‘Catholic and puritan in Elizabethan
Suffolk: a countycommunity polarises’, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 72 (1981):
232–89; D. MacCulloch, Suffolk and the Tudors: Polities and religion in an English county,
1500–1600 (Oxford, 1986); A. Hassell Smith, County and Court: Government and
), pp. 324–5,
J. R. Maddicott, ‘The countycommunity and
the making of public opinion in fourteenth-century England’,
TRHS , 5th series, 18 (1978), pp. 27–43.
Dodd, ‘Crown, magnates and gentry’,
Patriarcha versus Thomas scott’s country patriotism
. In particular, scott thought that being a member of one of the most ancient families
in Kent gave him the right to have a say in the countycommunity.48 These
genealogical surveys proved that his family derived from the scots north of
the Border. As such he claimed that his countrymen had courageously resisted
the romans and, subsequently, the Norman Yoke. By focusing on genealogy,
scott also recalled the doctrinal lineage that connected him to the marked
anti-catholicism of many elizabethan Protestants. similarly, when addressing
historical matters or referring to
; S. Roberts, ‘Local
government reform in England and Wales during the Interregnum’, in I. Roots (ed.)
Into Another Mould: Aspects of the Interregnum (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1998),
86 For revisionist work on ‘localism’, see J. S. Morrill, The Revolt of the Provinces: Conservatives and Radicals in the English Civil War, 1630–1650 (London: Allen & Unwin, 1980); for
early counter-arguments stressing the national political horizons at least of gentry prior
to the war, see C. Holmes, ‘The countycommunity in Stuart historiography’, Journal
place in the countycommunity,
regarded a few years’ service in their local Militia regiment as a necessary rite
MAD0316 - BUTLER 9780719099380 PRINT.indd 55
The Irish amateur military tradition
of passage’. He goes on to say that by the second half of the nineteenth century
they had become fewer in number.24 In a biography of Charles Stewart Parnell,
sometime leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, it is stated that he joined the
Wicklow Rifles ‘as befitted a Wicklow landowner’.25 It is even remarked that he
was proud of this fact, and hated
The Glorious Revolution and Religion in England (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991), pp.
44 Hibbard, ‘Early Stuart Catholicism’, p. 3.
45 A. Fletcher, A CountyCommunity in Peace and War: Sussex 1600–1660 (London:
Longman, 1975), pp. 97–8.
46 J. Albers, ‘Seeds of Contention: Society, Politics and the Church of England in
Lancashire, 1689–1790’ (DPhil thesis, Yale University, 1988), p. 496.
47 Hibbard, ‘Early Stuart Catholicism’, p. 4.
48 See, for example: J. Callow, ‘The last of the Shireburnes: the art of death and life in
’ as both the Commons and his own Council urged him to employ, while avoiding the charge of excessive interference in the affairs of the countycommunity preferred against Richard II.
The relationship between William Gascoigne and the new king soon developed beyond the purely official; he became one of Henry’s most trusted advisers, summoned to his presence in July 1401 ‘pur chivacher en nostre compaignie pur certaines treschargeantes matires touchante lestat de nous et de nostre roiaume’ and singled out by the Council in 1405 as one of those in whom the king put
origin of this interest; J. S. Roskell, Parliament and Politics in Late Medieval England , vols. ii–iii (London, 1981) collects some pioneering case studies. For current thinking, P. R. Coss, The Langley Family and its Cartulary: a study in late medieval ‘gentry’ (Dugdale Soc., Occasional Papers, xxii, 1974); A. J. Pollard, ‘The Richmondshire community of gentry during the Wars of the Roses’, Patronage, Pedigree and Power in Later Medieval England , ed. C. Ross (Gloucester, 1979), pp. 37–59; M. J. Bennett, ‘A countycommunity: social cohesion among the Cheshire
to curry favour with the people of
these counties, he ordered these letters obligatory – or
rather submissory – to be returned to them. This did not
mean, however, that he had released them from their obligations to
him, for instead he forced their representatives, to whom the countycommunities had granted full power for this purpose, to bind
themselves and their heirs to him