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Patrick Thornberry

application of the Charter, the Protocol, or any other relevant human rights instrument ratified by the States concerned (Article 3.1); the Court may also offer advisory opinions which do not trespass on the work of the Commission (Article 4). Court cases will be open to States, African intergovernmental organisations, relevant NGOs with observer status before the Commission, and individuals (Article 5.3): NGO and individual cases require a supporting declaration from the State concerned in accordance with Article 34.6. Entry into force of the Protocol requires fifteen

in Indigenous peoples and human rights
Abstract only
Patrick Thornberry

and Integration of Indigenous and other Tribal and Semi-Tribal Populations in Independent Countries,17 and Recommendation No. 104 on the same.18 The ILO today The ILO is now one of twelve specialised agencies of the UN.19 The tripartite structure of the ILO – governments, employers, employees – is unique among intergovernmental organisations. The Organisation is composed of three organs: the General Conference of representatives of member States (the International Labour Conference); the Governing Body; and the International Labour Office. The rights that concern the

in Indigenous peoples and human rights
The contest for ideology
Sung Lee

Assembly, is the chief technical and administrative officer of WHO. He or she has numerous responsibilities and, although formally subject to the authority of the board, can exert considerable power in the selection of priorities and controversies. WHO is an intergovernmental organisation with no supra-governmental authority. It cannot execute policies which override the will of its member governments. In

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Presenting the GenderImmi data set
Anna Boucher

global gendered wage gaps. At the same time, these states are also less likely to emphasise specific occupational sectors, an approach which generally targets key male-dominated professions. These findings are important not only to map the dependent variable of analysis in future chapters of the book (the extent of gender awareness of policies) but also more broadly for policy-makers and intergovernmental organisations interested in understanding how gender awareness of skilled immigration policies vary across countries. The next section of this chapter provides an

in Gender, migration and the global race for talent
What contribution to regional security?
Panagiota Manoli

, on the eve of the OSCE’s Istanbul Summit, he once more proposed an enhanced BSEC and called for greater balance between the interrelated economic, political and security issues facing the BSEC member-states: Perhaps the time is ripe for BSEC to strike an appropriate balance between economic cooperation and cooperation on regional security, and determine its place within the family of the other regional alliances and intergovernmental organisation in the new European architecture of the 21st century. These issues are increasingly relevant and BSEC’ s ultimate

in Limiting institutions?
Abstract only
Stories about international organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Sufyan Droubi
Jean d’Aspremont

resulted in the Conclusions, namely, the manner in which the International Law Commission defines its own output vis-à-vis the formation of customary international law. While the International Law Commission specifically addresses ‘teachings of publicists’ and judgments, it has chosen to simply mention the relevance of its own work – which it did in the commentary opening Part V. Pereira argues that the Commission was right in not including its work under the ‘teachings of publicists’ heading. Deplano examines the role of resolutions adopted by intergovernmental

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Leslie C. Green

as well as to any force operating in the name of some other intergovernmental organisation like NATO, as has been the case in the former Yugoslavia or Afghanistan. The rights of member states The only freedom of action left to members in matters of this kind is to be found in Article 51, which emphasises that ‘nothing in the Charter shall impair the inherent

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Evidence from Tumaco, Colombia
Jan Boesten
Annette Idler

presence, and that is not enough; the great challenge is to also reach civic authorities.’  37 The history of past (failed) peace processes in Colombia does indeed tell a narrative of the militarised outreach of the state to marginalised regions at the neglect of creating effective civilian institutions that protect local communities. It is in that respect that our methodological shift to the community perspective has a normative implication that echoes the intergovernmental organisation staff grievance on the

in Armed non-state actors and the politics of recognition

Scientific Unions and its subsidiary, the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research. 93 Non-governmental bodies will not be further touched on here as they fall outside the scope of this book. As far as intergovernmental organisations are concerned, the premier organisation at the global level is the IOC, established by UNESCO as a subsidiary body in 1960 in order to ‘promote scientific investigation and

in The law of the sea
Bilge Firat

Joost Lips (1547–1606), Justus Lipsius – ‘just lips’ – has been the punchline of much ridicule of the Council’s work. Sitting at the top of the EU’s political hierarchy, the Council underscores the Union’s intergovernmentalism. As in every intergovernmental organisation, negoti­ations between heads of state and governments require early preparation and careful negotiation of conflict and compromise. Scholars have long observed a shift away from high-level, on-the-spot deal-making by heads of government at the European Council, towards low-level preparatory

in Diplomacy and lobbying during Turkey’s Europeanisation