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Emily Whewell

some of the cases that reflected the limits and extent of consular power. I now turn to take a closer look at the administration of consular justice and court cases. In this chapter, I show how the nature of the British community and how the challenges of governing subjects in a vast province shaped legal administration and the resolution of cases. The chapter first outlines the nature of consular administration in Xinjiang. Consular officials were legal mediators between the local community, the Raj and consular justice. Consular officials therefore embodied a

in Law across imperial borders
Jan Broadway

Chapter 2 . The national context of local history T his book is primarily concerned with the influence of the provincial gentry on the development of local history. There were, however, a number of external forces which shaped the way in which the late Elizabethan and early Stuart gentry approached the past. It is these external forces that are the subject of this chapter. The potential for education to influence historical understanding, and the way in which it might equip – or fail to equip – fledging antiquaries, is easily appreciated. Similarly, the skills

in ‘No historie so meete’
The case of air quality monitoring in a Spanish industrial area
Miguel A. López-Navarro

8 Legitimating confrontational discourses by local environmental groups: The case of air quality monitoring in a Spanish industrial area Miguel A. López-Navarro Introduction The escalating role of the firm at the expense of the public authorities’ function as guarantors of citizens’ rights may have helped drive the increased political authority of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)1 as representatives of civil society (Hahn and Pinkse 2014). In the business and society literature, there is a growing body of research on firm–NGO relationships (Dahan et al. 2010

in Toxic truths
John Gurney

Chapter 6 The Diggers and the local community REACTIONS TO THE DIGGERS IN WALTON A ssaults on the Diggers began almost immediately after they set to work on St George’s Hill. In the first recorded attack, ‘divers of the diggers’ were, according to Winstanley, taken to the village of Walton and locked in the church, before being freed by a justice of the peace. On the second occasion, ‘above a hundred rude people’ forced the Diggers off the hill and took them first to Walton and then Kingston, where they were released again by a JP; in subsequent attacks

in Brave community
Jennifer Lloyd

4 Philanthropists, volunteers, fund-raisers, and local preachers I n 1889 Sarah Mary Babbage Terrett, Bible Christian founder of the English White Ribbon temperance organization, suddenly collapsed and died while attending a meeting at which she was a featured speaker. The shock and sense of loss must have been considerable because she was well known for her stirring addresses – on the third anniversary of the White Ribbon campaign she quoted Nelson and Tennyson’s Charge of the Light Brigade to call on ‘all engaged in this glorious work, in the name and

in Women and the shaping of British Methodism
Constructing population in the search for disease genes
Steve Sturdy

geneticists thought about human genetic diversity and, ultimately, about human populations. Capturing human genetic variation Initially the work of identifying and cataloguing SNPs proceeded in a relatively uncoordinated fashion, with the establishment of local databases in a number of leading North American and European research centres. However, this work progressed against a backdrop of concern that researchers’ access to large bodies of accumulated genomic data was threatened by moves to bring those data into private ownership. In

in Global health and the new world order
An agenda for change?
Hugh Atkinson

3 The challenge of local democracy, civic engagement and community: an agenda for change? Introduction In the early period of the newly elected Labour government after 1997 the apparent conciliatory tone towards local government was in sharp contrast to the conflicted nature of central/local relations during the Thatcher and Major years. Tighter financial restrictions, rate capping, cuts in central government financial support, increased privatisation of local authority services and loss of policy autonomy all gave the clear impression of a beleaguered local

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Hugh Atkinson

5 Opening up local democracy beyond the formal realm Introduction I noted in Chapter 4 how the Labour government after 1997 tried to stimulate formal local democracy by various initiatives to boost electoral turnout. But it was, as Wilson notes, ‘particularly keen to emphasise innovation in participatory democracy’ (Wilson, 1999: 248). Attempts to encourage local public participation are by no means new. They enjoyed prominence on the public policy agenda in the 1960s with such initiatives as the Skeffington Report and the establishment of community development

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Joy Molina Mirasol, Felix S. Mirasol, Estela C. Itaas Jr., and Benjamin Maputi

12 Enhancing local policymakers’ capacity in environmental governance in the Philippines Joy Molina Mirasol, Felix S. Mirasol, Jr., Estela C. Itaas and Benjamin Maputi Context The forest land in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines, is continuously declining in terms of its economic and environmental capacity. Forest destruction by timber poachers and conversion of forest land for agriculture are rising to an alarming level, leaving the remaining forest cover significantly below the desired 45 percent cover to sustain its services. Such decline and

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Rosemary Sweet

ROSEMARY SWEET 3 Local identities and a national parliament, c. 1688–18351 Rosemary Sweet The increase in parliamentary activity following the Glorious Revolution of 1688 is one of the most conspicuous features of the eighteenth-century landscape, and a large proportion of the growing volume of legislation arose from local bills. More recently, historians have also been alerted to the significance of failed legislation which reveals even higher levels of business emanating from the localities.2 Legislation of both kinds, national and local, attracted an even

in Parliaments, nations and identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660–1850