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Medical practitioners, birth control clinics and contraceptive efficacy
Claire L. Jones

Birth Control Investigation Committee. 5 Leathard, The Fight for Family Planning ; B. Evans, Freedom to Choose: The Life and Work of Dr. Helena Wright, Pioneer of Contraception (London: Bodley Head, 1984), p. 146; Löwy, ‘“Sexual chemistry” before the Pill’. Recent exceptions include Borge ‘“Wanting it Both Ways”’; Neushul, ‘Marie C. Stopes’. 6 Holz, The Birth Control Clinic , p. 2. 7 Stopes also asked Lambert to supply some rubber (‘Racial’) and sea sponges of each size, BL, Add. MS 58638, letter by Stopes to Lamberts 20 April 1928; MS 58639, 24

in The business of birth control
Systems and structures in an age of upheaval
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

neighbourhood of Los Angeles in August 1965. What could explain these changes? Demographers pointed to the sharp increase in fertility rates some eighteen to twenty years earlier, in the wake of World War II. They also noted the equally sharp drop of fertility rates that occurred in the 1960s, after the introduction of the oral contraceptive pill. ‘The Pill’ made it possible to regulate the human reproductive cycle. It revolutionized female freedom because it gave women a new control over their bodies. This in turn paved the way for a sexual and feminist revolution

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Sarah Browne

important in allowing me to question the chronology of the movement. Many of those who have written about the WLM tend to set the emergence of the movement within a very short historical context, citing the sexual revolution and the introduction of the Pill as key conditions. This is not to deny the importance of these historical developments. However, by looking at the roots of the WLM through some of the participants’ life stories it is clear that their experiences both as girls and as women were important, and arguably the ideas and experiences which informed the

in The women’s liberation movement in Scotland
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

Bulletin. As you will see, on pages 33–50 she has made a rather passable journalistic combination of de Groot and little Granet, and it seems to me that the best compromise for us would be to swallow the pill, on the condition that we may change the title to something like ‘Seasonal fertility rites and the death cult in Scandinavian [sic] and China’. As you know, it is difficult to say no completely, as she among other things has provided us a donation of 15,000 crowns. So, if you please, could you look at it, in particular the new pages, and make whatever remarks you

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Abstract only
Sexual politics
Paul Newland

pill was available on the National Health Service to all British women. Dominic Sandbrook tellingly points out that ‘It was in the early 1970s, not the 1960s, that young single women began taking the Pill.’39 The wider availability of ‘the pill’ in the early 1970s certainly appeared to mark a turning point in sexual behaviour, and in ways people talked and thought about sex.40 But, in British cinema, the permissive society was by no means always something to be celebrated. One film from the beginning of the decade worth considering here is Permissive (Lindsay

in British films of the 1970s
Expertise, authority and the making of medical dominion
Michael Brown

‘respectable’ section of the lay public.95 Called upon to demonstrate the efficacy of Morison’s pills they recounted how they had been ‘failed’ by orthodox medicine and ‘cured’ by the pills. Several of these witnesses appeared in more than two of the trials and many were probably ‘encouraged’ by Morison to provide testimony. Nevertheless, they represented a powerful voice for ‘patient power’, or rather ‘consumer power’, in the face of medical authority. Such evidence could backfire, however, in a court whose predominantly middle-class audience was generally receptive to the

in Performing medicine
Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Christoph Gradmann, and Andrew McDowell

on the part of health care providers, which may get in the way of meeting patients’ needs (Engel in this volume). The paper and computer work linked to DOTS – which includes collecting information about patients, the visits they pay (or do not pay), consultations settings and the pills taken to achieve the norm of observed therapy, among many other indicators – is substantially greater than other 1990s-era disease-control programmes. DOTS as TB intervention also aims at monitoring the activities of medical and non-medical personnel in centres

in Global health and the new world order
Jolien Gijbels and Kaat Wils

exceptional, as the limited numbers of members of the BSSE show. 95 According to Catholic doctrine, calendar-based methods (which had been improved in the 1930s) were the only accepted form of contraception. Not surprisingly, the contraceptive pill had little success when it was introduced to the Belgian market in 1961. In the beginning, mainly doctors linked to the BSSE and La Famille Heureuse prescribed the pill

in Medical histories of Belgium
A biography of a ‘European fetish’, c.1859–c.1940
Markku Hokkanen

0.4 grams) of quinine (an increase of 50 per cent on Livingstone's 1860 ‘Fever Powder’) and 8 grains each of calomel and resin of jalap, along with 6 grains of pulverised rhubarb. Corbyn & Co., a long-established company, manufactured batches of the pills for Livingstone and various African expeditions. Waller advised that 10 grains of pills should be administered to a fever patient ‘as soon as

in Medicine, mobility and the empire
Jean-François Caron

Air Force insists that the use of these amphetamines is voluntary and that pilots must sign a consent form before using them, 11 this form states that pilots can be grounded if they decline. Anyone who knows the military system even remotely is aware that grounding – whatever the circumstances – can have serious implications for a pilot's career. This this policy tends to put indirect pressure on a pilot to take the pills, even if he or she

in A theory of the super soldier