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This volume brings together cutting-edge research by some of the most innovative scholars of early modern Britain. Inspired in part by recent studies of the early modern ‘public sphere’, the twelve chapters collected here reveal an array of political and religious practices that can serve as a foundation for new narratives of the period. The practices considered range from deliberation and inscription to publication and profanity. The narratives under construction range from secularization to the rise of majority rule. Many of the authors also examine ways British developments were affected by and in turn influenced the world outside of Britain.

Editor: John Cunningham

This collection offers important new insights across a broad range of topics relating to medicine in Early Modern Ireland. Of particular note is the substantial attention devoted to the years before 1750, a period that has been relatively neglected in studies of Irish medicine. The book brings together an exciting selection of established scholars, such as Peter Elmer and Clodagh Tait, as well as a number of early career historians. Their work effectively situates Irish medicine in relation to long-term social and cultural change on the island, as well as to appropriate international contexts, encompassing Britain, Europe and the Atlantic World. The chapters also engage in various ways with important aspects of the historiography of medicine in the twenty-first century. Among the key subjects addressed by the contributors are Gaelic medicine, warfare, the impact of new medical ideas, migration, patterns of disease, midwifery and childbirth, book collecting, natural history, and urban medicine. A common thread running through the chapters is the focus on medical practitioners. The book accordingly enables significant new understanding of the character of medical practise in Early Modern Ireland. This collection will be of interest to academics and students of the history of Early Modern medicine. It also contains much that will be essential reading for historians of Ireland.

Beatrice Groves

No Chronicle that shal write of Ierusalems last captiuitie, but shall write of mee also. (Nashe, 1958 : 2:76) 1 Early modern English preachers and writers were obsessed by the Roman siege of Jerusalem, a siege which was recorded

in Biblical women in early modern literary culture 1550–1700
William Stenhouse

Reusing and redisplaying antiquities in early modern France 6 William Stenhouse Southern France is host to some of the best-preserved Roman remains outside the Italian peninsula. Significant architectural structures survive in the towns of Nîmes, Arles and Vienne. The Pont du Gard and the Trophée des Alpes still overlook the surrounding areas. Today, the region’s museums house an array of statues, sarcophagi and inscriptions. The Middle Ages seem to have been relatively kind to the monuments of Gallia Narbonensis, therefore, and anyone accustomed to examining

in Local antiquities, local identities
Jane Ridder- Patrick

During the early modern period in Scotland, as in Europe and beyond, the concepts and symbolism of astrology were tightly woven into the prevailing world view. Astrology can be defined as any theory, practice or belief that draws inferences from, or parallels between, events and patterns in the sky and events and circumstances on earth. Its use of the sky – the ‘heavens’ in contemporary parlance – meant that it linked the supernatural and natural worlds. There was scarcely an aspect of contemporary life that astrology did not inform. Its imagery was found in

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland
Bernard Capp

This bleak warning, in a Restoration ballad, reflects the power of biblical strictures in shaping early modern ideas on parental rights and children's duty. ‘Children’, wrote Saint Paul to the Ephesians (Ephesians 6:1), ‘obey your Parents in the Lord: for this is right,’  2 a text William Gouge placed at the beginning of his section on the duties of children in his influential devotional treatise , Of Domesticall Duties (1622). 3 The message appears simple enough. But

in People and piety
Barbara Arciszewska

13 The role of ancient remains in the Sarmatian culture of early modern Poland Barbara Arciszewska 286 Z01_CdeD Book01_B.indb 286 Visible material remnants of ancient cultures were, for a variety of historical reasons, not particularly abundant in the territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795). The past monuments of these lands were not created in stone and marble but in timber, hence leaving behind no impressive structures to provoke the interest of subsequent generations. Indeed, writing in 1575, André Thevet (1516–90), court cosmographer

in Local antiquities, local identities
Brian Jackson

6 Henry Fitzsimon, the Irish Jesuits and Catholic identity in the early modern period Brian Jackson In a short biographical sketch of the distinguished Irish Jesuit Henry Fitzsimon published in Studies in 1943, James Corboy concluded his essay with a bleak assessment of life on the Jesuit mission to Ireland in 1630. Corboy asserted that after a long literary career on the continent, Fitzsimon returned from exile to Dublin where he was so harassed by persecution that he had no opportunity to write.1 Corboy was following in distinguished footsteps down a well

in Irish Catholic identities
Willem Frijhoff

3 Colleges and their alternatives in the ­educational strategy of early modern Dutch  Catholics Willem Frijhoff The common image of the Dutch Republic is that of a Protestant bulwark from which Catholics were by and large excluded so that they had to look for refuge, including education, abroad. In fact, there is ample reason for nuance.1 After the foundation of the Dutch Republic in the 1570s and 1580s and its ­subsequent public self-definition as a Protestant nation, Dutch Roman Catholicism was not really proscribed in the private sphere. But until the Batavian

in College communities abroad
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The marriage of Tudor England and Habsburg Spain

The co-monarchy of Mary I and Philip II put England at the heart of early modern Europe. This positive reassessment of their joint reign counters a series of parochial, misogynist and anti-Catholic assumptions, correcting the many myths that have grown up around the marriage and explaining the reasons for its persistent marginalisation in the historiography of Tudor England. Using new archival discoveries and original sources it argues for Mary as a great Catholic queen, while fleshing out Philip’s important contributions as king of England. It demonstrates the success and many positive achievements of this glittering dynastic union in everything from culture, music and art to cartography, commerce and exploration. Philip and Mary’s negative reputation derives from a particular version of English identity and reflects confessional differences in early modern English history. The acceptability of Mary’s foreign marriage will continue to reflect the evolving relationship between Britain and Europe, and its cultural politics. Moving from the commercial and strategic interests served by Anglo-Spanish alliances, it analyses the negotiations and marriage contract, Mary’s government, the Act for the Queen’s Regal Power, the Wyatt rebellion, the co-monarchy, gynophobic polemic, court culture and ceremony, bilingual lexicography, portraiture and print, and the historical (mis)fortunes of this glittering dynastic match.