This book is a study of two post-war Muslim ethnic minority communities that have been overwhelmingly neglected in the academic literature and public debate on migration to Britain and Germany: those of Newcastle upon Tyne and Bremen. In what is the first work to offer a comparative assessment of Muslim migrant populations at a local level between these two countries, it provides an examination of everyday immigrant experiences and a reassessment of ethnic minority integration on a European scale. It traces the development of Muslim migrants from their arrival to and settlement in these post-industrial societies through to their emergence as fixed attributes on their cities’ landscapes. Through its focus on the employment, housing and education sectors, this study exposes the role played by ethnic minority aspirations and self-determination. Other themes that run throughout include the long-term effects of Britain and Germany’s overarching post-war immigration frameworks; the convergence between local policies and Muslim ethnic minority behaviour in both cities; and the extent to which Islam, the size of migrant communities, and regional identity influence the integration process. The arguments and debates addressed are not only pertinent to Newcastle and Bremen, but have a nation- and Europe-wide relevance, with the conclusions transgressing the immediate field of historical studies. This book is essential reading for academics and students alike with an interest in migration studies, modern Britain and Germany, and the place of Islam in contemporary Europe.
This book analyses how racism and anti-racism influence Black British
middle-class cultural consumption. In doing so, this book challenges the
dominant understanding of British middle-class identity and culture as being
‘beyond race’. Paying attention to the relationship between cultural capital
and cultural repertoires, this book puts forward the idea that there are three
black middle-class identity modes: strategic assimilation, class-minded, and
ethnoracial autonomous. People towards each of these identity modes use specific
cultural repertoires to organise their cultural consumption. Those towards
strategic assimilation draw on repertoires of code-switching and cultural
equity, consuming traditional middle-class culture to maintain an equality with
the White middle class in levels of cultural capital. Ethnoracial autonomous
individuals draw on repertoires of browning and Afro-centrism, removing
themselves from traditional middle-class cultural pursuits they decode as
‘Eurocentric’, while showing a preference for cultural forms that uplift Black
diasporic histories and cultures. Lastly, those towards the class-minded
identity mode draw on repertoires of post-racialism and de-racialisation. Such
individuals polarise between ‘Black’ and middle-class cultural forms, display an
unequivocal preference for the latter, and lambast other Black people who avoid
middle-class culture as being culturally myopic or culturally
uncultivated. This book will appeal to sociology students, researchers, and
academics working on race and class, critical race theory, and cultural
sociology, among other social science disciplines.
by renowned film maker Zhang Yimou ( 张艺谋 ), the event involved some 15,000 performers and musicians showcasing a vibrant, confident nation proud of its history and culture. The ceremony, comprising two parts entitled ‘Brilliant Civilization’ and ‘Glorious Era’, was rich in nationalist imagery but noticeably short on Communist ideology. Confucius played a far greater role than Chairman Mao or Karl Marx. One section, in a display of national unity, saw fifty-six children from China’s fifty-six national ethnic groups dressed in traditional costume carry the national
not to think that,
in Kureishi’s late fiction at least, this West London setting has
largely facilitated the same story.4
Such an anecdote draws attention to what good literary critics
already take for granted, particularly in terms of ethnic authors
for whom the burden of representation is great: a literary work,
however ‘realist’, is not the real world. Yet how Kureishi imagines his world is central to his identity as a British Asian author.
His vision of London, and of the communities that inhabit it,
has become the scaffolding for an ideological perspective that
Building on earlier work, this text combines theoretical perspectives with empirical work, to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions of Russia. It also assesses the impact of these different institutional arrangements on democratization and federalism, moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratization at the local level and to the study of federalism in Russia.
This book, a collection of essays, presents new interpretations of one of the most significant exhibitions in the nineteenth century. It exposes how meaning has been produced around the Great Exhibition held at the Crystal Palace. The book contains a series of critical readings of the official and popular historical record of the Exhibition. The 'Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations', as it was initially referred to, was the product of a number of issues. The first is the liberal shift in politics of the 1830s that popularised laissez-faire attitudes to manufacture and enterprise. The second is the need to address Britain's position as an economic power and moral arbiter in post-Napoleonic Europe. The third is the fortunate incidents that occurred in the 1840s to bring together the men who would shape the venture. Mass production, as much as artisanship, was showcased at the Exhibition and much of the rhetoric of the Official Catalogue concerned the way mechanisation could save time, expense and labour. The fear of ethnic and cultural difference was rampant in Exhibition literature. The presence of women at the Exhibition raised gender issues such as being objectified and the threat of being 'seen'. Increased concern for the welfare of the working classes is one dominant motif of political which the organisers of the Great Exhibition could not avoid engaging. The book portrays the determined use of industrial knowledge, definitions of nation and colony, and the control of the Crystal Palace after the Great Exhibition closed.
and Scottishness in New Zealand and, when it was experienced, did not
necessarily lead to the articulation of an ethnic consciousness. While
the Irish ethnic press and ethnic associations drew on political motifs,
and in this sense differed from the Scottish ethnic press and ethnic
societies which were predominantly cultural in their emphasis, this
engagement with political matters was generally directed towards
has defined the state as the core
political institution. It is not that states refer often to this European
settlement directly. Individual countries construct their own versions
of history that justify the status quo and the defining claim that each
state has ultimate control of all those who live in its territory.
Nationalists, in particular, encourage narratives that suggest that the
current shape is the playing out of a manifest destiny reflecting ancient
loyalties, ethnic ties and cultural affinities.
The homeland becomes a repository of historic memories and
Ethnicity and popular music in British cultural studies
Sounding out the margins: ethnicity and
popular music in British cultural studies
In their discussion of the development of British cultural studies,1 Jon
Stratton and Ien Ang point out that the ‘energizing impulse’ of the field
has ‘historically … lain in [a] critical concern with, and validation of, the
subordinate, the marginalized [and] the subaltern within Britain’ (1996:
376). Accordingly, many of the field’s principal practitioners have paid a
considerable amount of attention to questions of ‘race’2 and ethnicity in
emblems of expatriate ethnicity, among other cultural aspects, that are examined in this chapter. As a commentator on associational culture has remarked,
ethnic societies were established not solely for companionship but also for the
expression of a collective identity, ‘heightened not only by contrast to those of
the native population but also by contrast to those of other newcomers’.
Such public manifestations of identity can, however, be slippery and
while this chapter incorporates these visible factors, it also focuses on everyday
2 Marjory Harper