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A social representation of scientific expertise
Warren Pearce and Brigitte Nerlich

12 An Inconvenient Truth: a social representation of scientific expertise Warren Pearce, Brigitte Nerlich On 30 June 2006 An Inconvenient Truth (AIT) (Guggenheim, 2006), a climate-change documentary presented and written by leading US Democrat politician Al Gore, was released. The film contains a heady mix of expert scientific evidence, personal stories and normative political statements. An ‘oral history’, based on interviews with those involved in the creation of the film and celebrating this anniversary, proclaimed: ‘Somehow, a film starring a failed

in Science and the politics of openness
Andrew Whiting

In the previous chapter I provided a detailed overview of the characteristics of current cybersecurity knowledge and in doing so identified some of limitations that lay within large sections of the research, while also arguing for the value of the constructivist cybersecurity agenda. What will follow in subsequent chapters is a Foucauldian-inspired constructivist analysis of the expert knowledge produced by private-sector internet security companies and its impact upon the constitution of the sorts of assumptions highlighted in the previous chapter

in Constructing cybersecurity
Vittorio Bufacchi

than guys who have studied it all the time”’ 12 – and why he thinks that reading long documents is a waste of time. Not surprisingly, Trump is also sceptical of experts, since as he says, ‘they can’t see the forest for the trees’; we will return to the question of experts in Chapter 7 . Anti-intellectualism is also the reason leaders of populist movements gravitate towards provocation in their political rhetoric. They tend to communicate via a direct and often vulgar prose, deriding political correctness, and regularly infringing norms of respectful verbal

in Everything must change
Rustam Alexander

contributions on other articles of the Criminal Code, we might speculate that most of the scholars present found detailed discussions uncomfortable. As legal experts they would most likely have been inadequately prepared to objectively examine the issue. As Igor Kon has noted, the ‘suppression of sexual culture’ and absence of ‘adequate understanding of sexuality in the public consciousness’, peculiar to the Stalin era and certainly still prevalent during the early years of Khrushchev’s rule, would have inhibited open discussion. 16 Interestingly, despite the Gertsenzon

in Regulating homosexuality in Soviet Russia, 1956–91
Abstract only
Joy in the metropolis
Leif Jerram

, yet, few in the mainstream ever proposed leaving the city, destroying it, razing it to the ground. Discussion of the city by experts and laity was dominated by metaphors of reform, not revolution. Furthermore, they explored their critique of the city through thoroughly modern means – developing the knowledge and practice of planning; through schooling; through commodifying both past times and present places into Heimat. The mainstream of German urban discourse critiqued modernity, without ever proposing to abandon it. However, this moderate mainstream of

in Germany’s other modernity
Vanessa Heggie

In 1987, nearly three decades after the founding of the British Olympic Association’s first Medical Committee, the British Olympic Medical Centre was opened at Northwick Park Hospital. Its opening symbolises the full institutionalisation of elite, specialist sports medicine. Given that the last chapter described the self-creation of sports medicine as a discipline which focused on just these sorts of bodies, the opening of this centre should come as no surprise. But the dominant theme of this chapter is rather the provision of this sort of specialist and expert

in A history of British sports medicine
Assessing European health, spaces and mobilities in South-Central Africa, c.1859–c.1940
Markku Hokkanen

Livingstone enabled three Zambesi and UMCA veterans to establish themselves as experts on health in Africa: Kirk went on to carve out a successful political career in Zanzibar; Dr James Stewart took up the leadership of Lovedale Mission in Cape Colony and later headed the Livingstonia project; 7 and Horace Waller was central to the rebuilding of Livingstone's reputation and legacy. 8 Although Waller upheld

in Medicine, mobility and the empire
Ed Randall

Department of Health (DoH), had tried to do the same thing, in what were represented at the time as authoritative statements about the infinitesimal risk that BSE posed to the meat-eating public. Government health experts, professionals who were believed to be above party politics and government spin, were seen to have reinforced ministerial 70 chap4.indd 70 24/02/2009 13:46:06 BSE and vCJD messages that it was safe to eat beef. Any UK resident who had accepted their reassurances that BSE did not pose a significant threat to human health and had continued to eat beef

in Food, risk and politics
Aeron Davis

Introduction Many of the sources of modern-day elite power have changed. Leaders don't all have exclusive educations, stockpiles of money, established old-boys’ clubs and secure jobs. But they do possess alternative resources: secrecy and invisibility, access to expert knowledge, connections with new flexible networks and, above all, mobility. In fact, in our globalised, unstable world, mobility has become ‘the principle tool of power and domination’. 1 For ordinary souls, mobility is

in Reckless opportunists
Anna Killick

different political beliefs and go on to vote for different political parties or economic policies. I consider the role of education, which some will argue is more significant than income. I turn to a theme that is an undercurrent throughout this book: trust in expertise. Trust in economic expertise seems to be a circular phenomenon. How people understand the term ‘the economy’ may affect how predisposed they are to trust economic experts, and at the same time perceptions of economic expertise may shape understandings of the term ‘the economy’. I draw on survey evidence

in Rigged