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Jim Phillips

3 The Scottish industrial politics of the strike Coal production ceased on 12 March in Scotland, but solidarity across the coalfield was still being consolidated one week later, when the NUMSA and SCEBTA strike committee met for the first time. Picketing was still required at Barony, where some miners were appealing for a national ballot, and at Bilston Glen. 1 These partial divisions were acknowledged in a press statement issued by Eric Clarke for NUMSA on 15 March, which referred in low-key terms to the ‘growing sense of unity’ among Scotland’s miners. Clarke

in Collieries, communities and the miners’ strike in Scotland, 1984–85
William Welstead

Any discussion of sheep and their representation in contemporary Scottish poetry is overshadowed by the history of the clearance of highlanders from their crofts to make way for the ‘great sheep’. The story of the Highland Clearances is well covered elsewhere, for example by T. M. Devine ( 2018 ), but the cruelty and injustices associated with the movement of peasant farmers from their land is still keenly felt in Highland communities. The highly political play The Cheviot, the Stag and the Black, Black Oil ( 1974 ) uses the Cheviot breed of

in Writing on sheep
Felicity Loughlin

Antiquity held an important place in the Scottish Enlightenment. Throughout the eighteenth century, classical languages and literature were deeply embedded in the curricula of Scotland’s universities. Printing presses, such as the Foulis Press in Glasgow, responded to the demand for classical texts and competed to produce the finest editions of Greek and Roman masterpieces. 1 Immersion in the classics inspired many of the literati to publish histories of the laws, governments and customs of ancient nations. 2 This chapter explores an important dimension of

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland
Hamish Mathison

The sun had clos’d the winter-day , The Curlers quat their roaring play, And hunger’d Maukin taen her way      To kail-yards green, While faithless snaws ilk step betray      Whare she has been. 1 The loss of light begins and ends this chapter. It proposes that the use and embodiment of the supernatural in eighteenth-century Scottish verse holds to the key term and opaque conjunction ‘as if’. It proposes that the idea of the supernatural allowed people in eighteenth-century Scotland to wrestle with the idea of a new and elusive descriptor

in The supernatural in early modern Scotland
Peter Maxwell-Stuart

5 Beyond the witch trials Witchcraft and magic in Scotland Witchcraft and magic in eighteenth-century Scotland Peter Maxwell-Stuart On 20 October 1711 Defoe published in the periodical Review his well-known and unambiguous opinion on the subject of witches: There are, and ever have been such People in the World, who converse Familiarly with the Devil, enter into Compact with him, and receive Power from him, both to hurt and deceive, and these have been in all Ages call’d Witches, and it is these, that our Law and God’s Law Condemn’s as such; and I think there

in Beyond the witch trials
Martin MacGregor

6 Chapter 7 The spoken word The genealogical histories of Gaelic Scotland The genealogical histories of Gaelic Scotland Martin MacGregor INTRODUCTION: CONTEXTS FOR THE GENRE ‘Gaelic’ genealogical history is a convenient term to use to represent a genre of history writing which flourished between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries in the Scottish Gàidhealtachd, or Gaelic-speaking area. The genre consists of the histories of the specific clans to which their authors belonged or were connected; it employs English as its normal language, even though the

in The spoken word
Daniel Szechi

Chapter 5 . The geopolitics of the Enterprise of Scotland In February 1707 Louis XIV declared that he was ‘so moved by the imminent threat to the freedom of Scotland under the false pretence of a closer union with England that he is resolved to give the Scots, his old allies, what help he can to aid them in resisting the yoke of servitude their secret enemies have prepared for them’.1 And in a sense this was truly Louis’s motive in ordering the invasion of Scotland. Rhetoric mattered in early modern Europe, and perhaps above all for monarchs. None the less it

in Britain’s lost revolution?
The secret correspondence of James VI, 1601–3
Alexander Courtney

Chapter 7 . The Scottish King and the English court: the secret correspondence of James VI, 1601–3 Alexander Courtney F reshly proclaimed as King of England, James VI and I addressed his thanks to Sir Robert Cecil: ‘How happy I think myself in the conquest of so faithful and so wise a counsellor’.1 The peaceful manner of James’s accession to the English throne was, to many contemporaries, astonishing; but no less remarkable was the survival into the new reign of Cecil as the monarch’s leading counsellor. Since the middle of the previous decade, James

in Doubtful and dangerous
Author: Mairi Cowan

This book examines lay religious culture in Scottish towns between the Black Death and the Protestant Reformation. Part I looks at what the living did to influence the dead and at how the dead were believed to influence the living in turn. It shows that the living and the dead shared a reciprocal relationship of obligation and assistance, and that the bonds between the two groups were especially strong when they involved blood or guild kinship. Part II considers the overlapping communities in Scottish towns where people could personalize religious expression in a meaningful social context. Part III focuses on the period between 1350 and 1560 as one of disruption and development. It assesses weaknesses in the Scottish ecclesiastical structure and instances of religious dissent, and then it considers the Scottish Church’s response to these challenges. Two main arguments run through the book. The first is that most laypeople in Scottish towns continued to participate in orthodox Catholic practices right through to the mid-sixteenth century. The second major argument is that Catholic religious practices in Scottish towns underwent a significant shift between 1350 and 1560. This shift, which is most easily perceived when Scotland is considered within the broader European transition from the medieval to the early modern period, brought with it a kind of pre-Reformation reformation in religious practice.

Marina Dekavalla

32 2 The Scottish constitutional issue and the 2014 referendum Insofar as democratic politics can ever influence social change, it probably does so through a dialectic of this sort –​radical pressure, slow establishment response, compromise that leads to disillusion among the radicals, and then in turn the next round of pressure. (Paterson, 2015: 27) The 2014 Scottish referendum was the first time the Scottish electorate had the opportunity to decide whether the nation would stay in the United Kingdom or become an independent country. It was the result of a

in Framing referendum campaigns in the news