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Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

where MSF has its added value, and after seeing the health system was on the verge of collapse, MSF directly collaborated with local authorities responding to COVID-19. Initial efforts focused on proposing and executing solutions for the decongestion of hospital emergency services, the supply of oxygen and the maintenance of referral systems in the two regions with the highest morbidity and mortality, Madrid and Barcelona. Once the intervention had started, it soon became

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat, Elba Rahmouni, and Léon Salumu

: The Ndhiwa project was being devised at a key moment in HIV research. In 2008, the Swiss health authorities claimed – in what would come to be known as the Swiss Statement – that patients who were taking their medications correctly were no longer contagious. That claim, which was especially crucial to serodiscordant couples, 6 was the subject of debates at that year’s IAS [International AIDS Society] conference in Mexico: Has this really been proven? and Can we

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

Introduction One morning in Goma, I attended a meeting of the Cercle de la Sécurité : a group of Congolese humanitarians who work in security management for different international NGOs (non-governmental organisations) in the province. Although they hold a variety of different job titles, the members perform a common function within their respective organisations: they analyse local security conditions by collecting information about protracted violence and acts of criminality. They form and maintain a network among different local authorities and armed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

the Netherlands called Gefira ( Pellagatta, 2018 ). A report from the group ( Gefira, 2016a ) claimed to have found proof that, in October 2016, the Italian coastguard authorities and an SAR vessel had foreknowledge of a rescue, showing contact and planning with smugglers. The basis for this was a single tweet by a Dutch journalist on board the rescue vessel Golfo Azzurro from 10–12 hours before the rescue occurred. The captain of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Marc Le Pape and Michaël Neuman

know what is happening due to the uncertainties intrinsic to situations of extreme violence, to the fears they – to a certain extent – share, feel and overcome, to the practices of the various armed groups and authorities, and to unexpected events. The contents of this issue could have been organised in several possible ways – according to the country the studies looked at, or to their main focus of interest. We chose the latter approach, distinguishing between three categories of studies: those that focused on medical aid activities (Hakim Khaldi, Abdulkarim

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

Rwanda. Then, faced with RPF success on the battlefield and at the negotiating table, these few powerholders transformed the strategy of ethnic division into genocide. They believed that the extermination campaign would restore the solidarity of the Hutu under their leadership and help them win the war, or at least improve their chances of negotiating a favorable peace. They seized control of the state and used its machinery and its authority to carry out the slaughter. ( Des Forges, 1999 : 1–2) In this succinct passage, Des Forges wants to make clear that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James, Joseph Grace Kasereka, and Shelley Lees

, and we established systems to maintain the confidentiality of our data. Methods included ethnographic observation at vaccine clinics, thirty-one in-depth interviews with trial participants, fifteen interviews at the exits of vaccine clinics, as well as eight in-depth interviews with politicians, traditional medical practitioners, civil society activists and health authorities. The article also draws from five focus group discussions with trial participants and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

at the turn of the century as ‘the new super brands’, has also shaped the treatment of this issue ( Wootliff and Deri, 2001 ). As INGOs are increasingly ‘super brands’, with global recognition and power, and budgets to match, it is unsurprising that their corporate instinct is to protect their ‘brand’ at all costs. This is compounded by the fact that INGOs gain their authority and agency not only through their perceived expertise – which might be very

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

system of values. It sought to build a tower to reach heaven. But God, taking this as a challenge to his exclusive authority, divided humanity, scattering people and giving each nation a different tongue and a different system of values so that they would not understand each other, nor develop their power collectively. Later, compromising his ‘universality’, God chose one people to carry out his designs, to be the instrument of his will and to wage wars against all the peoples he had created and dispersed across the earth. Our hypothesis here

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

propaganda films, shows that aid workers do have some means of pressuring captors, including groups as radical and determined as the IS. Similarly, there are no ‘purely criminal’ abductions, whose perpetrators are completely impervious to any social or political pressure. To act, criminal networks need support from citizens and authorities. 9 Their actions may give rise to social and political backlash, increasing the costs of their crimes. According to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs