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Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

Transnational resistance in Europe, 1936–48
Editors: Robert Gildea and Ismee Tames

This work demonstrates that resistance to occupation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy during the Second World War has to be seen through a transnational, not a national, lens. It explores how people often resisted outside their country of origin because they were migrants, refugees or exiles who were already on the move. It traces their trajectories and encounters with other resisters and explores their experiences, including changes of beliefs, practices and identities. The book is a powerful, subtle and thought-provoking alternative to works on the Second World War that focus on single countries or on grand strategy. It is a ‘bottom up’ story of extraordinary individuals and groups who resisted oppression from Spain to the Soviet Union and the Balkans. It challenges the standard chronology of the war, beginning with the formation of the International Brigades in Spain and following through to the onset of the Cold War and the foundation of the state of Israel. This is a collective project by a team of international historians led by Robert Gildea, author of Fighters in the Shadows: A New History of the French Resistance (Faber & Faber, 2015). These have explored archives across Europe, the USA, Russia and Israel in order to unearth scores of fascinating individual stories which are woven together into themed chapters and a powerful new interpretation. The book is aimed at undergraduates and graduates working on twentieth-century Europe and the Second World War or interested in the possibilities of transnational history.

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Azzedine Haddour

’s ‘Colonialism Is a System’, Fanon contends the status of Algeria is defined by its ‘systematized de-humanization’.24 In his letter of resignation, he denounces assimilation as a sham: ‘the lawlessness, the inequality, the multi-daily murder of man [which] were raised to the status of legislative principles’.25 He concludes that decolonization is the only way out of the absolute dehumanization in which the colonized lived. The colonial doctrine of assimilation succeeded only in denying the colonized a historical agency. In The Wretched of the Earth, Fanon represents a

in Frantz Fanon, postcolonialism and the ethics of difference
The anthem of decolonization?
Azzedine Haddour

5 The Wretched of the Earth: the anthem of decolonization? Introduction In ‘La Socialthérapie dans un service d’hommes musulmans’, Fanon claims that psychiatry failed to take into account the importance of colonial politics in its analysis of madness. The assimilationist laws were at the origin of the alienation – in its psychiatric and socio-political sense of the term – of the colonized subject. As has been ascertained in the previous chapter, the assimilationist laws expropriated and displaced the colonized people, thereby negatively impacting on their

in Frantz Fanon, postcolonialism and the ethics of difference
Richard Werbner

Chapter 10 moves the focus from colonial to postcolonial Africa, asking how anthropologists have understood the postcolonial, and how their understandings relate to those of mainstream postcolonial studies. Most anthropological approaches to the postcolonial have not been underwritten by a simple narrative periodization of pre-colonial, colonial and postcolonial. The colonial legacy has instead been taken as problematic and contested, to be understood in the light of deepening social inequality across postcolonial states, and in consequence sometimes freighted with nostalgia for an imaginary past of colonial or pre-colonial sociality. Thanks in part to widespread disenchantment with liberation struggles and with the postcolonial fruits of nationalism, many anthropologists of Africa have looked to the longue durée to periodize the postcolonial. Views on the general direction of change vary between the extremes of the over-optimistic Polyannas and the Cassandras, with their relentless rehearsals of disorder and apocalypse now. Their disagreement is not due entirely to differences between the postcolonies they address, but extends to opposed analyses of the local impact of global discourses on human rights and democracy, to religious movements towards grassroots ecumenism, to debates about ‘decolonization’, and beyond this to an ocean of postcolonial debate about poverty and ‘development’.

in Anthropology after Gluckman
Azzedine Haddour

into account the ‘heterogeneity’ of power. These critics often criticize Fanon for reproducing the polarities constructed by the discourse of colonialism. The process of decolonization initiated by Fanon meant an overturning and simultaneous displacing of the terms of binary oppositions. The ‘reversal’ of the hierarchical coupling of these terms and the subsequent ‘displacement’ of the structure in which these terms are conceived are two separate stages of political resistance. I concur with Benita Parry’s view that Fanon represents this first stage which is of

in Frantz Fanon, postcolonialism and the ethics of difference
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Reframing cultures of decolonisation
Ruth Craggs and Claire Wintle

‘decolonisation’ beyond this metropolitan focus and prioritised the perspectives and agency of those located beyond Europe. Key contributions in the ‘decentred’ cultural history of decolonisation and anti-colonialism include Frederick Cooper’s work on labour relations in Africa, Philippa Levine’s writing on ‘gendering decolonisation’, and a series of recent edited volumes: James D. Le Sueur’s Decolonization

in Cultures of decolonisation
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Alanna O’Malley

, destiny and the fate of Third Worldism’, Third World Quarterly, 25:1 (2004), 9–​39; S. Jensen, The Making of International Human Rights: The 1960s, Decolonization and the Reconstruction of Global Values (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016); W.R. Louis and R. Robinson, ‘The imperialism of decolonization’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 22:3 (1994), 462–​511; W.R. Louis, ‘Public enemy number one: Britain and the United Nations in the aftermath of Suez’, in Martin Lynn (ed.), The British Empire in the 1950s: Retreat or Revival? (New York: Palgrave

in The diplomacy of decolonisation
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Rhetorics of empire
Martin Thomas and Richard Toye

to the death-throes of European empires three generations later. Imperial rhetoric, we argue, camouflaged the violence of empires but was, at the same time, used to conjure images of imperial progress and generous decolonization.The chapters that follow thus explore the rhetorical devices used by political and military leaders, administrators, investors and lobbyists to justify colonial domination

in Rhetorics of empire
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Joseph M. Hodge and Gerald Hödl

Colonial Development Fund to be £17,286,773 by March 1939. See Constantine, The Making of British Colonial Development Policy , pp. 164–226. 57 By 1939, the empire absorbed over 40 per cent of French exports, and supplied 37 per cent of France’s imports. See Martin Thomas, ‘The Roots of French Decolonization: Ideas

in Developing Africa