of the great
English hero. This sets the scene for the contrasted portrayal that
is to come of his son and heir, Henry VI. But, as this chapter
argues, Shakespeare is also playing with the forms with which
this telescoping is achieved: the forms of news.
All three messengers come with news from France.
Shakespeare’s play thus echoes a current preoccupation of the
The modern global humanitarian system takes the form it does because it is underpinned by
liberal world order, the post-1945 successor to the imperial world of the nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries and the global political and economic system the European empires created.
Humanitarian space, as we have come to know it in the late twentieth century, is liberal space,
even if many of those engaged in humanitarian action would rather not see themselves as liberals.
To the extent that there is something constitutively
don’t have the power to make good on whatever has
been agreed. And this is assuming major Western governments still believe it to be important to
support relief agencies.
The political landscape in which the humanitarian movement took current form has changed
radically. Even a ‘centrist restoration’ in the US and Europe might not be enough
to prevent this movement’s relative decline. In Giuseppe di Lampedusa’s The
Leopard , one of the principle characters says of the revolutionary era in which the
novel is set: ‘For things to remain the same
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell
‘Armed conflict’ is commonly reduced to a dummy variable in analyses of
the causes and dynamics of acute food security crises, while ‘political
will’ (or lack thereof) substitutes for a lack of analysis of the logic of
elite political actions. We assess how the PMF might open up these analytical
‘black boxes’ and thereby help explain the dynamics that lead to such
2. How can understanding PM systems complement other forms of
humanitarian analysis to
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo
observe that the age of child marriage is rising ( Koski et al. , 2017 ). Different to South Asia, where most of the research on child marriage has occurred, girls in some African countries have greater autonomy in choosing a spouse ( Petroni et al. , 2017 ). Humanitarian agencies have frequently framed CEFM as a form of gender-based violence (GBV) ( Plan International, 2018 : 1; CARE, 2014 ), and this framework has also been presented by others ( Belhorma, 2016 ).
The practice of child marriage is influenced by multiple drivers which vary depending on the context
In this article I demonstrate the significance of a flexible approach to
examining the autobiographical in early eighteenth-century womens writing. Using
‘old stories’, existing and developing narrative and literary forms, womens
autobiographical writing can be discovered in places other than the more
recognizable forms such as diaries and memoirs. Jane Barker and Delarivier
Manley‘s works are important examples of the dynamic and creative use of
cross-genre autobiographical writing. The integration of themselves in their
fictional and poetic works demonstrates the potential of generic fluidity for
innovative ways to express and explore the self in textual forms.
Technologies of Surveillance, Knowledge and Power in Paramount Budget
William Thomas McClain
Film production at Paramount Pictures during the so-called classical era required the
mobilisation of massive material and human capital that depended on institutional
systems of surveillance, knowledge creation and control ranging from departmental
affiliations to the pre-printed budget forms. This article focuses on those
pre-printed budget forms as technologies of knowledge and power, revealing that the
necessities of creating and managing coalitions of expert labourers created
alternative power centres and spaces where being the object of surveillance was
itself a source of power. It concludes by discussing the implications of this ecology
for the historiography of Hollywood.
In discussions of conflict, war and political violence, dead bodies count. Although the
politics and practices associated with the collection of violent-death data are seldom
subject to critical examination, they are crucial to how scholars and practitioners think
about how and why conflict and violence erupt. Knowledge about conflict deaths – the who,
what, where, when, why and how – is a form of expertise, created, disseminated and used by
different agents. This article highlights the ways in which body counts are deployed as
social facts and forms of knowledge that are used to shape and influence policies and
practices associated with armed conflict. It traces the way in which conflict-death data
emerged, and then examines critically some of the practices and assumptions of data
collection to shed light on how claims to expertise are enacted and on how the public
arena connects (or not) with scholarly conflict expertise.
Wallace explores nineteenth-century ghost stories written by Elizabeth Gaskell, and later tales by May Sinclair, and Elizabeth Bowen. Using ideas drawn from Modleski and Irigaray she argues that such tales explore how a patriarchal culture represses/buries images of the maternal. She further argues that the ghost story enabled women writers to evade the marriage plots which dominated the earlier Radcliffean Female Gothic, meaning that they could offer a more radical critique of male power, violence and predatory sexuality than was possible in either the realist, or indeed Gothic, novel. Wallace argues that the ghost story functions as the ‘double’ or the ‘unconscious’ of the novel, giving form to what has to be repressed in the longer, more ‘respectable’ form.
Aquarium Colonies and Nineteenth-Century Narratives of Marine Monstrosity
In this essay the author proposes that a detailed study of the context of the production and reception of the spate of best-selling marine natural history books published in the 1850s provides an important and neglected opportunity for understanding Victorian conceptions of evolutionary,and anthropological monstrosity. Whilst the ape has received a good deal of attention as the primary evolutionary icon, through which the Victorians dreamed their nightmares of descent, the marine invertebrate has been much neglected. However, represented by evolutionists as the first life forms on the planet from which all higher life forms had evolved, marine invertebrates were an important alternative evolutionary ancestor, and were used to express ideas about the `nature of class, race and masculinity‘.