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Central African medicines and poisons and knowledge-making in the empire, c.1859–c.1940
Markku Hokkanen

involved the Lomwe, recent migrants from Mozambique. 64 Lomwe workers were later characterised as being particularly unwilling to report sickness by colonial officials investigating labour conditions in Cholo district in 1931. 65 Despite the generalising nature of such colonial statements, there may have been pronounced suspicion towards colonial authorities and health

in Medicine, mobility and the empire
Anandi Ramamurthy

groups by 1900 about slave-labour conditions on the cocoa estates of two Portuguese controlled islands, Sao Thomé and Principe, off the coast of West Africa. Sao Thomé cocoa was known to be of good quality and although Cadbury’s and other cocoa manufacturers did not buy cocoa direct from the islands, a third of the cocoa from Sao Thomé was imported into England in the 1900s and

in Imperial persuaders
Anandi Ramamurthy

contexts of images, although I realise that it is not always possible to analyse advertising images in this way. Soap advertising enables an exploration of the soap companies’ interests in the palm oil resources of West Africa. Cocoa advertising reveals company interests in raw materials, as well as specific kinds of labour conditions. Tea marketing enables company interests in particular kinds of production

in Imperial persuaders
Abstract only
Wharf labourers and the colonial port
Frances Steel

blunders year after year as we do’. 56 Indigenous workers also influenced the course of this developing industry through demands for improved labour conditions. From the early 1900s, the USSCo., rather than the colonial state, met increasing demands for travel and food allowances to and from Suva and provided housing for men during their employment in town. In 1911 translated

in Oceania under steam
Abstract only
Cultures of maritime technology
Frances Steel

, reciprocating engines and other mechanisms were often described for their technical wonder, it was unusual to read of the living and working conditions of the men who built and operated these vessels, or to see crew members in the photographs and posters of ships which instead emphasised mechanical size and scale. 37 This deflected attention from less than salutary labour conditions on board, particularly in

in Oceania under steam
Gabriele Griffin

different directions. Bourdieu and Standing are concerned with labour conditions and class identity, with the ways in which the rise of temporary, part-time, casualized low-waged work within neo-liberal, globalized economies together with the erosion of social benefits and opportunities for collective bargaining have generated worker insecurity and led to the emergence of a new kind of class, the precariat who ‘liv[e]‌ and work … in insecure jobs and conditions of life’ (Standing, 2012 : 589). Although the issue of whether the precariat is a class in the classic Marxist

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Abstract only
Patrick Thornberry

ILO undertook studies on the labour conditions of indigenous and tribal workers, particularly the forced labour of so-called native populations in colonies.2 In 1926 the Governing Body 1 In addition to the two specific conventions, Convention No. 29 – (the Forced Labour Convention 1930); No. 111 – the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention 1958; and No. 182 – the Convention on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour 1999, are among those relevant to indigenous peoples. 2 See the section on the ILO in the Martinez-Cobo Report, UN Doc. E/CN.4

in Indigenous peoples and human rights
The discourse of unbridled capitalism in post-war Hong Kong
Mark Hampton

Kong’s labour conditions attracted the periodic attention of social reformers and manufacturing interests in Britain. In the mid-1960s, Elsie Elliott’s campaigns included visits to London to encourage parliamentary intervention. 57 David Clayton has shown that British governmental pressure was crucial in pushing the adoption of the eight-hour day for female workers in the late 1960s, and London

in The cultural construction of the British world
Georgina Sinclair

time he had been critical of the force’s overall efficiency. A decade later he reported that their efficacy had deteriorated still further. He explained this deterioration in terms of the post-war environment in which he observed changes in the political situation, labour conditions, trade union activities, education, cinemas

in At the end of the line

labour conditions, environmental standards, the sharing of economic benefits and other locally important concerns such as the protection of sacred sites. Social licensing in mining was defensively adopted by an industry distrusted by stakeholders and threatened by opposition groups and has often been contained at local community level. Its subsequent history shows that it is not a policy fix but a work in progress, which depends on community social capital and the political articulation of demands by networks of stakeholders at regional and national levels necessary to

in Foundational Economy