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John Beckett

VII W.G. Hoskins and the founding of modern local history In the years prior to the Second World War local history struggled to maintain its credibility with the community of professional historians who concerned themselves with politics, the state, and constitutional matters. Local studies were seen as a means of contributing to the understanding of these issues, but in themselves they were considered to have value only as contributions to antiquarian study. Local history gained acceptance only within economic history. After 1945 much was to change

in Writing local history
Paul Collinson

3 Environmental attitudes, community development, and local politics in Ireland Paul Collinson Anyone who has ever visited Ireland will be immediately struck by the natural beauty of the country. From the rugged uplands of the west, the golden beaches of Cork and Kerry, the rolling drumlins of the midlands to the sea cliffs of the north, Ireland is undoubtedly blessed with one of the richest and most diverse environmental endowments in Europe. Attracted by tourist brochures and advertisements which play heavily on images of Ireland as a rural paradise, tourists

in Alternative countrysides
J. A. Chandler

13 Accounting for the evolution of local government in Britain There is no single factor that accounts for the distancing of the British system of local government from that of France or the USA. The evolution of the British system can be explained as an accretion of changes that have accumulated over the last 200 years and most significantly between 1900 and 1920. In 1832 the structure of sub-national government in Britain, although by no means a replica of the system in France or the USA was, nevertheless, far more comparable than is the case 175 years later

in Explaining local government
Jan Broadway

Chapter 1 . The development of local history in England before 1660 L ocal history as a distinctive genre of written history can hardly be said to exist before the fifteenth century. The conditions were not auspicious for its development, since it was – and to a large extent remains – dependent upon a local readership. In the medieval period, the lack of a literate lay readership militated against the development of the genre. Local and family traditions almost certainly thrived in a vibrant oral culture, but only occasional clues as to its nature and extent

in ‘No historie so meete’
Abstract only
Mary McAleese

12 All peace is local President Mary McAleese Introduction Mary McAleese was inaugurated President of Ireland at a ceremony in Dublin Castle’s historic St Patrick’s Hall on 11 November 1997, having successfully campaigned for the country’s highest office on the nomination of Fianna Fail. It was a mark of the respect that she had earned during her seven-year term that in 2004 she was the sole candidate for the office, serving for a further seven years, the most that the Constitution allows. In 1997, she had made history by becoming the first person from Northern

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
The Dragon’s Trilogy
Karen Fricker

1 Local, global, universal? The Dragon’s Trilogy Québec is multiple, it is in the global village, and not just in the franco­phonie. It has to be part of the world! My nationalist act is to make theatre here and abroad, with my roots and my languages, my history. (qtd in Lévesque ‘Archange’)i Robert Lepage made this statement in 1992, less than a decade after his international reputation was launched with the touring success of the epic group production La Trilogie des dragons/The Dragon’s Trilogy and the solo show Vinci. While affirming the central place of

in Robert Lepage’s original stage productions
Bernhard Zeller, Charles West, Francesca Tinti, Marco Stoffella, Nicolas Schroeder, Carine van Rhijn, Steffen Patzold, Thomas Kohl, Wendy Davies, and Miriam Czock

This chapter discusses the basic constituents of early medieval rural societies. It focuses on material dimensions, such as settlement, topography and access to resources, as well as on fundamental factors that define the position of individuals within local societies and groups, such as legal status and socio-economic stratification. The first section therefore draws on recent settlement archaeology to discuss the shape, size and internal organisation of rural settlements. The second section deals with the socio-economic and legal stratification of local

in Neighbours and strangers
A case study from Counter-Reformation Spain
Katrina B. Olds

Local antiquaries and the expansive sense of the past: a case study from Counter-Reformation Spain 8 Katrina B. Olds Local Spanish antiquaries, like their counterparts elsewhere in early modern Europe, collected inscriptions, coins and other evidence of their communities’ origins, conflictive medieval past and glorious present. Yet they also apprehended the past from a comparatively expansive perspective, one that admitted Punic, Ibero-Celtic, Arabic and ‘Gothic’ evidence for consideration alongside Greco-Roman antiquities. During the seventeenth century

in Local antiquities, local identities
A genealogical enquiry
Małgorzata Jakimów

traditions, and how this tension, in turn, was translated into citizenship education in post-Maoist China, which promoted the paternalistic, state-obedient ideal of citizenship. The final section discusses how the combined forces of the hierarchical rural–urban imaginary, the hukou system and the prescribed citizenship practices of obedience and passivity have interplayed with local state policies in urban China. I analyse three cities in particular – Shenzhen, Beijing and Hangzhou – as these are the locations of the majority of NGOs in this study, and three key

in China’s citizenship challenge
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

Introduction One morning in Goma, I attended a meeting of the Cercle de la Sécurité : a group of Congolese humanitarians who work in security management for different international NGOs (non-governmental organisations) in the province. Although they hold a variety of different job titles, the members perform a common function within their respective organisations: they analyse local security conditions by collecting information about protracted violence and acts of criminality. They form and maintain a network among different local authorities and armed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs