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On Worms and Skin in Bram Stoker‘s Later Fiction
David Glover

This essay examines The Lair of the White Worms cultural logic, its mobilization of that dense network of specific historical references - to mesmerism, physiognomy, alienism, degeneration, and theories of race - which underlies so much of Bram Stoker‘s output. It is argued that Stokers last novel can serve as a kind of summa for Stoker‘s entire oeuvre, casting a retrospective eye over precisely those ethnological concerns that had animated his writings from beginning to end. For, in Stoker‘s imaginary the monstrous is always inscribed within a topography of race that his novels at once challenge and confirm by bringing pressure to bear on the whole scientific project of a general anthropology at its most vulnerable point: the distinction between the human and the near-human, between the species form and its exceptions.

Gothic Studies
Michael Goodrum and Philip Smith

7 ‘We are a species that fears itself most of all’ – race in the 1960s and 1970s During the 1940s and 1950s, as previously established, people of colour were underrepresented in comics. In the 1970s, publishers, who had once readily evoked racist stereotypes, were now cautious of causing offence but uncertain as to how to reach new, and retain old, markets. They thus tended either to approach the question of race through allegory or simply to omit people of colour from their works. While many comics publishers were broadly opposed to overt racism, they

in Printing terror
Open Access (free)
James Baldwin, Teju Cole, and Glenn Ligon
Monika Gehlawat

This essay uses Edward Said’s theory of affiliation to consider the relationship between James Baldwin and contemporary artists Teju Cole and Glenn Ligon, both of whom explicitly engage with their predecessor’s writing in their own work. Specifically, Baldwin’s essay “Stranger in the Village” (1953) serves a through-line for this discussion, as it is invoked in Cole’s essay “Black Body” and Ligon’s visual series, also titled Stranger in the Village. In juxtaposing these three artists, I argue that they express the dialectical energy of affiliation by articulating ongoing concerns of race relations in America while distinguishing themselves from Baldwin in terms of periodization, medium-specificity, and their broader relationship to Western art practice. In their adoption of Baldwin, Cole and Ligon also imagine a way beyond his historical anxieties and writing-based practice, even as they continue to reinscribe their own work with his arguments about the African-American experience. This essay is an intermedial study that reads fiction, nonfiction, language-based conceptual art and mixed media, as well as contemporary politics and social media in order consider the nuances of the African-American experience from the postwar period to our contemporary moment. Concerns about visuality/visibility in the public sphere, narrative voice, and self-representation, as well as access to cultural artifacts and aesthetic engagement, all emerge in my discussion of this constellation of artists. As a result, this essay identifies an emblematic, though not exclusive, strand of African-American intellectual thinking that has never before been brought together. It also demonstrates the ongoing relevance of Baldwin’s thinking for the contemporary political scene in this country.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Presumed black immunity to yellow fever and the racial politics of burial labour in 1855 Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia
Michael D. Thompson

Epidemic disease regularly tore through nineteenth-century American cities, triggering public health crises and economic upheaval. These epidemic panics also provoked new racialised labour regimes, affecting the lives of innumerable working people. During yellow fever outbreaks, white authorities and employers preferred workers of colour over ‘unacclimated’ white immigrants, reflecting a common but mistaken belief in black invulnerability. This article chronicles enslaved burial labourers in antebellum Virginia, who leveraged this notion to seize various privileges – and nearly freedom. These episodes demonstrate that black labour, though not always black suffering or lives, mattered immensely to white officials managing these urban crises. Black workers were not mere tools for protecting white wealth and health, however, as they often risked torment and death to capitalise on employers’ desperation for their essential labour. This history exposes racial and socioeconomic divergence between those able to shelter or flee from infection, and those compelled to remain exposed and exploitable.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Confronting racial diversity
Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

168 9 From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity In 2009, the controversial Melbourne tabloid columnist Andrew Bolt wrote an article criticising white-skinned people who identified as Aboriginal for the purpose of taking up indigenous awards and scholarships. One of those he targeted was a newly named Fulbrighter. Mark McMillan was a legal scholar who had just been awarded the 2009 Fulbright Indigenous scholarship (discussed in chapter ten). The irony would not be lost on McMillan, who was heading to Arizona State

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Michele Elam

This piece presents an overview of the events organized in New York to celebrate what would have been James Baldwin’s 90th year.

James Baldwin Review
Stephen Catterall and Keith Gildart

7 Race, gender, sexuality and the politics of northern soul There were increasing racial tensions in Britain throughout the 1970s, with street violence, institutional racism and a popular discourse that stereotyped and stigmatised minorities. These episodes generated an organisational response through groups such as Rock Against Racism (RAR) and the Anti-Nazi League (ANL).1 This chapter explores the ways in which northern soul was formed through a white British rearticulation of the discourses of black music, politics and cultural symbols. The scene never

in Keeping the faith
Ian Scott

race war and he confessed to being an avowed white supremacist. His actions reached back into what Jelani Cobb described, a week after the murders, as the ‘vintage rationalisations for terrorist violence in American history’. Roof reputedly told one of his victims that: ‘You are raping our women and taking over the country.’ These agitations were precisely the ones expressed in a cultural touchstone for views on violence and miscegenation that Cobb highlighted: D.W. Griffith's 1915 film, The Birth of a Nation . 2 Griffith's portrayal of the rise of the Ku

in The films of Costa-Gavras
Physicians and their therapies for the Cold War
Claudia Kemper

v 10 v ‘The nuclear arms race is psychological at its roots’:1 physicians and their therapies for the Cold War Claudia Kemper ‘Wars begin in the mind, but the mind is also capable of preventing war.’2 The Cold War from a medical perspective Physicians are members of a respected profession and at the same time an elite minority, whose special social position is particularly called upon when state and society find themselves in a crisis, above all in armed conflict.3 Traditionally, physicians involved in conflicts carry out their role after an episode of

in Understanding the imaginary war
Heather Streets

officers, and demonstrates the cultural impact such interventions could have. Equally important, through his extensive use of the Victorian media, Roberts inevitably brought his preoccupation with martial race ideology before a very wide public. From despatches written during the Second Afghan War to interviews, speeches and his own best-selling book, Roberts’s characterisations of Highlanders, Sikhs and

in Martial races