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Charles Gaines by way of conclusion
Nizan Shaked

A state of passionate detachment: Charles Gaines by way of conclusion I use color not as an affective gesture but as a code to establish difference. But the color (dealing with sense) is emotive in relation to the object (that is, it contributes poetically to the meaning of the object). I believe this poetic meaning is as much a function of the system as it is the object, thus, what is being represented, an object?/system? Both separately? I believe one cannot be separated from the other, certainly it is not a representation of both separately, but both as a uni

in The synthetic proposition
Exhumations of Soviet-era victims in contemporary Russia
Viacheslav Bitiutckii

5 State secrets and concealed bodies: exhumations of Soviet-era victims in contemporary Russia1 Viacheslav Bitiutckii Introduction This chapter discusses the search for, exhumation, and identification of the remains of victims of mass political repression during the Stalinist Great Terror (1937–38) in the USSR. It does not consider those who died in the concentration camps and prisons of the Gulag system, but concentrates rather on those who were subjected to the severest form of repression, that is, those who were shot following sentencing during judicial or

in Human remains and identification
Understanding the dynamics and conflicts of hydrocarbon management

Gas and oil are pivotal to the functioning of modern societies, yet the ownership, control, production and consumption of hydrocarbons often provokes intense disputes with serious social, economic, and political ramifications. In Gas, Oil and the Irish State, Amanda Slevin examines the dynamics and conflicts of state hydrocarbon management and provides the first comprehensive study of the Irish model. Interpreting the Corrib gas conflict as a microcosm of the Irish state’s approach to hydrocarbon management, Slevin articulates environmental, health and safety concerns which underpin community resistance to the project. She emphasises how the dispute exposed broader issues, such as the privatisation of Irish hydrocarbons in exchange for one of the lowest rates of government take in the world, and served to problematise how the state functions, its close relationship with capital, and its deployment of coercive force to repress dissent. Analysis of these issues occurs within an original account of decision-making and policy formation around Irish hydrocarbons from 1957 to 2014. Slevin traces the development of the state’s approach in tandem with occurrences in Irish political economy and examines the impact of global trends on different approaches to hydrocarbon management. A detailed case study of Norway reveals ideological, political, social and economic forces which influence how states manage their hydrocarbons and the author uses those factors as the basis for a rigorous critique of the Irish model. Examining subjects that are simultaneously empirical and ideological, historical and current, the focus of this book extends beyond decision-making processes within the state system to their impacts on people’s lives in communities. Slevin uncovers the social, environmental, economic, and political consequences of current policies and offers a blueprint for an alternative framework for hydrocarbon management.

Madelaine Moore

explain these processes through the lens of the capitalist state, here with reference to the specific constellation of the juridical-political territories of Australia and Ireland – their strategic selectivities, the ways in which they shape and are shaped by the dominant accumulation strategies, and the subsequent contradictions and crisis tendencies that emerge. As argued in Chapter One , the capitalist state is the material condensation of class relations and, as Jessop claims, ‘class domination is inscribed in the

in Water struggles as resistance to neoliberal capitalism
Masahiro Mogaki

4 Regulatory state transformation with an unusual approach This chapter examines the specific characteristics of Japan’s ICT ­regulation after the 1980s. The chapter first considers the impact of state transformation through the institutional characteristics of the ICT regulator as a ministry and the lack of an independent regulator. The impact of the collective view and power relations between state actors regarding issues such as regulatory organisations exemplify the development of state transformation. Japan offers an unusual example in which only a limited

in Understanding governance in contemporary Japan
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio

15 Uncertainty and undecidability in the contemporary state: the dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’ Miguel Martínez Lucio Introduction When discussing the state and labour regulations, the debate tends to focus on the role of the law. From a sociological, or politico-sociological, perspective it is often the case that we like to complement such an approach with a greater sensitivity to other forms of representation at the level of the state, such as the role of ‘social dialogue’ and the

in Making work more equal
The backlash against multiculturalism
Shailja Sharma

4 The nation-state’s wobbly hyphen: the backlash against multiculturalism We are sleep-walking our way into segregation. (Trevor Phillips, Chairman, Commission for Racial Equality, 2005) The assertion, re-imagining and negotiation of difference is central to group formation and evolution and thus to multiculturalism. (Modood, 2007) The nation-state holds within it a deep schizophrenia. Tensions between the private space of the national, which is deeply ideological, and the public space of the state, which is impartial, can result in tensions that are hard to

in Postcolonial minorities in Britain and France
Matthias Maass

2 Defining and quantifying the small state Counting the great powers of an era [is very easy]. … The question is an empirical one, and common sense can answer it.1 No consensus definition of the small state exists. However, a proper understanding of the small state is critical to this study for four reasons: analytical clarity and transparency, the proper usage of statistical data, the applied theoretical framework, and the historical component of the investigation. First, calling for a proper understanding of the object of a scholarly inquiry is stating the

in Small states in world politics
Eoin Daly
Tom Hickey

7 State and religion in the pluralist republic Our whole people consists of Catholics, Protestants and Presbyterians, and is, therefore, greater than any of these sects, and equal to them altogether Wolfe Tone, Writings1 Introduction Questions concerning the institutional relationship between State and religion – and the appropriate role of religion in the political domain – have naturally engaged most republican thinkers. Historically, of course, the relationship between religion and ‘real-world’ republicanism has proven somewhat antagonistic. For republicans

in The political theory of the Irish Constitution
Attitudes towards subversive movements and violent organisations
Ami Pedahzur

or suppress subversive elements. The ‘criminal justice model’, on the other hand, places the onus on the police forces while confining its actions to state criminal legislation, 3 as further elaborated by Crelinsten: In a criminal justice model, the rule of law is paramount, while in the war model, it is the rules of war that prevail. In the criminal justice model, it is the police who exercise the state’s monopoly on the use of violence. The rules of engagement, so to speak, involve the use of minimal force, which requires an exercise of

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence