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Douglas Morrey

sexual relations of these young people. The opinion of young people is constantly surveyed with regard to their sexual behaviour, and in particular to their knowledge of contraception, from the new devices imported from America – the pill and the diaphragm – to the more ‘traditional’ methods of withdrawal or carefully selecting dates on which to have sex according to the female menstrual cycle. Masculin féminin captures a

in Jean-Luc Godard
Oliver Daddow

the world, Blair considered the Iraq issue and set out his rationale for choosing to ally London so closely with Washington in the emerging rounds of UN diplomacy on Iraq’s WMD programme (Blair 2002b). John Kampfner’s sources told him that the key Iraq segments of the speech were inserted by Blair after last-minute discussions with his Number 10 chief of staff Jonathan Powell. ‘They did it to head off dissent within the party – or in the words of one who was involved in the speech “to sweeten the pill of Iraq”’ (Kampfner 2004: 213). Here, then, was Blair using a set

in New Labour and the European Union
Abstract only
Economics, influence and security
Oliver Daddow

want. Blair and Brown believed that the precondition to winning the argument about the EU was altering subterranean British attitudes to matters ‘European’ more generally. Meanwhile, sweetening the pill of British membership and clearing the way for potential further engagement with the EU across a range of policy sectors meant bringing home to the British people what the EU meant to them in economic, influence and security terms. In Lance Price’s words above, the ‘crude appeal’ of ‘jobs plus…’ was the propaganda part of the message Blair and Brown put out to alter

in New Labour and the European Union
Elizabeth Macfarlane

his series of Oratorian Lives presented hagiography as a form of mystical theology, necessarily separate from literary biography, whose interest lay in the sympathy between reader, subject and form. Devotional reading allowed the reader and the Life to form ‘a world of their own’, far removed from the ‘English activity’ of intellectual argument.68 Protestant biography, he averred, was a mere pastime, rather than a serious religious undertaking, and its readers were wilful children who would not take their medicine: ‘To you the life of the Saint is the pill which you

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
Abstract only
Susan Strange

than $10,000. Most decisively, there is little chance of getting international agreement to achieve some such end. The chief danger to the system has come, and still comes, from the American banks who have lent most heavily to LDCs, but been made to make least provision against loss through bad debts. The authorities in other countries like Switzerland or West Germany with banks heavily exposed to sovereign risks have made the banks write off their bad debts or insisted that they set aside large reserves to cover them, and have sugared the pill by allowing them to

in Casino Capitalism
David Arter

ancillary legislation (in the form of increased housing subsidies, for example, or extra statutory holiday entitlements) to ‘sugar the pill’ for the labour movement when an agreement was hard to reach. All in all, although less obvious from the literature than in Norway and Sweden, Denmark in the 1960s may be said to have had a consensual politi­ cal culture. Thus, John Fitzmaurice has written that Denmark ‘produced a particular form of “co-operative parliamentarism” in which pragmatism, tolerance, willingness to negotiate and competence are key behavioural norms

in Scandinavian politics today
Changing patterns of advice in teenage magazines: Mirabelle, 1956–77
Melanie Tebbutt

voting age was lowered to 18 in 1969. Young people aged 18 could marry without parental consent from 1970, and the pill became available on the National Health Service in 1974.72 The moral tone about pre-marital sexual relationships which had characterised Mirabelle in the late 1950s and early 1960s started to dissipate in the 1970s, replaced by health concerns and the more open discussion of sexual matters, albeit sometimes recycling the same slang phrases for sexual orgasm, as in the following two examples. I started sleeping with my boyfriend Pete a couple of weeks

in People, places and identities
Abstract only
Allyn Fives

’s present choices or will’ (1993, p. 341). The fact that the pills belong to the husband does not change the fact that he removes an option from his wife. It is prima facie wrong for a husband to prevent his wife from acting on her own choices, and therefore in this example the husband does violate a moral rule towards his wife, namely the requirement not to interfere with another’s liberty. It is merely that, all things considered, we are likely to judge the husband acts correctly in violating this moral rule because in doing so (we Paternalism21 presume) he acts in

in Evaluating parental power
Ian W. Archer

parliamentary commissioners by which Richard II resigned the throne.86 So Richard is presented both as having resigned the crown and as having 144 Elizabethan chroniclers and parliament been lawfully deposed. Moreover, in neither case do the Chronicles necessarily endorse the parliamentary action. The account of Edward’s deposition is followed by a lament about the ‘miserable calamitie, procured by them chéefelie that should haue beene the pillers of the kings estate, and not the hooked engins to pull him downe from his throne’.87 For 1399 the Chronicles notoriously combine

in Writing the history of parliament in Tudor and early Stuart England
The Middlesex Election and the Townshend Duties Crisis
Peter D.G. Thomas

his hereditary revenue in exchange for a fixed annual income.34 Such was the evident popularity of the measure that the ministry offered no initial resistance, and early in February 1769 Charles Yorke thought ‘there will be no opposition. The Court think it a sweetener to the pill of the Civil List Debt.’35 No subsequent debate on the Nullum Tempus Bill took place until the House went into Committee on the measure on 24 February. Procedural expert Jeremiah Dyson then complained that there had been no discussion of the principle on the second reading, as was

in George III