roads, railways, schools, sewerage and hospitals were built, it is unlikely that either Taiwan’s post-war economic miracle and the new belief circles that emerged from it, could have proceeded at such a rapid pace without these Japanese contributions. The ‘Japanisation Movement’ that emerged in the late 1930s sought to transform the residents of Taiwan into Japanese citizens, and many local residents adopted Japanese names, while in return Taiwan produced food supplies to support Japan’s warmachine. Due to the thirty-eight years of martial law under the KMT which
(London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of
Psycho-Analysis, 1937), quoted in D. Pick, WarMachine:The
Rationalisation of Slaughter in the Modern Age (New Haven:
Yale University Press, 1993), p. 231.
Woolf, Three Guineas, p. 26.
This politics also creates risks of violence: for
instance, for sex workers dealing with the effects of
PHIPPS 9781526147172 PRINT.indd 107
Me, not you
criminalisation, and trans women made to use men’s
bathrooms or incarcerated in men’s prisons. Melissa
Gira Grant has called this feminism’s own ‘war on
women’, where some women are subjected to poverty, violence and prison in the name of defending
other women’s rights.36 In the next two chapters, I
will examine this ‘warmachine’ of white feminism in
it is in fact ‘willing transphobia’.1 Similar strategies
underpin feminist campaigns against the sex industry, which set themselves against the fictional ‘pimp
lobby’. It is not surprising that the majority of transexclusionary and anti-sex-work feminists are white.
This reactionary feminism accelerates the white
feminist ‘warmachine’, using the media and social
media outrage economy to maximum effect. Although
its numbers are small, this movement is tightly networked and highly organised. Its tactics are similar
to the notorious harassment campaign
’ (SFT, 553). The only way to escape from the warmachine
is to stop its inexorable movement by putting it into reverse. Men
then become visible again, able to be seen in themselves, not only
as part of an unfathomably large process. However, despite the
reversed machine, there is no chance of returning men to the state
in which they entered it.
The war’s duration was a significant cause of disenchantment.
Madeleine, in free indirect discourse, describes ‘the daily growing
aftermath of disillusionment in the war’ (SFT, 220) and similarly,
the narrator of Sixty
so sure that it does not rise
on occasion to an intensity of feeling which friendship never touches.
It may be less in itself, I don’t know, but its opportunity is greater.
Friendship implies rather more stable conditions, don’t you think?
You have time to choose. Here you can’t choose. (MPF, 143)
The element of choice separates camaraderie and friendship, as
Sarah Cole points out: it is ‘the difference between a world that
valorizes the individual and one in which human beings become
fodder for a voracious warmachine.’80 The alienation of mass living
Corruption and the reform of public life in modern Britain
Ian Cawood and Tom Crook
with the oppositional Country ideology – or Old Whig
and Commonwealth – that developed from roughly the 1660s as a
critique of Crown patronage and an expanding professional army, as well
as a system of public credit and national debt (including a newly
founded Bank of England) that helped Britain become a major European warmachine. This drew on, and in many ways Anglicised, European traditions
New Order , p. 14.
15 Macmillan, The Middle Way , pp. 372–374. David Clarke, The Conservative Faith in a Modern Age (London: Conservative Political Centre, 1947), p. 14.
16 Jose Harris, ‘Political Ideas and the Debate on State Welfare’ in H. L. Smith (ed.), War and Social Change: British Society in the Second World War (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1986), pp. 233–263.
17 Barker, Political Ideas in Modern Britain , pp. 145–146.
18 Perkin, Professional Society , pp. 407–418.
19 David Edgerton, Britain’s WarMachine: Weapons
and Bruce Robbins (eds),
Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation, 216–29. Minneapolis and London:
University of Minnesota Press.
Banerjee, Paula (2010). Borders, Histories, Existences: Gender and Beyond. Los Angeles, CA,
and London: SAGE Publications.
Cole, John W., and Eric R. Wolf (1973). The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an
Alpine Valley. New York: Academic Press.
Cosgrove, Denis, E. (ed.) (1999). Mappings. London: Reaktion.
Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari (1986). Nomadology: The WarMachine. New York:
‘trumpet voice which is the most thrilling sound at present to be
heard on the English stage’ ( The Times 22 October, 1977),
his ‘outsize demonstrations’ and ‘subtle
strength’ ( Sunday Telegraph 23 October 1977), and his
combination of ‘warmachine’ and ‘rhetoric
machine’ Coriolanus, whose ‘clangorous tones’ are
‘thrilling, ingenious and appropriate’ ( Observer 23