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Miles Taylor

those rights which existed at the time of their departure, and were they to settle in conquered territories, such as parts of the formerly French, Spanish and Dutch Caribbean, or the Cape, then they were subject to local laws, until if and when the British parliament chose to amend them.13 The same writers also asserted the sovereignty of parliament over the actions of Governors in the Crown Colonies, arguing that although the Governor represented the Queen-in-Council, he was responsible for his actions to parliament, just as the Colonial Office was subject to

in Parliaments, nations and identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660–1850
José Álvarez-Junco

pressure from within industrial and political circles to expand its political influence in the Caribbean and the Pacific. In both areas, particularly the nearby Caribbean, the old Spanish monarchy offered a perfect target for such ambition. Spain’s colonial territories were a long way from the metropolis, poorly defended and diplomatically isolated in a world full of alliances. Last, but not least, Spain still endured a bad press in the Anglo-Saxon world as the ‘scourge of heretics’. This made it easy for the sensationalist press in America to persuade the general public

in Spanish identity in the age of nations
Black radicalism and the Colored International
Brian Kwoba

African ancestry on the Caribbean island of St Croix. Harrison obtained a ninth grade education in the Danish colony as well as some religious training in the Anglican Church. 5 After his mother died, he sought out better life prospects in the United States, joining a wave of tens of thousands of Caribbean immigrants who moved to the United States in the early twentieth century as a result of adverse economic conditions on their islands of origin. Thanks to the assistance of his sister Mary, he managed to relocate to New

in Revolutionary lives of the Red and Black Atlantic since 1917
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David Brown

Pennoyer, John Foulke and Richard Chambers by 1656, alongside such royalist luminaries as Sir John Wylde, Nicholas Sandys and George Smith, the son of Sir Thomas Smith. 69 By a somewhat tortuous route, royalist English merchants became involved in both the Caribbean sugar business and the slave trade in the aftermath of the execution of Charles I. Helpless in the face of continuous losses to Dutch privateers, in 1649 the Portuguese government established the Portuguese Brazil Company in Lisbon to organise a convoy system between Portugal and the Americas. 70

in Empire and enterprise
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The empire in one city?
Sheryllynne Haggerty, Anthony Webster, and Nicholas J. White

and Afro-Caribbean communities. Moreover, Liverpool’s huge Irish population might be classified also as ‘colonial’. Initially bearing the brunt of English expansionism, many Irish men and women emigrated from Liverpool to the colonies of settlement to, paradoxically, become colonisers themselves, notwithstanding the popular mythology of the Irish in exile. Yet, historians have been peculiarly slow to

in The empire in one city?
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Michael Harrigan

according to transforming concepts of their labour potential. As the previous chapter indicated, some depictions of the colony hint that the contemplation of the plantation could inspire a gratifying aesthetic response in a viewer or reader. The representation of marshalled, organised slaves testifies to the unique attraction of human labour. As Montchrestien had written in the decade immediately preceding the first French Caribbean settlements, the human being was a ‘living instrument’ (‘instrument vivant’), a ‘moving tool [‘outil mouvant’], responsive to all discipline

in Frontiers of servitude
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Katie Donington

paid £1,500 per annum. As Agent for the largest and most powerful of the Caribbean possessions, George became the leading spokesman for the West India interest in Britain. His appointment came at a crucial time; with the campaign to defend the slave trade lost, the planters and merchants were left in a precarious situation. Metropolitan consciousness had been awakened and it

in The bonds of family
Imperialism and popular culture in the Netherlands, 1870–1960
Vincent Kuitenbrouwer

have written about the centripetal effects of these two overseas adventures during the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century. The Dutch Empire also included possessions in the Caribbean: Surinam and the Netherlands Antilles. These colonies had been established during the early modern period and the Dutch policy at the end of the nineteenth century was mainly aimed at consolidation

in European empires and the people
Donal Lowry

by indigenous peoples. We are not concerned, then, with whether these imperial crises are objectively similar – indeed, there were differences between each of these territories – but with the significance of their identification with each other on the grounds of a common ethnic and political sentiment. For centuries before 1886, in Ireland, North America, the Caribbean and India, imperial authorities

in ‘An Irish Empire’?
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The anti-colonial roots of American anarchist debates during the First World War
Kenyon Zimmer

Caribbean and Pacific. Emma Goldman was a particularly vocal critic, and even collaborated with Filipinos ‘engaged in underground activities to secure freedom for the Philippine Islands’.14 Further afield, Goldman also supported the ‘the brave and marvelously courageous’ Afrikaner colonists of the Transvaal Republic and Orange Free State in their fight against the British in the Second Boer War (1889–1902), a position that mistook a conflict between competing colonialisms for an anti-colonial struggle.15 Kropotkin, by contrast, saw both the Boer War and the Russo

in Anarchism, 1914–18