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Engaging with ethnicity
Joseph McGonagle

1 Changing notions of national identity: engaging with ethnicity As the Introduction made clear, since the early 1980s France has experienced an important period of significant political and social change. Many prevailing notions of national identity were redefined as the descendants of post-World War Two migrants to France (and especially those of Maghrebi heritage) came of age. Laws on nationality and citizenship were repeatedly revised, and controversy raged over measures that purportedly challenged the primacy of French republican universalism as well as

in Representing ethnicity in contemporary French visual culture
The housing sector: owner-occupation and ethnic neighbourhoods
Sarah Hackett

3940 Foreigners, minorities and integration:Layout 1 22/4/13 10:18 Page 87 2 Neighbourhood which? The housing sector: owner-occupation and ethnic neighbourhoods Ethnic minorities in Britain and Germany’s housing sectors The housing sector has attracted increased attention in recent years in the academic and political dialogue surrounding ethnic minorities in Britain and Germany. In Britain, the 2001 urban disturbances refuelled debate and concern regarding community cohesion, and the ethnic segregation and so-called ‘parallel lives’ of ethnic and religious

in Foreigners, minorities and integration
Open Access (free)
Negotiating with multiculture
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

and through dress and appearance. The classed other is seen as posing a potential threat to both the respondents’ children’s happiness and educational achievement. As we also saw in Chapter 3, the assumed source of the problem with unruly children is bad parenting. In this chapter, the focus is placed more specifically on the parents’ discussion of ethnic diversity, arguing that parents were more likely to consider diversity in general as something related to race or ethnicity rather than class, and this kind of diversity is often welcomed. However, what ethnic

in All in the mix
Angela McCarthy

Lodge varied throughout the world. In some places, such as in Scotland and northern England, it was a distinctive Ulster import, while elsewhere it became ‘a pan-Protestant club’ whose members were of ethnicities other than Irish. 2 In New Zealand, the ethnic profile of the Order remains to be established. 3 Hibernians, by contrast, were predominantly Irish Catholic and seen as a mirror organisation of Orangeism. As

in Scottishness and Irishness in New Zealand since 1840
The three Rs – race, relations and arithmetic
Sarah Hackett

3940 Foreigners, minorities and integration:Layout 1 22/4/13 10:18 Page 149 3 The education sector: the three Rs – race, relations and arithmetic Ethnic minorities in Britain and Germany’s education sectors Education has potentially been the most complex and most discussed topic regarding the settlement of immigrants and their descendants in Britain and Germany in the post-war period. Not only has it traditionally secured a place at the centre of political and academic debate in both countries, but it has also often been perceived as having the power to

in Foreigners, minorities and integration
Chris Gilligan

sectarianism as racism. Central to the debate about whether to treat sectarianism as racism lies a difficulty that bedevils ethnic and racial studies more broadly, the distinction between ‘race’, ‘nation’ and ‘ethnic group’. We draw on this wider discussion in examining the case for treating sectarianism as racism. In the third part we argue that the question ‘is sectarianism racism?’ is misleading. We draw on Steve Garner’s use of the concept of racisms to argue that, rather than thinking of racism in the singular, it is more useful to think of racism as taking many

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism
Marie-Line and Chaos
Carrie Tarr

(including Catherine Corsini, Claire Devers, Philippe Faucon, Serge Le Péron, Claire Simon and Marie Vermillard, all of whom have made films addressing questions of ethnicity and difference). Nous sans-papiers de France was signed by 175 filmmaking professionals and shown at the Cannes Film Festival in 1997. It consists of a three-minute close-up of Madjiguène Cissé, the articulate, intelligent spokeswoman for the sans-papiers of St-Bernard, herself of Senegalese

in Reframing difference
Catholic women religious in nineteenth-century England and Wales

Roman Catholic women's congregations are an enigma of nineteenth century social history. Over 10,000 women, establishing and managing significant Catholic educational, health care and social welfare institutions in England and Wales, have virtually disappeared from history. In nineteenth-century England, representations of women religious were ambiguous and contested from both within and without the convent. This book places women religious in the centre of nineteenth-century social history and reveals how religious activism shaped the identity of Catholic women religious. It is devoted to evolution of religious life and the early monastic life of the women. Catholic women were not pushed into becoming women religious. On the basis of their available options, they chose a path that best suited their personal, spiritual, economic and vocational needs. The postulancy and novitiate period formed a rite of passage that tested the vocation of each aspirant. The book explores the religious activism of women religious through their missionary identity and professional identity. The labour of these women was linked to their role as evangelisers. The book deals with the development of a congregation's corporate identity which brought together a disparate group of women under the banner of religious life. It looks specifically at class and ethnicity and the women who entered religious life, and identifies the source of authority for the congregation and the individual sister.

Irish migrants negotiating religious identity in Britain
Louise Ryan

M&H 03_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:15 Page 55 3 Exploring religion as a bright and blurry boundary: Irish migrants negotiating religious identity in Britain Louise Ryan We were very holy in those days. (Dympna, nurse, migrated 1950s) I used to go to church every morning, I was holy in those days, to the Brompton Oratory. (Fiona, nurse, migrated 1950s) This chapter uses the sociological concept of boundaries to explore the processes through which migrants may be included in or excluded from national, ethnic and religious collectivities. In so doing, the discussion

in Women and Irish diaspora identities
The effects of gender, households and ethnicity
Jacqueline O’Reilly, Mark Smith, and Paola Villa

Social reproduction of youth labour market inequalities 13 The social reproduction of youth labour market inequalities: the effects of gender, households and ethnicity Jacqueline O’Reilly, Mark Smith and Paola Villa Introduction Young people have been disproportionately hit by the economic crisis. In many  European countries, unemployment rates have increased faster for youth  than for prime age groups (O’Reilly et al., 2015). Vulnerability to the risks of poverty and precarious employment has been compounded by ­increasing  economic inequalities and the rise

in Making work more equal