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Nicholas Rees

such as the UN, WTO and EU, which do place pressures on the state to adapt its policies. In some of these instances there is clearly a high degree of connectedness and integration with the European Union, where the state has to also meet its obligations and 5306ST New Patterns-C/lb.qxd 172 3/9/09 16:45 Page 172 Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland requirements to work together in formulating joint responses and actions to international issues and events. For example, the debate over the Lisbon Treaty referendum (2008) provided Irish

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
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Matt Treacy

, and by and large hostile to socialism, is little represented among any republican grouping, although it still has a resonance within the broader society judging by groups such as Cóir which campaigned against the Lisbon Treaty which appeals to republican and Catholic sentiment. And of course the disappearance of the Soviet Union and by and large the discrediting of Marxism make the republican debate of the 1960s appear somewhat anachronistic. The third major area of dispute in the 1960s centred on the role of the IRA. For the pragmatists, who dominated the post-1962

in The IRA 1956–69
Gary Murphy

crowds in his native Offaly in May 2008, singing a song from a makeshift stage while drinking a pint of Guinness, none of this appeared to be anywhere on the horizon. In fact Cowen originally had to face a much more mundane task on becoming Taoiseach, and that was to get yet another one of Ireland’s seemingly interminable European referendum treaties passed and out of the way. This seemed like a routine task but it would turn out to be anything but. The Lisbon Treaty referendum of 12 June 2008 proved to be the beginning of Cowen’s never-ending difficulties in his short

in Electoral competition in Ireland since 1987
Simon Bulmer and Martin Burch

overseeing a further IGC to finalise this new treaty (the Lisbon Treaty). We will not consider the impact on the UK of this protracted period of constitutional debate in detail, since the process had not reached a conclusion at the time of writing and the impact on UK central government will not be felt until the ratification process has been completed. Nevertheless, there will be some significant institutional and policy reforms with an impact upon the UK, assuming that ratification is successful. One other significant development is worthy of mention regarding the EU

in The Europeanisation of Whitehall
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Modernity, welfare state and Eutopia
Shivdeep Grewal

. (Josipovici, 2010 : 2) 4 Habermas’s writings, it is worth noting, prescribe some form of statehood as a terminus for the European project: an article on the Irish rejection of the Lisbon Treaty, for example, reiterated the need for a ‘cautious harmonization of tax and economic policy, and the gradual assimilation of social security systems within the EU’ (Habermas, 2008a : 2). Drawing on the sozialstaat concepts of TCA and BFN, neither Eriksen and Fossum ( 2000 , 2005) nor the

in Habermas and European integration
Christian Kaunert

be connected. In conclusion, the Commission managed to play a significant role in the area of transposing the FATF Special Recommendations at the EU level. It was evidently significant in designing and implementing the FATF recommendations and thus conformed to the model as a supranational policy entrepreneur. Successes in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice and the Lisbon Treaty

in European internal security
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Economics, influence and security
Oliver Daddow

Whitman 2007: 262). Into its second and third terms New Labour alighted on reform of the EU’s decision-making machinery as its point of attack, which became channelled through the Constitutional and Lisbon Treaty negotiations. In both cases British influence was held to be at stake. In October 1999 economic reform was taken to be about switching EU policies ‘away from regulation to job creation’ (Blair 1999f), such that after the Lisbon summit in March 2000 Blair could argue that Britain’s active involvement in the process (explored in Hopkin and Wincott 2006: 54

in New Labour and the European Union
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Ana E. Juncos

EU foreign policy from the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1991 to later developments such as the addition of the CSDP and the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty. In the book, I investigate the EU’s involvement during the war, but also the range of CFSP tools and instruments deployed after the war to help post-conflict reconstruction and those used more recently by the Union to lead this

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
Michael Baun

to Ukraine, and thus much of the rest of Europe, in the winter of 2006–7 because of a dispute between Moscow and Kiev over energy prices. For this reason, in negotiations on the Lisbon Treaty in 2007, Poland and other EE states pressed for the inclusion of provisions (Title XX, Article 176a) requiring EU solidarity in energy supply matters and calling for the creation of a more comprehensive EU

in Defending Eastern Europe
The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

defense leaders and managers (Kříž and Chovančík 2013 , 49–52). There were a number of reasons that guided this important shift in emphasis. Following the Lisbon Treaty of 2009, there was a decision by all three states to take part in additional EU military operations. At that conference, the EU replaced the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) with renewed emphasis on

in Defending Eastern Europe