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Abstract only
Andrew Smith

perceived psychological phenomenon, it also functions as a conceit for the political projection of spectrality. This aspect of the spectral was clear during periods of economic crisis when money in general, and more often paper money in particular, seemed to become ghostly because its reality or solidity was in question. Dickens, Collins, and Riddell, at different levels of explicitness, explore how

in The ghost story, 1840–1920
Abstract only
Necessity, public law and the common law emergency in the Case of Ship Money
David Chan Smith

Contemporaries likened the Case of Ship Money (1637) to a great fire consuming a neighbourhood. 1 The alarm was certainly widely felt. To opponents of ship money, a levy imposed by the king, an unfavourable decision threatened the security of their property. Supporters, in contrast, saw an opportunity to confirm royal authority to act at times of public necessity without seeking Parliamentary approval. Historians have interpreted these differences as evidence of a fundamental disagreement about the constitution in Caroline society. 2 Curiously, however, the

in Revolutionising politics
Bogdan Popa

to the erasure of eastern European Marxism as an analytic, and is a major development in the conceptualization of bodies and sexuality. John Money was a Cold War psychologist and sexologist who not only coined the term “gender,” but also became a household name in studies of gender reassignment after the 1950s. As I will demonstrate, his epistemological assumptions are inspired by a

in De-centering queer theory
Richard Cust and Peter Lake

4 Cheshire politics in the 1620s and 1630s RESPONSES TO CROWN DEMANDS T he levies exacted under the royal prerogative were the main flashpoints in early Stuart government. In many ways they can be taken to define the relations between the centre and the localities, perhaps even the Caroline regime and the political nation, during the late 1620s and 1630s. In county after county the forced loan, distraint of knighthood, ship money and the exactions associated with the lieutenancy led to opposition and obstructionism on the part of local taxpayers. But this was

in Gentry culture and the politics of religion
The logics of ‘hitting the bottom’
Gunther Teubner

– in other words, for phenomena of collective addiction. ‘Hitting the bottom’ refers to the constitutional moment when either a catastrophe begins or societal forces for change of such intensity are mobilised that the ‘inner constitution’ of the economy transforms under their pressure. Plain money reform is one of several examples that illustrate a

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
Henry James’s Anglo-American ghosts
Andrew Smith

’s use of the spectral. What is also noteworthy is that James also addresses issues of spectrality and money which we observed in the writing of Dickens, Collins, and Riddell. How James links the idea of spectral money to notions of art, history, and place indicates how he moves beyond, yet develops, some of those earlier investigations. James wrote eighteen tales between 1868 and1908 which

in The ghost story, 1840–1920
Tobias B. Hug

1111 21 3 4 51 6 7 8 9 10 1 1112 3 411 5111 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 44211 escutcheons of arms’ and with forged warrants containing the names of lords, privy counsellors or ecclesiastical commissioners extorted money from people.3 The Middlesex session rolls calendars reveal cases from 1571 onwards, with a slight increase in the second half of the seventeenth century. The numbers are small, although the rolls of course record only a proportion of the crimes actually committed. The court records considered here are not sufficiently

in Impostures in early modern England
Bill Dunn

“Classics”’, would have it, here the attempted reconciliation with the mainstream is overt and Keynes’s criticisms become a special case of the system he was criticising. Second, the chapter looks at market imperfections, considering alternative New Keynesian and ‘post-Keynesian’ accounts, with briefer notes on money and financial instability. Despite declarations of mutual hostility, the relatively moderate New Keynesians and the putatively more radical post-Keynesians have much in common. As Shaikh ( 2016 ) has argued, the emphasis for both remains on imperfections

in Keynes and Marx
Open Access (free)
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

chap 8 23/9/03 1:17 pm Page 167 8 Enterprise and economy Cuts in public spending forced universities to devise schemes for selfhelp which would reduce their dependence on public money. Some academics murmured of ‘going private’, but it was seldom clear what they had in mind; perhaps they dreamed of some English parallel to Ivy League universities, small, select and well groomed, supported by massive fees and the donations of prosperous alumni (a body which the University of Manchester had hitherto failed to cultivate as a source of support). The University

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
International comparisons and patterns
Matt Qvortrup

an incentive to introduce restrictions that make the enactment of their law more difficult. The voters can – at most – veto proposals drafted and enacted by the legislators. Proposals for restrictions of campaign spending have only occurred in the aftermath of a defeat of a government-­sponsored measure or when the governments feared that interest groups had raised enough money to wage a successful campaign against a government-­initiated proposal.25 There is a lot to be said for this public policy interpretation, yet it is clearly less applicable in an analysis of

in Direct democracy