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Paul Currion

-113340 . Bloom , L. and Betts , A. ( 2013 ), ‘ The Two Worlds of Humanitarian Innovation’ , Working Paper Series No. 94 ( Oxford : Refugee Studies Centre ). Carbonnier , G. ( 2015 ), Humanitarian Economics: War, Disaster and the Global Aid Market ( London : C. Hurst

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

declined ( Mair, 2013 ). While NGOs lay claim to a ‘non-governmental’ status, direct action thrived when donor sovereignty was, paradoxically, still able to cast a shadow. Given the refugee crisis, few can today contemplate the wretched state of ‘official’ humanitarianism without some disquiet. Despite what we may wish or demand, however, it is unlikely that significant improvement will occur any time soon. But to then conclude that humanitarianism is dead would be a mistake. While autonomous international direct action lies buried in the rubble of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

followed relief operations for starving populations, refugees and genocide survivors in Central and Eastern European countries. The defeat of Germany and the partitioning of multinational empires led to the creation of new states, thus sending millions of displaced persons on the road, which – together with the war – provoked unprecedented deprivations throughout Europe. The 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and the civil war in Russia also threatened Central Europe to fall under Soviet influence. The 1921–22 Russian famine thus triggered a large-scale international response

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

Introduction All over the globe, fascism, racism and xenophobic nationalism are resurfacing in what we once thought of as ‘respectable’ democracies. Following a particularly bleak weekend at the end of October 2018 (the election of Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil, reports of worsening famine in Yemen, Israeli bombardment of Gaza and the murder of eleven worshippers at a refugee-harbouring synagogue in Pittsburgh), my colleague Dr Sara Salem of the London School of Economics tweeted: ‘It’s difficult watching political scientists scrambling to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

‘liberal space’ and its likely consequences for humanitarian action; Mark Duffield, on ‘post-humanitarianism’ and the government of precarity; Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, on the impact on Palestinian refugees of US budget cuts under Donald Trump; José Luis Fiori, on the new security strategy of the US and the disavowal of liberal internationalism; David Rieff, on the legitimacy of humanitarian agencies in a changing political landscape; Mel Bunce, on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

looming environmental disasters. Domestically, the liberal social contract is coming apart in many Western states as the coalition of those who have not benefited from the decades of wealth accumulation after 1979 turns to populist politicians and looks for scapegoats, with experts, immigrants and Muslims seen as prime targets. The commitment to liberal institutions that create limits to the scope of political competition – rights, the rule of law, freedom of the press – and to the basic level of respect due to all persons, be they citizens or refugees

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

such strategically unwise. But the more important point is that it is no longer possible, if it ever was, to separate relief workers’ political convictions about what the EU should stand for from their ethical commitment to helping people in need, rescuing people in danger of losing their lives and helping refugees once they have arrived. The problem is that, however overstated, the claim of neutrality has always played an important role in establishing the legitimacy humanitarian action has enjoyed in Europe. In South Sudan in the 1990s, there

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

staff, recruited locally the previous year, remained in place to work in the medical facilities or manage the drug supply, and had to deal with bombings and other conflict-related risks. The national staff were also refugees, finding themselves wearing two hats – as NGO workers and directly affected by the conflict – and having to deal with the pressures that go with both. The other challenge was monitoring the quality of the services offered and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

Rohingya crisis in Cox’s Bazar, as part of a wider accountability and engagement effort in a consortium with BBC Media Action and Internews. During the lifetime of TWB’s HIF Scale grant, surveys showed that the proportion of Rohingya refugees who stated that they did not have enough information fell from 77% 3 to 28%. 4 The space of Scale has also evolved. In their early paper on scaling, McClure and Gray (2015) identified scaling as a ‘missing middle’: there was little evidence of innovations scaling in the humanitarian sector, and very little understanding of how

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Visual Politics and Narratives of Red Cross Museums in Europe and the United States, 1920s to 2010s
Sönke Kunkel

Germany’s Nazi regime. Nor did they pay much attention to the international work of the German Red Cross from the 1950s onwards. On the whole, themes such as the cross-cultural interactions and troubles of Red Cross workers or the voices and experiences of refugees and other suffering communities within the ‘global South’ rarely found their way into these institutions. More recently, however, some museums have started to embed their storytelling in broader international

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs