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The Journal of Humanitarian Affairs is an exciting, new open access journal hosted jointly by The Humanitarian Affairs Team at Save the Children UK, and Centre de Réflexion sur l’Action et les Savoirs Humanitaires MSF (Paris) and the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute at the University of Manchester. It will contribute to current thinking around humanitarian governance, policy and practice with academic rigour and political courage. The journal will challenge contributors and readers to think critically about humanitarian issues that are often approached from reductionist assumptions about what experience and evidence mean. It will cover contemporary, historical, methodological and applied subject matters and will bring together studies, debates and literature reviews. The journal will engage with these through diverse online content, including peer reviewed articles, expert interviews, policy analyses, literature reviews and ‘spotlight’ features.

Our rationale can be summed up as follows: the sector is growing and is facing severe ethical and practical challenges. The Journal of Humanitarian Affairs will provide a space for serious and inter-disciplinary academic and practitioner exchanges on pressing issues of international interest.

The journal aims to be a home and platform for leading thinkers on humanitarian affairs, a place where ideas are floated, controversies are aired and new research is published and scrutinised. Areas in which submissions will be considered include humanitarian financing, migrations and responses, the history of humanitarian aid, failed humanitarian interventions, media representations of humanitarianism, the changing landscape of humanitarianism, the response of states to foreign interventions and critical debates on concepts such as resilience or security.

Sara Wong

Introduction Artist–academic collaborations are becoming increasingly popular in socially engaged research. Often, this comes from a drive to ‘have impact’ outside of academia, as creative pieces are often seen as more engaging and accessible for non-specialised audiences. The impact on collaborators (both on the collaborating ‘researchers’ and ‘creatives’) also comes into play here, as interdisciplinary work could be a form of re-thinking how we

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
William Thomas

2 Bureaucratic reformism and the cults of Sir Henry Tizard and operational research William Thomas During the Second World War, the British military services established new scientific advisory posts and ‘operational research’ groups. These institutional reforms improved the ability of engineers to design equipment that best fitted the services’ needs and they improved the services’ use of that equipment as well as the planning of combat operations more generally. The reforms also subsequently took an unusually prominent place in the annals of British science

in Scientific governance in Britain, 1914–79
Peter Murray
Maria Feeney

105 4 US aid and the creation of an Irish scientific research infrastructure Introduction This chapter broadens out the focus from Irish sociology to examine Irish scientific research. Its central theme is the way in which resources provided or jointly controlled by US actors underpinned the development of a modern scientific research infrastructure within the state in the period after the Second World War. The scientific fields principally affected by these financial injections were applied research related to agriculture, industry and economics. Money flowed

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Ruut Veenhoven
Nivré Claire Wagner
, and
Jan Ott

also attract unwelcome animals, such as snakes, and create unsafe places. Why focus on happiness? There is much research on the effect of urban green on various aspects of ‘well-being’, such as outdoor recreation ( Chapter 22 of this book). It is difficult to strike the balance of these effects; happiness captures the total effect. Notions of ‘well

in Rural quality of life
Timothy Longman

( Fédération Internationale des Droits de l’Homme et al. , 1993 ). Just over a year later, of course, supporters of the Rwandan government launched a wave of violence whose status as genocide could not be disputed. In just over three months, soldiers, police, and civilian militia groups killed an estimated 80 per cent of the Tutsi then living in Rwanda. In the aftermath of this horrific violence, HRW and FIDH undertook a joint research project to explain how genocide on this magnitude could be possible just a few decades after the pledge of ‘never again’ that emerged from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Liam Harney
Jane Wills

Introduction This chapter describes an experiment in pragmatic social research that took place in east London, UK, lasting for 14 months from January 2015. The experiment, called the ‘E14 expedition’ after the postcode covering the area of Poplar and the Isle of Dogs, involved recruiting volunteers who were interested in joining a new community initiative to foster local relationships and identify shared interests and issues around which to campaign. Conducted in two phases, the first focused on thinking about the local community and its history, and the

in The power of pragmatism
Allan Chapman

eight William Parsons and the Irish nineteenth-century tradition of independent astronomical research Allan Chapman Independent astronomical research t was a simple fact of life in Ireland and elsewhere in Britain in the nineteenth century that central government did not fund fundamental scientific research. All that it did fund was science which might conduce to the more efficient running of the country, the navy, or the wider Empire. And it was the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, that was the base for ‘official’ astronomy, then under the direction, from 1835 to

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
François Burgat

Over the course of a scholarly career, the nature and the quality of interaction with those who share the same field of research is a thorny and important question. To my mind, my two main rivals (or partners) in the field have always been exemplary. Why so? Because, in our loneliness as scholars, we survive only inasmuch as we manage to preserve the reality—or the fiction—of a certain originality. My “distinguished colleagues” have, to varying degrees, always had the elegance to produce substantially different analyses to my own in our

in Understanding Political Islam