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An ad hoc response to an enduring and variable threat
Rashmi Singh

Introduction On 26 November 2008, the world watched in horror as ten armed men in a series of coordinated attacks wrought havoc on the Indian coastal city of Mumbai. Terrorism in India had made the headlines – again. While these were neither India's, nor indeed Mumbai's, first major terrorist attacks, their sheer scale and innovation, the high number of foreigners killed, and the inability of India's security apparatus to respond in a timely and effective manner quite rightly focused the world's attention upon India's counterterrorism (CT

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
The role of the United Nations Security Council
Alice Martini

Introduction Counter-terrorism has undergone a significant shift since its ‘post-9/11’ inception. In the last decade, the language and the policies of the ‘war on terrorism’ started losing legitimacy. Maintaining this discursive structure and its practices meant that the discourse had to be reformulated against new challenges. The discourse on terrorism is now replete with references to radicalisation and extremism. These categories have become central in fighting terrorism but do not present a lesser grade of incongruency than their predecessors. Despite

in Encountering extremism
Legislation, agencies and the implementation gap
David Brown

5 A question of credibility: legislation, agencies and the implementation gap The first half of this volume has been primarily concerned with the development of process, in terms of establishing key priorities to guide and shape overall ­activity, both within JHA more generally and specifically in the fields of counter terrorism and police co-operation, and the nature of the threat posed from a variety of terrorist groups. While, on occasion, specific reference has been made to key outputs of such deliberations, such as the 2002 Framework Decision on Combating

in The European Union, counter terrorism and police co-operation, 1992–2007
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Counter-terrorism as insecurity
Emeka Thaddues Njoku and Scott N. Romaniuk

The post-9/11 counter-terrorism policy facilitated a rising global backlash on civil society organizations (CSOs), which is precariously transforming the structure and character of CSOs. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the subsequent establishment of counter-terrorism measures (CTMs), scholarship has been directed at the impact of these policies on human rights and

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
David Brown

Counter-terrorism has emerged from the shadows of the EU’s Third Pillar, propelled into the limelight by the events of September 11 and maintained by terrorist incidents in Spain and the UK. In the same period, the organisation’s most extensive enlargement, to embrace the eight CEE states, Malta and Cyprus, was undertaken. In fact, the two processes – widening the EU

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Police co-operation and counter terrorism
David Brown

3 A question of objectives: police co-operation and counter terrorism In Chapter 2, the overarching declared objectives of the Third Pillar – from the confusion of means and ends at Maastricht to the declared but not fully defined ‘Area of Freedom, Security and Justice’ – were placed under the microscope. While the record in terms of both clarifying and prioritising such metapolicy objectives was uninspiring, it is only part of the overall picture. There is a need to complement such an analysis with a similar examination of the megapolicy objectives in the two

in The European Union, counter terrorism and police co-operation, 1992–2007
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‘I utterly refuse to condemn …’
Shenaz Bunglawala

group to express disquiet or discomfort at this seeming expectation that, as Muslims, we should be the first to condemn terrorism and seek to disassociate the act from Islam, from fellow Muslims, from all decent citizens of [insert name of country]. COMMUNICATION RULE #1 The charity foundation that I had worked at until the previous month commissioned a piece of insight research as part of a project to ‘shift the dial’ in attitudes towards British Muslims and create a greater disconnect between ‘Muslim’ and ‘terrorism/extremism’.1 Foremost among the recommendations

in I Refuse to Condemn
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A. J. Coates

14 Counterterrorism Countering terrorism effectively and at the same time ethically presents a formidable challenge. In the pursuit of an effective strategy counterterrorist forces are often led to adopt morally questionable means. The realist might argue that this is further evidence of the fundamental incompatibility of war and morality; terrorism cannot be defeated without betraying (albeit temporarily and in extremis) the values that the counterterrorist is fighting to uphold. And yet a case can be made (partly on realist grounds) that the most effective way

in The ethics of war
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The impact of security policy on civil society in the United States
William A. Taylor

Introduction This chapter explores the critical relationship between counter-terrorism policy and civil society in the United States, which is a contested arena in which counter-terrorism policy has impacted civil society and vice versa. There exists extensive literature on securitization, which provides the theoretical framework within which this

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Life struggles, liberal modernity, and the defence of logistical societies
Author: Julian Reid

This is a book which aims to overturn existing understandings of the origins and futures of the War on Terror for the purposes of International Relations theory. As the book shows, this is not a war in defence of the integrity of human life against an enemy defined simply by a contradictory will for the destruction of human life as commonly supposed by its liberal advocates. It is a war over the political constitution of life in which the limitations of liberal accounts of humanity are being put to the test if not rejected outright.